government started social welfare programs to assist the affected US citizens.The main reason for setting up the U.S. welfare system during this period was to fight against poverty in the country. However, several years…
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As a result, several Acts to support mandatory drug testing were introduced in order to reduce drug abuse by social welfare recipients. This paper will examine the issue of mandatory drug testing for welfare recipients and further explain why the testing policy is not effective.
To start with, the social welfare programs were initiated based on the values and beliefs held by the American society. According to Segal, religious and social beliefs held by the American people championed the need for social welfare system (10). For example, popular religions in the period of 1930s included protestant Christians who believed on biblical teachings that society members should support each other. However, Segal points out that evolution of both social and religious beliefs has not been smooth and the current policies governing the social welfare represent the conflicting values and beliefs (11). For instance, introduction of mandatory drug testing to the social welfare beneficiaries is good from a social perspective because it is aimed to better the social status of the recipients. However, mandatory drug testing does not sound good on religious point of view because most religions have a view that the needy people in the society should be helped without conditions.
Surprisingly, mandatory drug testing has gained popularity in several states of U.S since the introduction of Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996 that aimed to improve the intended goals of social welfare programs. Several states in the U.S saw the importance of increasing the productivity and responsibility of citizens receiving social welfare support and hence introduced the legislation of mandatory drug testing. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), “in 2009, over 20 states proposed legislation that would require drug testing” as a basis to determine eligibility for the benefits from social welfare programs (1).This was
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It must be recognized, however, that many of those on welfare are there because they have not been able to pull themselves out of dire circumstances that are outside of their own control. Drug abuse, however, is one of the circumstances that prevent people from contributing into society rather than taking from it.
Some programs offer social insurance and occupational risks. In the United States, this system has been used to allocate resources from the rich to the poor in the society. Reasons why it is noteworthy According to (Ames, 2012), welfare is beneficial as it is used To reduce the cost of production for employees - To keep social peace in check - Equality in economic activity There are different welfare regimes which include liberal regimes, conservative regimes and social-democratic regimes which have different functions in trying to redistribute resources to the state.
According to Newell (2011), welfare reform has transformed from cash assistance for the poor to a work-focused temporary Assistance for Needy Families program. The author further argues that this has made the issue of substance abuse a periodic policy and a programmatic concern
Recipients of welfare are required to pay for drug tests; many of them do not have the money to pay for such tests. If such people fail such tests, then, they are denied the welfare for a whole year (Dilla 585). Consequently, such people do not get the welfare for a whole year; this is not fair for some people who may be in dire need of such welfare.
As the United States continues to reel from the after effects of the 2008 George W. Bush mishandling of our economy, our government finds itself in the unenviable position of having to find the balance between fiscal responsibility and caring for its citizens in need.
I came to this conclusion during my research by reading reports in journals, case studies, online articles, and a face to face interview with Dr. Rhodes, a biology professor with J. Sargent Reynolds community college. The reason I find this research important is that I see this topic discussed in the news, classroom, social media sites, and even in everyday conversation.
An intense debate is currently ongoing as to whether Welfare recipient should be drug tested. The opinion in the country is divided almost in the middle regarding the issue with some in support while others strongly oppose the move. Those championing the idea claim that drug testing of Welfare recipients in the country is needed to prevent taxpayers from paying for the drug habits of the evil poor people.
Therefore, philanthropists assert that they have to perform drug tests on these people to ascertain eligibility for the federal aid. This idea was because the philanthropists advocate for a fair use of the taxpayers’ money. The decision regarding undertaking drug test on the federal aid recipients has caused application of different decision criteria in determining the extent of the benefits of the activity.
The government requires drug testing for workers in the transportation and nuclear industries, where lapses in concentration may result in the greatest harm. Most companies in the country have also embraced the concept of drug testing, particularly over the last 30 years (Fisher & Lab, 2010).