Date: Animal Testing and Rights Today we have progressed a lot in the field of biological sciences and the progress is not attributed to the researchers alone but also to the millions of animal lives lost or “sacrificed” in these scientific endeavors…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Download file to see previous pages
In fact, vivisection of small animals like frogs, rabbits and mice is not confined to sophisticated laboratories alone, but are also a part of school and college curriculum. Animals are also used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries to test drugs and cosmetics before market release. According to AWA reports, the U.S government estimated that the number of laboratory animals used in 2010 alone was about 1,136,567. “Precise figures for the number of rats, mice, birds and fish do not exist, but it is estimated that approximately 25 million of these animals are used every year” (animal Reports Animal Usage by Fiscal year, 1-2). Vivisection is not just using of animals for scientific purposes alone; it also involves the inhumane treatment meted out to them. They are kept in cages in dark laboratories, fed poorly and stored for experimentation alone. The lab animals are subjected to toxic testing, allergen testing etc which involves cruel treatment for the sake of testing alone and justify them on the grounds that Human feeling s and animals feeling have a difference (Ryder). While many researchers and vivisection enthusiasts may argue that animal testing is beneficial to humans, I shall discus as to why this should be stopped and alternatives adopted. Scientifically Unreliable Scientists and researchers who use animals for their research work often claim that the results procured and derived from these animal-test based experimentation is for the benefit of the human race. But in reality this is untrue and the results may be totally unreliable because the anatomy of humans and animals is drastically different and each species responds differently to a particular substance, this is the reason why thousands of drugs and cosmetics that pass the lab-animal test have often been withdrawn from the markets, solely because they were harmful to humans. Chemical testing is highly unreliable and this can be understood with a small fact that arsenic which is highly carcinogenic in humans rarely causes cancer in lab animals like mouse and rats. There is no evidence to prove that mice, rabbits and humans would react all the same to a certain chemical. Experimentation on animals is impractical and reveals negligible information about the human body and its response (Mur, 29). Furthermore, it is well known that the sensation of fear alters the biochemical processes of a living body and lab animals are in state of constant fear which may affect the results too. Hence, the results are not valid. ETHICALLY WRONG It is purely unethical to take advantage of speechless and helpless creatures and use them in the laboratories, inflicting intentional pain and fear among them in the name of human benefit. Science itself has proven that animals too like humans, are sentient. They can feel emotions like pain, fear, hunger, thirst etc, yet we deny animals their rights. Rifkin in his article reported about a study conducted in the Purdue University, U.S. where it was observed that’s pigs crave affection and attention and were depressed if denied so. The study strengthened the fact that animals did resemble humans in some form. The theory of Evolution states that Homo sapiens are linked to all other living creatures through evolution, yet somehow humans have taken the liberty to judge other living things and determine their value in Nature. There is nothing to determine whether inherent value of humans is higher than that of other living
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Many alternatives have been supported by the anti-test supporters including computer simulation model but they have been declined due to their inability to calculate all the variables that show up when an animal is used. As shown below there are many reasons why animal testing is still a practice more so in the cosmetic field in spite the criticism.
Test Essay Name: Institution: Test Essay Testing/User Testing Testing (software) is an analysis carried out to present stakeholders with facts concerning the quality of the product or service under investigation (Ammann & Offutt, 2008). Software testing can also give an objective, sovereign view of the software to permit the business to understand and acknowledge the risks of software realization.
According to the report animals are used the world over by scientists in their efforts at developing new medicines and testing both efficacy and safety of their medicines. In majority of the experiments, animals have to suffer excruciating pains while at the same time their quality of life is significantly affected in the negative.
The conclusion from this study states that animal welfare law covers the treatment of animals by their handlers during research, exhibition or transport. The laws cover the lowest acceptable standards of care that should be provided to the animals. Animal rights laws ensure just treatment of animal to ensure that they do not suffer.
Advancement in such vital sectors of the modern society as health arises from the success of animal testing. Before introducing any drug in the market for human use, medical researchers try such drugs on various animals
This study is centered towards analyzing various aspects of animal cruelty. "Animal cruelty" has been chosen as the research issue since it is associated with other forms of crimes occurring across the globe. In every country, animals are striving to live and prevent themselves from any form of harm.
Indeed, this practice has been in use from mid to late 1800s. In the early 1920s, the phenomenon of using live non-human animals to study the potential effects of toxics in an array of drugs came into use. The assumption is that the effects of such products on the animal used in the experiment are similar to that they would have on humans.
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Animal Testing and Rgihts"
with a personal 20% discount.