Domestic violence has affected children mentally, psychologically and socially. Disturbing statistics has shown that about four million children in the United States experience domestic violence yearly. …
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In Australia, 75,000 to 640,000 children get exposure to domestic violence. An Australian study showed that up to 40% of chronically violent teenagers have exposure to extreme domestic violence. These statistics become of great concern when viewed globally. Under these circumstances, children grow up in a very violent environment where they witness the physical abuse that their parents inflict on each other. Furthermore, they hear the fighting noises and threats from their parents. They observe the results of the violent acts such as bloodshed, torn clothing, bruises, tears as well as broken items. This paper seeks to show the effects of domestic violence on children. Psychological effects of domestic violence Children who get exposed to such acts of violence normally develop unnecessary fear and anxiety. They are always waiting for the next violence. They fear that any slight argument may lead to violence. As such, they do not feel safe in the home since they do not know what will trigger the next violence. They also feel powerless and worthless since they wish they could help, but they are not able to do so. It is this feeling of worthlessness that works against their self esteem. These children feel obliged to safeguard the family secrets. They, therefore, restrain themselves from exposing such secrets to outsiders (Zeck, 1993). For this reason, they look cool and composed from outside even when they are going through the toughest psychological torment. They do not seek help from out of fear of revealing the family secrets. Moreover, such children feel vulnerable and isolated. In some instances, they take the blame for the violence since they think that they are the cause. They grow up without the primary needs of a child such as attention, approval and affection. In such cases, mothers are normally busy trying to keep themselves safe and survive in a violent environment. They, therefore, forget their maternal role to the children. Fathers, on the other hand, struggle to seek control of everyone and forget their paternal role in the upbringing of their children. The children feel psychologically and physically abandoned. Emotional response to domestic violence in children Children may exhibit varied emotional responses to the domestic violence that they continually witness. Such response may include shame, fear, sleep disturbance, guilt, anger, depression among others. Moreover, such a child may also be affected physically by headache, stomachache, loss of concentration and bedwetting. Physical injuries may also come as a result of the struggle in an attempt to intervene during the violence (Gioia & Sims, 1983). Children who experience domestic violence also exhibit a number of behavioral changes in response to the violence. Such change in behavior includes anxiety to pleasing, throwing tantrums as well as withdrawal. This, in effect, affects their school attendance and performance. The children may also exhibit delay in growth and development. This includes developmental delays such as speech and cognitive skills. The children may also assume violence as a means of self expression and defense. They display increased force and aggression towards their peers. This makes their social lives harder since they are not able to socialize with people. Another adverse effect of domestic violence on children is compensation. In many cases, the children take care of their parents injured in domestic violence as well as their younger siblings. This way, they take up adult roles that are far above their ability. Consequently, there is a delay in the child’s emotional and physical development (Daly, Speedy &Jackson, 2004). Long term Effects of Domestic
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In short, domestic violence is an act or behavior used by a person in a relationship to take control over the other. Even though domestic conflicts often occur between husbands and the wives, some of the recent reports have shown that it is taking place between parent and child, brothers and sisters, between siblings, between children and grandparents etc.
Many definitions of domestic violence also include parental abuse on children in domestic violence. The impact of domestic violence is extremely negative on children and on society in general, other than the obvious negative effect on partners themselves.
This paper focuses on family and community violence. It also includes a perspective on violence in the media. Family violence must, by definition, include child maltreatment and spousal abuse. Author has specific interest in the impact on children when they are mere witnesses to domestic violence.
“Domestic violence is a behavior used by one person in a relationship to control the other. Partners may be married or not married; heterosexual, gay, or lesbian; living together, separated or dating” (Domestic Violence: Definition, 2009).
Domestic violence happens when one or more members of a family continually experience mental or physical abuse from those members who wish to control and dominate. Presence of a sympathetic adult around children who can help the children to cope with their problems is absolutely necessary.
The societal violence in the United States has enveloped family lives as well. Violence creeps quietly and firmly into living rooms via television and its contents. This source misguides its viewers in adopting unrealistic and cinematic use of violence in real life situations in homesteads and outside.
Finally, the review explores the applications of art therapy and its places in children who witness violence’s self development. A summary of the theoretical literature is also included. [To be rephrased].
In many abusive relationships, the welfare of the child or
The author of the paper states that domestic violence does not occur within a certain ethnicity, race, religion or economic status, it prevails everywhere. In most cases the abuser is male as stated by the Home Affairs Select Committee (HASC), and usually the female or a child is the victim.
The aim of this paper is to show the impact of domestic violence on children. The major terms used during the research include domestic violence and children. From the over thirty articles displayed on the page, only fifteen articles were a hundred percent related to my area of study.