Human Rights [Author’s Name] [Institution] Abstract The concept of human rights originates from the ancient times, yet its modern understanding has not basically changed: human rights are generally the rights that a person has because of being human. The concept has long been popular in the Western world, but the contemporary reality evidently calls for re-examination of this notion in favor of the universal character of human rights…
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It focuses on the history of the human rights development both globally and with regard to the Western society. Theory of human rights is explored in terms of the three generations theory suggested by Vasak. Finally, the place of human rights and various controversies related to their violations in the modern world are discussed. Human Rights Most often we hear the phrase “human rights” when someone talks about the protection of human rights in the modern world. Indeed, as Hafner-Burton & Tsutsui observe, “the protection of human rights is one of the most pressing and yet most elusive goals of the international community” (Hafner & Tsutsui, 2005, p. 1373). Claude & Weston, too, admit that the idea of human rights “has found its way around the globe”, so that every day people are reminded of its importance (Claude & Weston, 2006, p. 3). In the United States, people demand that the homeless get better condition, health insurance be fit for all, torture be brought to an end on the military bases; in Brazil and other countries, the indigenous peoples fight against colonization of their lands and their dispossession; Tibetan monks resort to demonstrations to stop the Chinese from meddling with customs; Cuban people petition for just elections and free speech; the Burmese challenge enslavement practices used by the country’s government to force them construct a gas pipeline which belongs to one multinational company, etc. All these issues are classified as human rights (Claude & Weston, 2006). The fact that people all around the globe have to deal with it evidences its universal character and capacity to impact people’s aspirations. Yet, what exactly is “human rights”? This paper explores the concept of human rights in relation to its meaning, origin, history, theory, and place in the contemporary world. The Human Rights Concept The concept of human rights is based on understanding of human rights as – literally – the rights that a person has because of being human. Hence, human rights are exercised universally by all people as well as they universally hold against any other person or institution. Human rights, believed to be the highest moral rights, regulate basic structures and major practices of political life; besides, in everyday situations they are known to have advantage over other claims of moral, political, or legal nature (Donelly, 2003, p. 1). Universality of human rights is their distinctive feature. As ideal standards, or in word, human rights have been accepted almost in every country, since all states proclaim adherence to the international norms of human rights on a regular basis. However, these days the concept of human rights is more often spoken of in relation to human rights violations. Constant reports in the media about people becoming victims of state regimes, suffer from “crimes against humanity”, injustices, and cruelties. This is the modern discourse of human rights and it is predominantly legal (Freeman, 2011, p.9). Freeman argues that legal understanding of human rights and turning them into an exclusively technical term by lawyers has led to distortion of this concept. This has been aggravated by the fact that the social sciences neglected the concept and generated scarce studies on this topic
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When examining the basic concept of liberty as a right in various countries, it can be seen that different perspectives are initialized, specifically in relation to the executive powers which exist. While the ideology of liberty is noted as a main power within society, there are questions of the protection of liberty, what this means and what powers should be demonstrated.
The paper also deals with history or origin of human rights. The purpose of human rights is to ensure peaceful and orderly social and political functioning within a state. To safeguard interests of its citizens, several national and international bodies are formed.
Human rights are not separate laws adopted by governments of different nations, but these rights are a part of the constitution of several nations such as United Nations and several nations have signed agreements created by the UN to promoted human rights in their own regions.
The global recognition of human rights started with the Universal Declaration of Human rights in 1948. Over the years, numerous regional and international treaties have been signed and ratified by different countries in order to protect the universal human rights of the citizens.
He purports that freedom is not an absolute entity and maintained that it is subjective and extremely situational. He describes governmental freedom as one is bounded and contained within the confines of legislature. He describes an intricate system of checks and balances wherein governmental officials are given clear and concise boundaries for the guidance of their actions.
Every person is entitled to human rights equally, irrespective of their nationality, race, religion, or participation in any social group. They spell out the least conditions required for human dignity and an acceptable life. Human rights have grown from the time they were established.
This paper examines the nature and degree of human rights violations in Iran. To this end, the writer of the paper conducted independent research on the reports of the human rights records of the Islamic Republic under study.
Human Rights can be understood as those underlying standards without which individuals cannot live in proper dignity as human beings. Human rights are specific moral guarantees that societies across the globe must respect as universal rights.
ng medical personals, media reports from 12 different areas in the Damascus region and trustworthy non-governmental organizations (The White house, 2013). The use of chemical weaponry was confirmed based on the immediate symptoms of those who were affected. According to media
Moreover, the story also elaborates the fact that despite the extreme brutality the love keeps its existence for ever. This introduction part of the essay covers the background of the story that includes the
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