H.W - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
During this time, methyl isocynate gas escaped into the atmosphere when a faulty gas valve broke under immense pressure. Leaking into the slums residential area of Bhopal, India,…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.1% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "H.W"

The Bhopal - Union Carbide Tragedy The Bhopal - Union Carbide gas leak explosion occured over a span of 2 days from December 2-3, 1984. During this time, methyl isocynate gas escaped into the atmosphere when a faulty gas valve broke under immense pressure. Leaking into the slums residential area of Bhopal, India, more than 20 thousand people died from the effects of chemical exposure while over 3 thousand required medical treatment. (BBC, “1984: Hundered Die in Bhopal Chemical Accident”) Even animals were not spared as cats, dogs, and birds, littered the streets -- lifeless. This was and is, considered to be one of the most disastrous explosions to have rocked the 1980s. 29 years after the tragic event, it is but right that a new generation of people come to learn of the facts surrounding an event that redefined the way that governments respond to chemical explosions. This paper will also look at the after effect of the explosion on the judicial system and take a look at how the victims have benefitted or not from the court decisions.
It is important to understand that the Bhopal tragedy did not fall squarely on the shoulders of Union-Carbide, a mere stock holder in the Union-Carbide plant. Rather, Union-Carbide India was owned and operated by the Indian company of the same name. In a statement on their website, Union - Carbide explains that:
“Union Carbide India Limited designed, built and managed the plant using Indian consultants and workers. In 1994, Union Carbide sold its entire stake in UCIL to Mcleod Russel India Limited of Calcutta, and UCIL was renamed Eveready Industries India Limited (Eveready Industries). As a result of the sale of its shares in UCIL, Union Carbide retained no interest in - or liability for - the Bhopal site. The proceeds of the UCIL sale were placed in a trust and exclusively used to fund a hospital in Bhopal, which now provides specialist care to victims of the tragedy. “
After the explosion, Union Carbide hired the independent firm of Arthur D. Little, Inc. to undertake a thorough investigation as to what caused the explosion. The findings of the investigators was clear. There was sabotage involved as water backed into the tank that caused a chemical reaction, leading to the explosion. ( Bhopal Information Center, “Statement of Union Carbide Regarding The Bhopal Tragedy”). Safety precautions have since been taken on a world wide scale to prevent the occurrence of another explosion stemming from a similar cause.
The Supreme Court of India saw just cause to hold Union-Carbide partly responsible for the disaster and ordered the company to settle with the victims. The settlement directives are as follows ( Bhopal Information Center, “The Incident, Response, and Settlement”):
“In February 1989, the Supreme Court of India directed a final settlement of all Bhopal litigation in the amount of $470 million. The Government of India, UCC and UCIL accepted the Court’s direction.Ten days after the decision, UCC and UCIL made full payment of the $470 million to the Indian government.
The Indian government, that owned the plant was not totally cleared of responsibility either as the court ( Bhopal Information Center, “The Incident, Response, and Settlement”)::
“Required the Government of India to purchase, out of the settlement fund, a group medical insurance policy to cover 100,000 persons who may later develop symptoms; and required the Government of India to make up any shortfall, however unlikely, in the settlement fund. “
In July 2004, exactly 15 years after the accident, the rest of the funds in the care of Union Carbide was released to the remaining victims so that by the year 2006, there were no longer any unsettled claims between the victims, the corporation, and the government of India.
BBC (2014). 1984: Hundreds die in Bhopal chemical accident. Retrieved from
Bhopal Information Center. (2014). Statement of Union-Carbide regarding the Bhopal tragedy. Retrieved from statements
Bhopal Information Center (2014). The incident, response, and settlement. Retrieved from settlement Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“H.W Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 10”, n.d.)
H.W Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 10. Retrieved from
(H.W Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 10)
H.W Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 10.
“H.W Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 10”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document



...?Running head: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Human Resource Management Module: College: Human Resource Management 1. Organisations are moving towards a new level of competitiveness both internally and externally. In order to succeed there is need for the management to enhance efficiency in all departments primarily in Human Resources. The contemporary approach in HR management has been the increased role of the Line Managers. Line managers offer the first platform for employees to report back to the top management. This is the operational level whose performance directly affects success of a firm. Therefore, line managers’ position can be used to facilitate team work, higher performance, cohesive gap between the management... head: HUMAN RESOURCE ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Case H

...?A. The founders of the company decided to utilize a compensation and equity split strategy based on equality among partners. There were four founding partners. The four partners were making different salaries prior to starting the venture together. They had different job positions with different levels of responsibility. Due to the fact that the partners did know how to create a formula that could consider multiple variables such as credentials, salary, and experience they decided to used a simple equality formula. The formula was that everyone would be making $120,000 and that the equity would be shared equally among all partners. Before the venture the salaries of the partners were between $55,000 and $90,000. This means... The founders of ...
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study

The Human Condition in Modern Society: The Unknown Citizen by W. H. Auden and Richard Cory by Edwin Arlington Robinson

