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Case study: cancer - Essay Example

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This paper looks at the life cycle of a biomedical idea, in this case, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines for of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals, and traces how the topic has been communicated to various audiences. It begins with a short description of…
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Download file to see previous pages Various researches have enabled individuals with HIV to live normal lives, as well as increased the lifespan of individuals suffering from this condition. But HPV changes all of this.
Considered as the most common sexually transmitted infection, with 9-13% or 6 million people worldwide infected annually (Pandhi and Sonthalia), HPV is also the number one cause of death among young to middle aged women living in developing countries with high HIV prevalence (McNeil Jr.).
The connection between the HPV and HIV has been firmly established following the publication of a number of researches (Mbulawa et al.; Heard et al.; Wang et al.). In response to the growing concern about HPV and HIV and the 2008 research (Engels et al.) showing that the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the HPV vaccine used since 1996 did not work for immunocompromised individuals. But three years after the release of the 2011 factsheet from the National Cancer Institute (that popularized the ineffectiveness of HAART for individuals with HIV), the New York Times is proud to announce that new vaccines against cervical cancer are now available, and these are proven effective even for sexually active women with HIV (McNeil Jr.). 
Written for a wider audience, the New York Times article uses a language that is readily understood by its readers. It summarizes the important points of the study (Kojic et al.), and uses numbers and percentages effectively. In just three hundred (300) words, the author was able to explain why this research was important by utilizing rhetorical tools that appeal to logic (logos), emotion (pathos), or authority (ethos).
The major hook can be found in the second paragraph, where author began to appeal to both logic and emotion – after all, death is no laughing matter. Whenever death was concerned, people listened. And when this author says, many young women in areas with high HIV prevalence die of HPV, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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