Instructor Letter from Birmingham (Response Paper) Popularly referred as MLK, Martin Luther King is an inspiration to all cultures in the world and remains one of the most influential men even in death. In this regard, King’s views and beliefs on achievement of civil rights, which are similar to Mahatma Gandhi’s non-violent ideas, attracted disdain and respect on equal measures…
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Nevertheless, one assassination attempt cost his life although he remains an icon in the history of America and his written work is fascinating literary work. Martin Luther King’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” is powerful, compelling, and unwavering. In this regard, the letter indicates the astounding aptitude by King to show cruelty and adverse behavior towards minorities in America, which demonstrates King’s intelligence. All the way through the letter, a response to eight clergymen from Alabama, King did not deviate too far from his fight for parity towards African-Americans in Birmingham and equality to the rest of the world (Barnet and Bedau 292). In this case, King wrote the letter to remind the clergy from Birmingham of the importance of unity amongst them in order for them to attain the common goal of equality amongst the citizens of America. In effect, the letter did not look to fuel the embers of segregation in America. Instead, the letter addressed issues that King felt that the clergy from Birmingham failed to address in their letter to King. ...
saith the Lord’ message far beyond…and as Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus…I like Paul, I must respond to the Macedonian call for aid” (qtd. in Barnet and Bedau 294). This allusion shows the clergy and the reader of King’s intent and determination to ensure that the people of Birmingham and the rest of the country achieved equality. In addition, I find the allusion that refers to Biblical quotes enhance King’s character while, at the same time, it illuminates on a mutual bond between African Americans and the white clergy in Birmingham, which is the bond of religion. King’s brilliance in using rhetoric broadens his argument in order to ensure that widening subsets of the audience feels included in the letter, which I would like to refer as the nonreligious audience and the intelligence audience. In this case, King states, “Just as Socrates felt that it was necessary to create a tension in the mind…so must we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in a society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood (qtd. in Barnet and Bedau 296). In this regard, King manages to bring the nonreligious people into the discussion by adequately responding to concerns that I think fell out of the religious institution with a response based within the archetype of academic. Thus, none of the audience will feel alienated since King manages to change the discourse of the letter from the religious discourse it was taking for awhile. In effect, it becomes an all-inclusive discussion. King claimed that he went to Birmingham hoping “that the white moderates would see the need” for their cause in fighting for justice (qtd. in Barnet and Bedau 303). In this
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Name Instructor’s Name Course Date Argumentative Essay: Letter From a Birmingham Jail In the Letter From a Birmingham Jail written by Martin Luther King, Jr. while incarcerated in 1963, as a civil rights advocate, he was promulgating a supposed nonviolent direct action to fight injustices sustained by the African Americans during his time.
King was arrested for taking part in the Birmingham protests. However, it was a non-violent protest carried out by Martin Luther’s Southern Christian Leadership Conference against racial discrimination by Alabama’s city government and downtown retailers as well as the Alabama Christian Movement for civil rights.
Born in 1929, King experienced the worst of times when there was no equality with segregation as well as discrimination at their peak as he grew up and consequently became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led in boycotts and widespread matches in cities in a bid to secure recognition of rights held by African-Americans.
After reviewing and analyzing both letters in great detail, one is convinced that the letter of King was far effective in gaining the emotional, logical and ethical appeal of readers, and particularly of the addressee. The effectiveness was gauged in terms of King’s appropriate use of language, argumentative support, rebuttals and by disputing fallacies and unsubstantiated contentions.
This letter this famous preacher wrote in response to the appeal, in which the clergy characterized the activities of black activists as "unreasonable" and the late, criticized activists for organizing demonstrations, spoke approvingly about the city authorities and the police.
Martin Luther King, Jr. is a prominent person in American history due to his achievements in campaigns for justice and equality among races. He was born in 1929 to a Baptist minister at Atlanta, Georgia and was ordained at the age of eighteen. He studied at Morehouse College, went to Boston university and Chicago.
Moreover, being a clergyman he undertook many activities to safeguard the rights of the blacks. The “Letter from Birmingham” is the clear evidence reflecting the active involvement of Luther in protecting the rights of the blacks residing in America. The universal truth of cause and effect is vivid in the context of writing this letter, for he writes this letter with a particular intension.
Martin Luther King’s letter was actually an effort to criticize the church and the white moderators, and to defend himself from such accusations. With this regard, this paper seeks to analyze the way King uses various appeals in his letter: appeals to reason (logos), appeals to emotion (pathos), and appeals based on his character (ethos), and the significance of using these appeals in preaching love and justice which are the central elements of Martin Luther King’s letter.
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