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This essay examines issues related to vocabulary in the sphere of learning English as a second language and the development of the importance of vocabulary teaching and methods that have been found to be successful in achieving competency in English, which are to be recommended for future teachers…
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Teaching English as a Second Language
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Download file to see previous pages The strategies that have been used by students and teacher in the mastery of vocabulary and the effective means for testing student competency in these areas are also subjects that are covered in this essay.
Researchers have emphasized how important vocabulary is to the effective acquisition of a foreign language and the fact that scant attention has been paid to vocabulary in past years to the detriment of learners.1 The actual practice that has been followed is for teachers to focus upon grammar skills and communicative strategies while vocabulary has been a largely neglected area, in the mistaken notion that it is something that will be acquired automatically as a natural part of the language learning process. The prevalent belief was also that learning too much vocabulary during the initial stages of language learning would give students a misplaced sense of false security.2 The use of vocabulary instruction was limited to the extent that it was required in order to facilitate the learning of grammar3. The vocabulary was taught only in connection with the functional aspects of the language and this was not a specialized area of instruction in the teaching of English as a second language.
The beginnings of the shift in emphasis to teaching vocabulary first began with the development of a list of 850 words that were referred to as Basic English, although this list was later expanded in 1953 to about 2000 words which served the purpose for most general usage.4 The modern trend in vocabulary that has been identified by several researchers is that words are best learned in context rather than as lists of isolated words and that they are better learned in chunks of words which would also include their idiomatic use5. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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