Name Instructor Course Date Marijuana Should not be Legalized in the US. Marijuana is a popular recreational drug derived from the dried flowering tops and leaves of Cannabis sativa and cannabis indica. It is commonly smoked as a ‘joint’ mixed with tobacco…
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The legalization of marijuana is the focus of contemporary debate in the US. Colorado and Washington have legalized its use and several other states appear poised to follow suit. Legal penalties for the possession of marijuana are being lifted and decriminalized. This legalization of marijuana is extremely bad for society and deserves to be strongly opposed. Marijuana should not be legalized in the US because it has adverse health effects, and legalization will increase its use and its cost burdens. Marijuana has adverse physical and mental effects, as illustrated by the health problems associated with its usage. According to the National Institute on Drug Usage, marijuana smoking affects the brain and leads to impaired short-term memory, perception, judgment and motor skills. Marijuana users also experience difficulty in concentration, trance-like states, lowered driving and other psychomotor skills, slowed reaction time, impaired goal-directed mental activity, and altered peripheral vision. In another example in the New England Journal of Medicine, 45% of reckless drivers (excluding those under the influence of alcohol), tested positive for marijuana. Intense anxiety, panic attacks or paranoia are also seen in cases of marijuana usage. Marijuana cigarettes contain the carcinogen Benzopyrene which is linked to lung cancer. Other symptoms include airway injury, acute and chronic bronchitis, inflamed sinuses, lung inflammation, and vulnerability to pulmonary infection. Marijuana weakens the body’s immune system and leads to decreased motivation. It affects the hormones, resulting in delayed puberty, low sperm count and menstrual disruption (Frontline). The legalization of marijuana will increase its availability and its use. This is particularly disturbing as “Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States, with nearly 17 million Americans age 12 and older reporting past?month use, and 374,000 people entering an emergency room annually with a primary marijuana problem” (White House web site). Legalization would naturally result in a steep fall in marijuana prices, making it affordable to more users, especially adolescents. This is illustrated by the case of gambling, tobacco and alcohol: statistics show that legalization increased use and availability. The Netherlands is a real-time example. Data from the Rand Corp. shows that, with marijuana legalization, its use “increased consistently and sharply” and tripled among young adults. Legalization “triggered commercialization” (Sabet). This result will be multiplied in America's ad-driven culture. The promise of profit will encourage aggressive marketing. Closer to home, we have the example of Alaska. Alaska legalized marijuana in the 1970’s. Subsequently, “teen marijuana use jumped to twice the national average” (CNBC). The state recriminalized marijuana in 1990. The legalization of marijuana will increase cost burdens. The tax revenue generated through the legalization of marijuana will be off-set by higher social costs. This is again illustrated by the precedent of tobacco and alcohol. The Federal and State tax on alcohol is “less than 10 percent of the estimated $185 billion in alcohol?related costs to health care, criminal justice, and the workplace in lost productivity” (White House). Similarly, the annual social cost of smoking lags far behind the tax revenue generated by tobacco. It is estimated that 9 percent of marijuana
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However, there is a need to view this whole process from a very different perspective considering the overall impact of the consumption of the drugs on the society as a whole. This view is based upon the argument of de-criminalization or the harm reduction which can be achieved through the legalization of drugs like Marijuana.
The concept of the ‘gateway drug’ excuse for the continued illegality of marijuana has long since passed its purpose and does not represent a truth that should support the illegal nature of sales and use of the plant. Marijuana, like alcohol, should be made legal in order to save financial costs of prosecution, to preserve the future of those who use the drug, and to ensure the safety of those who use it.
In examining the question of whether marijuana should be legalized, many of the supporting ethical arguments have emerged in terms of the classical theory of utilitarianism. As first proposed by seminal philosopher John Stuart Mille, utilitarianism contends that, “when faced with a choice, we must act to achieve the greater good for the greater number of people”.
Name: Title: The Legalization of Marijuana Purpose Statement: The Purpose of this speech is to inform as to why marijuana should be legalized. There are many health benefits of marijuana use and it should be treated like all pharmaceutical drugs and used responsibly.
The drug is made using the stem, bud, leaves and flowers of the Cannabis plant. According to (Cox)“Also called "pot," "weed," "grass," "ganja," and other slang terms, marijuana is the most commonly used illegal drug, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse”.
The use of marijuana is not justified in that it causes harm to other people. The question of marijuana legalization refers to whether or not people should be allowed to legally sell, buy, and use drugs for their own personal pleasure. Regulation of marijuana poses a challenge for the entire society.
The author states that those who are opposed to the legalization of Marijuana as a substance often points to the assumption that the plant has far more dangerous effects than getting drunk on alcohol. The claims that Marijuana use can worsen the mental conditions of already unstable mental patients.
People who become victims of these accidents are the ones who have had marijuana consumed in one quantity or the other. A sad evidence of this is that there are many victims each year in these accidents as they had taken marijuana. The element of
Marijuana, the product of the cannabis plant, is one of the most widely used drugs in the world. Statistics show that in United States of America, after alcohol and tobacco, marijuana is third most commonly used drug. It is said that marijuana is less harmful and dangerous than alcohol and tobacco.
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