The Truman Doctrine: The Containment of Soviet Union and Communist Ideals and its Implications to the U.S. and Other Countries Name 25 January 2013 The Truman Doctrine: The Containment of Soviet Union and Communist Ideals and its Implications to the U.S…
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Truman requested for a $400-million economic aid for Greek and Turkish governments and a dispatch of American civilian and military personnel and equipment to these states (Office of the Historian, n.d.). This paper explores the doctrine, especially its causes, context, and effects for the U.S. and other countries. It also evaluates the advantages and disadvantages of the doctrine for primary stakeholders. The U.S. gained its major political objectives of dividing the world order and containing communism and Soviet Union influence, but the relations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, as well as among ideological parties, in the U.S. staled in the long-run because of the heightened fears against communism and radical political ideologies. Political and social currents and events affected the formation of the Truman Doctrine. In February 1946, Kremlin expert George F. Kennan sent his seminal “Long Telegram” to the State Department. Kennan assessed the Soviet Union’s policies and actions, and he recommended the “containment strategy” as a suitable response (Kennedy, Cohen, & Bailey, 2010, p.928). He asserted that only “firm and vigilant containment” could thwart Soviet Union’s flow of power into “every nook and cranny available to it” (Kennedy et al., 2010, p.928). ...
These ideas and sentiments that categorized the world into two polarized positions nurtured the ideas of democracy for the free peoples of the world that Truman expressed in his foreign policy doctrine. The immediate precursor to the doctrine, however, took place when Great Britain announced that it would stop providing financial support to Greece and Turkey (Merrill, 2006, p.31). Turkey’s problem seemed more urgent. Through the Yalta and Potsdam conferences, Stalin mentioned Soviet security needs to rationalize demands for joint control with Turkey of the Straits of the Dardanelles. The Dardanelles linked the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, and presented Russia with several water ports. After negotiations soured, Stalin dispatched troops near the Turkish border, and Turkey called Washington for assistance (Merrill, 2006, p.31). The Truman Doctrine is posed as an economic-military doctrine. President Truman requested $400,000,000 of aid to both the Greek and Turkish Governments, as well as the sending of American civilian and military troops and equipment to these countries, for the purposes of strengthening their military and economic resources and capabilities. He justified his request on two reasons. First, he stressed that a Communist conquest in the Greek Civil War would jeopardize Turkey’s political stability (Office of the Historian, n.d.). Conflict in Turkey could spill over the Middle East and become a larger problem in the long run (Office of the Historian, n.d.). Furthermore, Truman championed an ideological war. Like Niehbur, Truman asserted that almost all nations must “choose between alternative ways of life,” where one camp is
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The author states that Truman managed to ensure their participation in the founding conference of United Nations Organization in San Francisco by sending a special emissary Harry Hopkins to Moscow. However, the San Francisco Conference ended in June 1945 after most of its participating nations, including the Soviet Union.
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Both of these features were discussed in the Nixon Doctrine i.e. a presidential doctrine by the current president of that time, President Richard Nixon. The word doctrine here means a statement of official government policy, especially in external affairs and military strategy.
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Though they had been allies against the Fascist powers during the war, Stalin and the Soviet Union soon emerged as a threat to the greatest freedom that the United States held dear: democracy. In preaching communist values, Joseph Stalin represented a threat to not only the freedom of Americans, but also to the rest of the world.
This was at a time when Greece’s economy was crumbling and its political situation was steadily deteriorating, most significantly the National Liberation Front Communist-led insurgency. Turkey too was under intense pressure from the Soviet Union that wanted to take control of the strategic Dardanelle Straits.
The author states that American policy after the Truman declaration was always in favor of Turkey. As America never wanted the Soviet Union to grow bigger than it and the communist party to spread to other parts of the world, it decided to support Turkey. American foreign policy was thus aimed at promoting democracy.
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