Animal Testing in Medical Research Animal testing is a vital issue for medical researchers. It hastens the discovery of drugs and treatment and in many cases is the only possible way for such discovery that is necessary to cure diseases such as cancer and diabetes…
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However, the cons of animal testing include killing of countless animals for experimentation, huge costs incurred for feeding and caring for the animals, and unreliability of animal testing because many drugs may not function in the same manner on both human and animal bodies. Animal testing is a controversial topic and has been subjected to various misinformation and biased opinions. The paper tries to show both sides of the issue and keeps a positive stand regarding animal testing in medical research. Canadian Health Care Animal testing happens in all countries but in varying degrees. In Canada, animal testing is regulated by the Canadian Council of Animal Care (CCAC). Health Canada is responsible for the overall protection of the Canadian population, which includes protection against the harmful effects of a medication or drug. For this purpose, Canada supports animal tests for development of medicines and healthcare. Canada emphasizes minimizing the suffering of animals by using other available alternatives. Canada encourages “refinement, replacement and reduction techniques” in animal testing. The CCAC ensures that animals are tested in an ethical manner and under proper conditions. It also stresses that animals should be given as many care facilities as possible within the area of the experimental method. They must also be maintained in a humane manner when they are used. CACC also supervises the laboratories as well as the hygiene and medical needs of animals, and whether a proper dose of pain relievers is given to the animals. There are, however, many organizations in Canada, which oppose animal testing unless absolutely necessary for innovations of better medical facilities. Canada is ready to abolish animal testing if alternatives are discovered, which has yet not happened (Murnaghan, 2010). Pros of Animal Testing Animal testing in most cases ensures safety of use of medicines and products on human beings since they were first tested on animals before introducing them in the market. Knowledge gained from vivisection of animals in laboratories has helped the medical researchers to know more about cardiovascular diseases of human beings and as a result, there has been a decrease in human deaths due to this disease. Animals are used for research only when there is no alternative way. Animal testing also helps in preservation of the environment. Animals are treated in a humane manner during the course of experimentation. Although animal testing is not a flawless method to guarantee success, it nevertheless reduces the risk of experimentation on human body by ensuring a reasonable possibility of success (Khan, 2011, p. 202). Since human body is an extremely complicated machine, it is necessary for medical researchers to use tools that replicate this complexity. Human body has trillions of cells that work in incredible precision for proper working of all organ systems. In spite of various innovations such as cell cultures and computer models which are strong techniques in the war against human diseases, animals are the closest to replicating this complexity of human body. In the absence of animal tests, medical research would be highly hampered. To minimize the genetic difference between animals and human beings, researchers have invented many methods such as genetically altering animals so that they imitate more closely the human physiology. This has made it possible for scientists to perform those experiments on animals that are not viable on human body even without concerning
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Animals that are subjected to animal cruelty are abused and neglected, and they are often treated as something other than a living, breathing being. In the United States alone in the year 2010, over twenty-two thousand animals were victims of animal cruelty, with over six thousand animals dying from their injuries or their state of health brought on by the form of cruelty (Gianotto).
ated Effect Estimates by type of Defect, and Unadjusted Estimates (Ors) for Maternal Diabetes, Use of Multivitamin Supplements During the Periconceptional Period, and Selected Nonsyndromic Birth Defects (Correa, 2003).
It appears that the article and the researchers are very credible, but the report lacks complete information when it comes to reporting the results of the study.
The researchers need to test the animals to know more about the health problems and the probable diseases that may occur in the human body. This allows the researchers to know more about the genetics of humans and to develop new medicines. Animals are considered as a good research subject for some reasons:
rights, as a result of which those rights should be recognised within the framework of the law.1 Legislative provisions that currently exist are Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act2 and the Animal Research Act,3 with further provisions spelt out in the Australian Code of
Although animal testing is commonly done for research and investigative propose, and is funded collectively by the society it's ethical implication, scientific need and basis and psychological effect of testing on animals are issues bothering various animal right activists as well as the general public.
This presentation outlines how bride price for African women has affected the use of these women as clinical research specimens. The presentation will dwell on the reasons why African women- bride prices impact negatively on the consent derived for research. I will
The use of animals has been widespread across the world for the medical research and testing. There are a lot of health hazards and diseases which can be tested only on living beings. Before developing any treatment, the researchers have the duty of detecting the health problems associated with it.
Medicine is one area that has witnessed complimentary changes along with the technological advancement. There has been growing innovation of technological tools and equipment used in enhancing efficacy in the field of medicine. Worthy to note is the fact that technological advancements have revolutionized the field of medicine and even enhanced research in medicine.
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