The author states that the movies Sex and the City and Sex and the City 2 are defined by the concepts put forth by Simone de Beauvoir, in her book Second Sex (1973). She stated that the term “woman” is a term that is defined by culture…
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Just like women are defined by patriarchal culture, men are also defined by culture, and this culture is also patriarchal. Because of this, there is inevitably a dichotomy between the terms “female,” which is biological, and “woman,” which is cultural. Similarly, there is a difference between “male,” which is biological, and “man,” which is cultural (Bartky, 2003). Both of the movies Sex and the City and Sex and the City 2 demonstrate how this is true. That said, each of the movies actually turn the traditional cultural definitions of men and women on their head, for the most part, in that the women in these movies are independent and assume the masculine role in different ways. Meanwhile, the men, who definitely take a backseat in these movies, much as they do in the television series, often take the traditional female role in many ways. This is not to say that the portrayals of the men and women are not culturally driven, as women in modern culture often do take on masculine qualities and men take on feminine qualities. Nonetheless, in the Sex and the City world, with the one notable exception, turns traditional culture, as opposed to modern culture, on its head. Analysis of the movies The best way to explain how these movies turn traditional culture on their head would be easiest if one examines the different couples who are in these shows. Carrie Bradshaw is the focus of both of these movies, as she is in the actual television series upon which these movies are based. Bradshaw is a blend of masculine and feminine qualities, although the masculine qualities in Bradshaw outweigh the feminine qualities, as dictated by culture. Carrie is a writer, and is successful, having published several books. This would be a typical masculine characteristic – Carrie is a breadwinner, and she has zero interest in anything domesticated. She doesn't cook, she is never seen cleaning, and she has no interest in having children. On the other hand, Carrie's boyfriend, turned husband, Mr. Big, takes on some of the more traditionally feminine characteristics, at least in the second film. Mr. Big does cook, as he is seen cooking in the first film, and makes an anniversary dinner for himself and Carrie in the second film. Mr. Big also likes old-fashioned movies, especially It Happened One Night, which is a classic romantic comedy. In the first film, Mr. Big takes on more traditional masculinity however, than in the second film. This is because Mr. Big is seen as Carrie's caretaker, more than in the first movie. He literally buys her a super-expensive penthouse apartment, and constructs her dream closet. He is also responsible, in the first film, for the dramatic tension in the film, as he stands Carrie up at the altar (they later marry). This feeds into the stereotypical male who is afraid of commitment. He dictates how the two will be married – he wants a low-key ceremony, she wants an over-the-top ceremony, and the two end up getting married according to what he wants. Therefore, Mr. Big is a protector of Carrie, is a provider for Carrie, and dominates Carrie with his wishes in the first film. He more of a traditional male in this way. By the second film, however, Mr. Big is neutered and takes on more of a feminine image. This is the film where he forces Carrie to watch the female-centric film, It Happened One Night, and Mr. Big is shown as somebody who is more of a homebody.
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To start with, it is important to put forward the difference between sex and gender. The two terms have different meaning and the meaning of each borrows from different theories characteristic of feminist theories. The term sex refers to male or female based on biological features. On the other hand, the term gender denotes men and women as defined by social factors.
The author analyzes approaches to the issue of gender on the example of Kivel"s "Act-Like-a-Man box" work and Hur's "Why I am a Male Feminist" article. The writer uses the article to explain her reasons for taking the position of a feminist even though he is a male. There is a peculiar subject of gender stereotype that cuts across in both articles.
However, no matter how well-trained a counsellor or therapist is, it cannot be helped that he himself may have his own personal biases and issues that may crop up during sessions with some particular clients. Sometimes, there is something in the client that influences the counsellor’s unconscious feelings which may interfere with the counselling process.
Hence, gender is not natural. Same is with race. Race is not natural because it can be transformed through recreation by latest scientific practices. The theme behind the paper is that race and gender are society-driven traits of an individual, and are not natural.
Time, evolution, natural selection has essentially conditioned the minds and instincts of the two sexes. For instance, if a man had 10 wives he could have loads of children - his genes would be carried forward - the family name would be preserved. But this is not practicable for a woman.
The main idea of the work is that the Equal Pay Act 1970 (EPA) gives an individual a right to the same contractual pay and benefits as a person of the opposite sex in the same employment where the man and woman are doing. The author makes a conclusion that Sex Discrimination Cases should be viewed very seriously by the Tribunals.
biological peculiarities) of a person for a long period of time has been considered as a basis and a prime course of all psychological and social differences between men and women. In consequence of numerous researches it has become clear that from biological point of view there is much more sameness than differences between men and women.
The main problem is that the connection and the relation of sex and gender with advertising is a touch subject which must be seen in the related scheme of things before delved into any further. There needs to be a cultural context whenever necessary and all effort must be made to study the respective cases within their societal and ethical domains.