We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Position Paper - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Erika Stueve Professor Woodard English 201 June 19, 2013 Unnecessary Evil The world we live in relies heavily on animal testing for most cosmetic and food products. They are the creatures upon whom the human experiments make these things safer for us to use…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
Position Paper

Download file to see previous pages... This paper will serve to look into the reasons as to why animal testing should not be tolerated and should be banned altogether from use in our highly advanced 21st century society of animal rights activists. According to NAVS, the reason that animals became the de-facto choice for testing of human products was really quite simple, the animal body closely resembled that of humans. For the early scientific community, that was the only criteria they needed in order to justify animal testing. The first documented use of animal experimentation dates back to the 4th century. But our modern society no longer has a need to use animal testing now that we understand the human and animal body a lot better than our ancestors ever did. Many doctors agree animal experimentation should be taken with a grain of salt, because it is outdated, inaccurate, and an unnecessary evil needing to come to an end. Fergie Woods M.D. states, “Animals tend to react differently than humans to drugs, vaccines, and experiments which can consequently be very harmful to humans’ health.” A clear example of the huge difference in results between animal and human testing can be seen in the conflicting results of Thalidomide testing during the 1960's and 1970's. Although the sedative had no visible and long term effect on the animals it was tested upon, it caused massive physical damage upon the human babies whose mother's were unlucky enough to have taken the drug during the pregnancy. Of the mothers who had taken Thalidomide, at least ten thousand children were born throughout the world with severe deformities (Woods). Then there is also the Digitalis case wherein the dogs who took the drug were found to have elevated levels of blood pressure. However, the drug did not have the same effect during human testing. Rather, the drug helped to lower the human heart rate whenever necessary. Another example of the inconsistency between human and animal reaction is digitalis, a drug which can be credited in saving countless cardiac patients’ lives by lowering their heart rate. When digitalis was tested on dogs, it raised their blood pressure to dangerously high levels (Woods). NAVS members point out in a study Mark Levin, Ph.D. presented results regarding the inaccuracy of animal models in drug testing. Levin found that in twenty-eight new drugs tested for liver toxicity in rats, seventeen were shown to be safe. Of the drugs cleared during testing, eight proved to be safe for human use and six were found to be toxic to humans. In another study, spanning over ten years, the FDA found out of one hundred and ninety-eight new medications developed, one hundred and two were either recalled or had side effects not predicted in animal tests (NAVS). Since the results of animal testing these days no longer confirm the same effects to be probable in humans, the need to test drugs and other medical related items on animals has become an archaic and moot point. It no longer serves in man's best interests. “Experimenting on animals in order to understand the drug or disease response in humans is an archaic and scientifically invalid research method”, states NAVS. Animal rights organization, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA) argue that the cruelty animals endure during ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Position paper
It is contended that men and women are different biologically; therefore, it is only but natural for them to have a different approach to relationships. Although some people claim that it is actually social conditioning that is to be blamed, there is ample evidence, so to speak, to prove that men and women are inherently different form one another, thus causing many a problem in their relationships.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Position paper
The discussion the paper will provide disapproves of the traditional thought among the public that the nursing profession is a safe heaven and regarded as a place for protection and care. The discussion will form the foundation of my position on the existence of continual rise of patient violence in many healthcare facilities.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Position paper
For most of the two decades leading up to the turn of the millennium, according to Collier, worldwide growth has failed to uplift their lives and improve their financial prospects, and in fact has led them down a slippery slope of economic decline and misery.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Tax Return Position Paper
Tax law encompasses the field of legal studies that covers common-law, constitutional, regulatory and statutory rules that represent the law relevant to taxation. To understand how tax is governed, this paper will describe the sources of tax laws and differentiate between the roles of the tax courts and the Internal Revenue Service in their interpretation and application of tax laws.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Position Paper
Teaching and learning are important actions that must occur in order for society to continue evolving towards creating a better world. Without education a country can not progress and transformed its economy from a
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Position Paper
Smoking marijuana is found to be the most diffident approach as it delivers the drug appropriately and at a faster pace (Should marijuana be a medical
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Position paper
This paper analyzes the connection between poverty and obesity and is for the position that poverty and obesity are closely connected.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Position Paper
On the other hand, this paper will answer the issue on the economic and sociological considerations of humans in their food choices as regards to the topics opened in the book. The Omnivore’s Dilemma
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Position Paper
The proponents of this argument consider history as the most important lesson that people carry to the present and which determines the current activities and ways of doing things. However, there are arguments that there is apparently no lesson in history (Simon and
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Position paper
The standards faces problem in determining whether a lease is operating or capital. The IASB and FASB have developed standard on leases. The problem associated with the existing standard is the lease requirement that relates
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Position Paper for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us