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This paper seeks to illustrate various aspects associated with juvenile delinquency and measures taken to lower the prevalence rates.
Juvenile delinquency illustrates a violation of the law committed by a person under the legal age, but surpasses parental control, and thus is subject to legal action. Such violations of the law are not punishable by death or life imprisonment, but dwell on rehabilitating the offenders to become law-abiding citizens. Institutions such as juvenile detention centers and courts assist in dispensation of legal interventions based on specified procedures in the legal system. Furthermore, a juvenile delinquent is an under aged person who has been found guilty of a crime, and is protected by the law as a minor; hence cannot bear the responsibility for the crime (Snyder and Sickmund, 2006). The age of criminal responsibility may be lowered in accordance with the nature and seriousness of the crime. This would imply that the individual could be tried as an adult.
Negative behaviors among children and young adults translate into juvenile delinquency. Juvenile delinquency has the potential of creating significant social disorder. Past and recent surveys have indicated that a high percentage of children and adolescents engage in activities that are in violation of the law. The reality of the situation is illustrated in the drop in the average age of first arrests made among young people. This can be attributed to the common notion that juvenile offences are normative adolescent behaviors. However, repeated or chronic offenders are most likely to carry on with the trend away from adolescence and turn into criminal elements or outlaws.
At a tender age, delinquent behavior involves minor theft, but can evolve to violent acts involving the use of weapons as the individual nears the statutory age. Other delinquent behaviors include bullying, truancy,
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In addition, they deal with stigma, harassment threat and violence due to their sexual orientation. Shocking statistics show that 31% of gay youth have faced threat and have been injured in the last one year (Bureau of Justice Statistics Datasets, 2012). As the number of LGBT community increases every day, the society needs to be enlightened on their rights.
There are lots of correction programs exist in United States to correct the deviant behaviour of the juveniles. However many people believe that these programs are not fully successful in preventing juveniles from repeating their criminal activities. This paper explains various juvenile delinquency programs existing in America, the effectiveness of these programs and recommendations for further improvement of these programs.
The data on these statistics is compiled from various law enforcement agencies across America to statistically evaluate existing versus previous trends in juvenile delinquency in the country. The report highlights that juveniles make up only a margin portion of total national violent crime arrests, at 16 percent, but a significant margin of property crime arrests totaling 26 percent (Puzzanchera, 2009).
While the legal age in the United States is 18 years of age, many offenders under this age are involved in a wide range of crimes that amount to delinquency. The high incidence of delinquency in the United States is taunting, which prompts the need to prevent and reduce the incidence rates.
The determination of the legal age could vary from one country to another. In most countries including the United States, the legal age is set at 18 years. Other countries place it at the age of 21 years. Past and recent statistics show a high incidence of juvenile delinquency in the United States.
Increased exposure to crime and violence in the media has also been a major cause of increase in juvenile crime. Youth violence has been reported to be a key cause of death of young people aged 10-24. This has mostly been conducted by youth gangs and has resulted in not only death but destruction of valuable property and disruption of social services.
Sociologically, crime and deviance can be viewed as the externalities or acts that are harmful to the individual and society at large, which are prohibited and punishable by law. Each and every social setting has mores, values, beliefs and expected standards that govern interaction of the members and in the long run help to streamline coexistence.
However, society does not see it fit that individuals under the age of 18 years old be prosecuted in criminal courts because of perceived inability and immaturity to appreciate the legal system. Adult courts are also seen to cause traumatic experiences for a young individual.
In the end, some end up committing crimes that they could easy avoid. However, the society can come in and help the youths. Some problems that youths face in the society have solutions. The society has the ability to reduce factors or conditions that promote juvenile
The threat of punishment can apply in general deterrence, which involves instilling fear of severe criminal penalties like long jail terms on juvenile delinquency. Actually, it is less likely for a juvenile to repeat a
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