Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (people's) culture that prevails in a modern society. The content of popular culture is determined in large part by industries that disseminate cultural material, for example the film, television, and publishing industries, as well as the news media." (wikimedia.org)
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A feminist movement of the 70's makes a clear separation of sex and gender in the roles of the feminine and masculine as there are known up to this point; from then on sex defines the biological function and gender is defined by the construction of society and the norms that regulate it functions.
The aim of this paper is to discuss whether popular culture which defines the roles in society in the very end is capable of undermining the roles of the genders in society as these are defined. For this purpose examples are going to be laid out on the topic that sustain of reject this proposal and a research of academic papers and journal articles will be discussed.
The next section includes all the following starting with laying out the definition of the two terms and their role in the society. A small discussion and personal viewpoint follow in the last section where the summary is provided.
Schlegel in his book "Wisdom from a Rainforest" describes a unique experience. Among the forest Tedurays even if a buy is born he has the choice to live as a girl. Such a boy is termed among the members of the tribe as one-who-became-a-woman and is referred to as she (Diaz, Quevedo, OMI). This is a clear evidence that a physiological characteristics do not predetermine the lifestyle of the individual and furthermore, that there exists society where determination of the gender lies on the individual and is perfectly accepted by the member of the rest of the culture.
Schlegel himself on the phenomenon asserts that this experience gave the understanding that for the Tedurays the penis did not defines the gender of the person in the society but the function he played: the clothes that are worn, the way the hair is dressed, the every day activities and the social environment one comes in contact with and finally the way people address and perceive the person to function in their society. It is finally the acceptance of the rest of the society members of the role you declare that defines the gender, and the role, of the individual in the society.
Butler in "Bodies that Matter" (1993) also declares that sex does not determine gender; sex is the mere "performative" of the gender meaning it defines the biological function of the individual but not the function declarative.
Toril Moi, who has been elaborating on Butler, draws on the same line to propose that gender serves as a performative; "doing the gender" rather than "doing the sex".
All the above make two things clear; firstly that the sexual organs of the person merely declare what their function upon sexual reproduction is and second that there has always been the case of a clear distinction between the sexual reproduction organs and the identity the individual chooses to take up in the society. The physiological characteristics therefore one is born with do not determine the role they decide to take up in the society. The very differentiation of gender and sex determine that there is a unique meaning given to the morphology and social roles of the individual in every society. As every society is founded and defined by its culture gender and sex take up meaning that reflect
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(Can Popular Culture Subvert Gender Binarism Essay)
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Although, it has no set definition but, generally refers to a lifestyle characterized by the ‘culture of mass-consumption’ and contemporary ideas that pervades almost every aspect of the society through an unofficial consensus. It encompasses the widely accepted norms of the majority and is the mainstream of the culture taking heavy inspirations from the western, particularly American mass media.
The western world in the early and mid 20th century and the entire globe in the late and early 21st century, for instance, are popular cultures. Mass media has a very great influence on popular culture because it portrays what the people of a given culture think is right.
Films in particular can affirm the current system or attempt to subvert it, reflect popular values or attempt to change them. The depiction of race in media is one of these concepts which is worth studying. The history of race in media is a disappointing one even today – the recent Oscars ceremony was less racially diverse than the nominations of 1940 (Dargis and Scott, 2011), and although pioneering black actress Hattie McDaniel was given a tribute by Halle Berry at this ceremony, no mention was made of McDaniel's difficulties getting into Hollywood because of her race, nor of her black activism.
The show explores questions about society’s conflicting messages regarding diversity and “political correctness” It also shows the public’s growing willingness to embrace complex, self-referential humor and a structure that questions its own reality.
Just as the prisoners of the Bastille were tortured, physically and emotionally, vampires often are portrayed as tortured, as are their victims. Just as there were forbidden passions and loves during the French Revolution, vampires also embody this as well.
Popular culture today highly upholds the aspect of gender differences. It perpetuates the idea that women and men are different. Songs, films, self-help books, television talks, and television sitcoms, all address the concept of gender differences. Women are mostly presented stereotypically as people of simple minds, domesticated, and highly emotional.
New technology, combined with the expansion of leisure activity, created and established markets for cultural products and promoted consumption. And, as in other areas in modern business, the entrepreneurs who brought to mass markets recorded music, motion pictures, and paperback books eventually ceded their place to large corporations run by professional managers who produced, packaged, distributed, and promoted cultural products the world over, promoting popular culture.
This paper will analyze the way ethnic minorities, homosexuals as well as disabled people are perceived by the society and oppressed in indirect ways.
It was Collins who came up with the idea of controlling images
Accordinmg to the report the radical democratic theory requires that the youths who are normally actors and players to practice democracy by giving various opinions in what they do and say. The radical democracy assumes that the acts of consumption of cultural production are part of public domain.
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