Linguists propose different strategies of vocabulary attainment in reference to numerous factors (Meara, 1997). There are diverse factors that are involved in the process of vocabulary attainment. These…
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Environmental factors may involve the host culture and available output opportunities. While there are some methods that seem to work more effectively for second language vocabulary acquisition,
Many researchers and professionals have recently taken great interest in the strategies for learning second language vocabulary. These include linguists, psychologists, sociologists, and language teachers (Meara 1997). By their studies they examined many different strategies for learning vocabulary: rote memorization with, or without, a language lab, translation exercises, drill and practice, live and digital computer aided conversation, listening to music or stories, with or without the text in hand or on screen, matching and other word games, watching movies and other videos, with or without subtitles, reading books or booklets, with or without looking up unknown words and writing sentences, conversations, scripts and stories, with or without using a dictionary (Cohen, 76, 2001). Crucial to vocabulary, or another, learning is assessment. Even students using self-study need assessment to guide them in what to study. Assessment methods that work without being intrusive or interfering with learning processes are best (Stahl, Katherine A. DoughertyBravo,Marco A. 2010).
Guessing, not mentioned earlier, as a strategy towards vocabulary acquisition in a second language is commonly encouraged (McCarthy, 102, 1990). The first language develops naturally, not as a result of direct instruction, but by trial and error (Ellis, 125, 1997). The child tries a sound and looks for a response. Then the child tries to repeat the sound and looks for the same response. Eventually the child discovers that certain sounds are connected to certain responses, many of which fulfill the needs of the child, some which do little or nothing and some which get undesirable responses. Therefore, second language development should work well following the
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The ability of the learner to perform well in listening appears to be highly related to the strategy that is employed. A number of strategies have been studied and the general consensus is that metacognitive strategies improves listening proficiency. 2.1 Studies on listening In the past little attention was given to listening comprehension both theoretically and practically.
According to the paper a disorder of the neural development, it is generally characterized by impaired communication skills and flawed social interactions, and is also noticed in the restricted and repetitive behaviour of a child. Autism affects the information processing within the human brain, owing to certain modifications in the nature of the organisation and connection of the nerve cells and their synapses.
2006, p.277). In other words, the learning organization supports the learning initiatives of its employees and continuously updates its plans in accordance with the market trends and requirements. These organizations can exist in both the private and the public sector (Easterby et al.
The findings from these studies have assisted us in knowing more about how human brain solve difficult cognitive chores using strategic knowledge in relation to the objectives to be attained. Even though writing in many forms is seen as a problem- solving task, there is little if any research on the work of meta-cognition in EFL writing.
...” (Robbins et.al, 2010 p.71) The elements which are stressed in this definition are intensity, direction and persistence. Intensity element is the most important of the three elements and gets the maximum focus as it is concerned about the extent how much an individual tries to achieve something.
Learning Difficulties and Dyslexia. Learning difficulty is a major problem that affects the way in which a child learns new things in any area of his her life and it does not merely confine to learning in school. It also influence the method in which they understand and communicate.
Nowadays English plays a great role. It is the language of communication, informatics, networking and technique, thus binding different nations of the world into united linguistic community. Any academic institution puts high on the agenda teaching English language.