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A reader is the witness, as to how the theme of manipulation is implemented at every turn of the plot of the novel. An important enemy of the Party is the past heritage of the country. Therefore, it wishes to destroy the memory of the past by all means. Its goal is to own total control—past, present and future. Every source of information is carefully re-written, the content is modified, documentary evidences and historical records are amended as per the current needs. The Party bars the members to keep records in writing relating to their lives and decrees that the photographs, if any and documents are destroyed through “memory holes” installed throughout Oceania. Memory is unreliable, no one is willing to accept it as documentary evidence, and the citizens have no other option but to believe the information tendered by the Party. This is the style of the Party for manipulating the past to control the present and future. 1984 by Orwell is the warning manual about the dangers of totalitarianism, how through manipulation, communist governments sustain and increase their political hold on the citizens. Access to Government departments and functionaries is extremely tough and about one such department, Ministry of Love, Orwell writes, “Even the streets leading up to its outer barriers were roamed by gorilla-faced guards in black uniforms, armed with jointed truncheons”. (Orwell, n. p.) Many intellectuals begin to think that communist principles are theoretically sound but they either ignore or not aware of the widespread cruelties and oppressions. The technological advancement helps the cause of the government. Manipulation through misinformation They say, when the lie is repeated from hundred platforms a thousand times, it becomes the truth. The Party uses the spiritual concept of controlling the mind, but the psychological stimuli designed by them creates negativities, and overwhelms the mind’s capability for self-regulating thought processes. He becomes the slave to the information broadcasted through the telescreens and the shortcomings of the Party are hyped as triumphs and successes. Orwell writes about one such warning board, “BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU, the caption beneath it ran”. (Orwell, n. p.)It is the sign of terror-cum-manipulation. It gives the strong impression that the controlling authorities are on scrutiny of the citizens always. The influence and fear of the Big Brother is so strong and Orwell writes, “Always the eyes watching you and the voice enveloping you. Asleep of awake, working or earing, indoors or out of doors, in the bath or in bed—no escape. Nothing was your own except a few cubic centimeters inside your skull”. (Orwell, n. p.) As part of destroying the past, family structure is attacked, and the children are designated as Junior Spies, to keep a watch on the movements of their parents as for locating the incidents of disloyalty to the Party. Orwell describes the style in which the young children are groomed to serve the interests of the Party. “The songs, the processions, the banners, the hiking, the drilling with dummy rifles, the yelling of slogans, the worship of Big Brother -- it was all a sort of glorious game to them. All their ferocity was turned outwards, against the enemies of the State, against foreigners, traitors, saboteurs, thought-criminals”. (Orwell, n. p.)This is the worst form of manipulation.
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