...Submitted: The Human Condition in Modern Society: ‘The Unknown Citizen’ by W. H. Auden and ‘Richard Cory’ by Edwin Arlington Robinson In the poems ‘The Unknown Citizen’ by Auden and ‘Richard Cory’ by Robinson, the reader is witness to two works which satirize the human condition in quite similar ways of style, poetic devices and use of irony. ‘The Unknown Citizen’ recounts the life of an unnamed and perfectly adequate individual as reflected upon by a government agency. ‘Richard Cory’ then explores the life and attitude of a specific man who is thought of as perfect by everyone else, but then goes on to commit suicide in a very surprising and effective turn of events and tone. By using highly simple...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...political campaign, the relationship between the former president, George W. Bush and China was rather unclear. It was stated that the former president had intentionally let the China currency trade low in an effort to foster free trade. The introduction of this was immediately after he had taken over presidency and began spreading his economic policy. Many of the countries affected by these moves were for example Japan, known for importing high amount of corn from the United States3. These countries started losing trust in the United States ability to maintain power and maintain a clean slate in terms of the economic goals. However, with the onset of the 2008 election campaigns and after the election of President Obama,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Fundamentals of Job Satisfaction

...Owner 14 36 woman Egyptian Company employer 15 60 woman Lebanese Manager 16 27 woman Chinese Manager 17 56 woman Pilipino House worker 18 47 Woman Pilipino House worker 19 62 Woman Pilipino Company employer 20 38 Woman Pilipino Company employer Appendix B: TABLES *all numbers are ranked from 1-5 according to their job satisfaction (1=Vary dissatisfied, 5=Very satisfied) M =Man W =Woman Q8 = Kuwaiti H/w = house worker M = manager O =owner E = company employee 1. Age: 1.1 Table of result for the ages between 25 >= 35 # Power Relationship respect self esteem no...
20 Pages(5000 words)Essay

The Unknown Citizen by W H Auden

...Is he free Is he happy He should be, or we would have known. The Unknown Citizen by W H Auden (Famous 20th century English poet, considered to be one of the masters of the Modernist Movement in literature. This poem bases itself on the theme of anonymity that is imposed on the ordinary citizen due to the increase in urbanization and its attendant evils.) Introduction The postmodern era has been described as the 'cam-era.' We are all under constant watch. The development of communication technology has virtually effected the possibility of everyone to be watched. It could even be the mobile phone which you thought was your most private means of communication. The techniques of surveillance...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay


... How to Clean Lungs after Quitting Smoking HISTORY Leadership Slavery Politics Assassination President Colonization Hegemony Independence Loyalty Liberation Politicians JOBS Cooking Fishing Journalism Nursing Medicine Teaching Hairdressing Carpentry Weaving Sporting HABITS Drug abuse Smoking Drinking alcohol Stealing Robbery Sleeping Eating Crying Bullying Sagging How to Clean Lungs after Quitting Smoking Everyday smokers always subject their lungs to scarring. This is an effect of smoking that come as a result of long term exposure of the cigarette smoke. This leads to reduced oxygen supply to the body tissues. There are many ways that affected people can naturally detoxify their lungs and live a healthy life after quitting... How to Clean...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Read the following text: Schouten, John W. & James H. McAlexander (1995), Subcultures of consumption: an ethnography of the new bikers, Journal of Consumer Research, vol.22, June, pp.43-61. Using the theories developed in this and related studies

...Radwanick, S. Lipsman, A. & Aquino, C. (2011). It’s A Social World. Top 10 Need-to-Knows About Social Networking and where It’s Headed. Rosewarne, S. (2012). Social Media patterns of Consumption. Unitec Institute of Technology. Schouten, J. W. and McAlexander, J. H. (1992), "Subcultures of Consumption: Structure, Ethos, and Market Impact," working paper presented at the Association for Consumer Research, National Conference. Schouten, J. W. & McAlexander, J. H. (1995), “Subcultures of consumption: an ethnography of the new bikers”, Journal of Consumer Research 22, 43-61. Sexton, D. E. (1972), "Black Buyer Behavior," Journal of Marketing 36,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay


...Working capital is a simple financial metric that is sometimes hard to understand if you look at it from an accounting perspective. The working capital of companies vary depending on the industry in which the company operates. The formula used by most people to calculate working capital is current assets minus current liabilities In the Youtube video the narrator utilizes three companies to explain the concept of working capital (Youtube, 2014). The three companies chosen in the video are Wal-Mart, Amazon, and Salesforce. These three companies have much different working capital results. The working capital the three companies is illustrated in the table below: Company Wal-Mart -S1695 million Amazon $l464 million Salesforce $105... capital is ...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay


...The video lesson describes the concept of free cash flow (Youtube, . To understand the concept one must ask what is the company discretionary cash flow each year. Discretionary cash flow means after paying for expenses for the business and paying working capital and capital expenditures how much money is available. The formula to calculate free cash flow is cash from operations minus capital expenditures. This concept is important because it gets managers to analyze what they are spending their money on and what changes can be made to those expenditures. When the free cash flow is negative or very small an analyst must evaluate if is a recurrent problem or a one time issue. After evaluating the free cash flow the company has... video lesson...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic H.W for FREE!

Contact Us