The story of The Odyssey has been used by Homer to reveal the female gender roles in the ancient Greece. Women in the ancient Greece held few authoritative duties as compared to men who had some of the large authoritative powers. …
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He learnt most of his traits due to his encounter with different cultures and dangerous assignments. This evident in the story where the Greek army commander sends Odyssey to gather information from the Trojan camp, a task requires him to be brave and wise so that the Trojans do not to capture him. The adventure of the Odyssey has also had various challenges, most of which are posed by women. These ancient women in the story reveal the role of women through various encounters with the Odyssey.
Women in the story have a great influence on the actions of men. The roles of women have been portrayed in the story where the immortal Calypso, the goddess of Calypso Island, is seducing Odyssey and his fellow warriors while on their mission on the island. She manages to do so by using her sweet melodious voice to capture the attention of the men on the island. She successfully does this and lures them closer to her home. She takes this advantage and turns some of them into swine. Luckily enough, Odyssey possessed a potion that reversed Calypso spell and used this chance to escape. Calypso falls in love with Odyssey and holds him captive on the island for about 18 years. This shows how women are used to seduce men even in present day situations. They can do anything to men to accomplish what they want to do.
According to Homer, women use their beauty to put men in to temptations that is against the culture of ancient Greece (188). Calypso uses her immortal powers to prevent Odyssey from leaving the Island. After sometime Odyssey decides to return home to his wife Penelope but calypso does not agree to that. She uses her charms and manipulates Odyssey to stay on the island. The act of manipulation reveals how women can be scheming when they have the power over male gender. Women who become leaders by controlling the society can act as a hindrance to men who want to attain their dreams. Odyssey’s love to Penelope and his son Telemakho’s gives him the will to try overcoming the immortal Calypso for him to return home. Calypso is not aware of what would make Odyssey want to leave the immortal life and prefer the mortal life. She tries to relate her beauty to that of Penelope saying, “I think I can claim that I am not her inferior either in build or stature, since it is not likely that mortal women can challenge the goddesses for build and beauty” (Homer 24). According to Homer, calypso plays the role of a seductive monstrous woman who aims at destroying the society beliefs and culture. Penelope also portrays the role of women in caring for the family. She wanted Odyssey back as the father of her son. Women fights for the rights of their family when other women tend to come between them. The story reveals the role of women as wives and mothers. Penelope is a woman portraying the image of an ancient Greek woman. The role of a woman as a mother is evident where she has raised her son Telemakho’s until maturity even in the absence of Odyssey. Penelope being Odysseys wife she poses a unique character that reveals a strong female gender. After many years of people claiming that Odyssey was dead, Penelope did not lose the faith that one day his husband would come home. She encounters the challenge of many suitors trying to court her but her love for Odyssey kept them off.
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When seen in the light of the whole epic, however, this scene is entirely reasonable in plot terms, and also deeply significant in the development of Odysseus’s character. The scene occurs long after the events of the Trojan war, and shortly after Odysseus has been through a long exile on the island with Calypso and a dramatic sea voyage in which he is shipwrecked thanks to the interference of the gods.
She interprets the male-oriented myths created by men and undermines the obligation of a gender hierarchy. Introduction Margaret Atwood’s The Penelopiad is her own revision of Homer’s Odyssey narrated through the voice of Penelope. In modern literature “revision” means a literary work in which canonical texts are used and reimagined by a writer.
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Gender play a very import role in the Odyssey specially the female characters, discussion in the following paragraphs involves the analysis of these major characters.
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The researcher of this essay compared the role of women in two different ancient cultures. It is stated that men had much more rights and opportunities. This can be seen both in the Hebrew Bible and in The Odyssey by Homer. On the other hand, the difference between the Hebrew Bible and The Odyssey by Homer is presented in the essay as well.
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