Islamism and Terrorism It is undeniable that terrorism has been synonymous with Islamism. Indeed, a lot of controversy looms concerning terrorism and Islam. Whereas many acts of terrorism are believed to have been instigated by people of Islamic origin, it is also true that Islam does not all terror activities…
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This paper seeks to refute this controversial claim by supporting that Muslims are not terrorists. Undeniably, there have been extreme cases of terror attacks in different parts of the world. Most of these terrorist attacks, if not all, have been associated to Islam. Islamic terror group referred to as al-Qaida supposedly did the infamous September 11 attack. However, controversy theories have refuted these claims and posited that the September 11 attacks were conducted out of the realms of Islam. Terrorism refers to acts of violence or otherwise that are meant to pressurize a ruling regime to act in favor of the terror instigators. Although the definition of terrorism varies widely, it can be generally agreed that terrorism has a political orientation. Most of the terrorist attacks that have happened in recent times have been directed towards political leadership regimes. Terrorism may be a physical act such as the September 11 attack or it may be non-physical such as cyber terrorism. Largely, physical terrorism has been associated with radical Islamism. Whenever there is a potential terror threat, Muslims are always the first prime suspects. Actually, a large number of Muslims have been questioned or detained in various parts of the world as being suspects of terror. On the other hand, the Muslim community has heavily contested involvement in terror activities claiming that it is in fact against their religious beliefs. According to the Muslim community, Allah is against killing of innocent people. Indeed, “Terrorizing innocent people is not acceptable in Islam, it is totally against the religion” (Abdullah, 2007). More notably, the jihad is also not holy although it is justified. They believe that the world is supposed to live in peace and harmony despite the differences in religious affiliations. Muslims contest that most terror instigators hide behind the curtains of Islamic religion to pursue their inhumane interests. Although they support martyrdom and jihad, they are solidly unified against terrorism. However, the characteristics of radical Islamism are quite similar to characteristics of terrorisms and perhaps the primary reason why the controversy over the relationship between Islam and terrorism exist so strongly. Therefore, differentiating between radical Islamism and Islamic terrorism becomes difficult. Despite the similarities between them, terrorism and radical Islamism are certainly different. Accordingly, radical Islamism is not democratic in nature and does not, in any way take advantage of political or democratic loopholes in the society to express their dissatisfaction. Instead, radical Islamism seeks to express their faith in religion by use of religious platforms and means. Their acts are religiously propelled and as such do not use terrorism as a means of communicating their dissatisfaction. This concludes us that neither Islam nor radical Islamism is synonymous to terrorism. Even the violent activities of radical Islamism do not count towards terrorism. The two oppositions on clarity of definition of the term terrorism make the issue complicated. However, there is overwhelming evidence supporting that Islam is indeed not synonymous with terrorism. More clearly, Islam is not associated with terrorism. According to leaders of North American Islamic organizations “As American Muslims and scholars of Islam, we wish to restate our conviction that peace and justice constitute the basic principles of the Muslim faith. We
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It is a controversial concept often used by state authorities or individuals enjoying state support to delegitimize political opponents, as well as legitimize the state’s use of armed force to subdue opposition. From this, it is evident that terrorism has been used by several political organizations to advance their objectives.
The Red Brigades is primarily consists of two groups emerging during that time: the Trento group headed by Curcio that were believed to have been originated by the sociology department of the said university; on the other hand, the Reggio Emilia group, the one whom Franceshini belongs and a member of the Communist Youth movement.
Radical Islamism has evolved into a global Jihadi movement that spreads violence in the name of Islam, although this form of Islamism itself is heterogeneous enough to elude any generalization of its means and goals. Husain, in Chapter ten of Global Islamic Politics, describes the history of Afghanistan as a nation, which is struggling to become unified.
For the essay, a biography was used for points of views of the Islam faith; while a face-to-face interview with a Catholic practitioner was used for Christian views of the characteristics identified. Distinct differences come in terms of various key elements with similarities only on the following accounts: birth of Jesus and his second coming.
Political events emerged in the Muslim world during the 1970s. Esposito (1987) while analysing the then political extravaganza mentions in his book, "Contrary to accepted norms of political development, with its secular presuppositions, and the expectations of many analysts, religion did not recede in the Muslim world but rather reemerged in the politics of countries such as Iran, Pakistan, Egypt, Afghanistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and Malaysia".
The trend-setters just do not appear to be realizing this aspect. This violence is becoming not only infectious but also professional to a great extent. How this situation has emerged Why terrorism is still a continuously growing phenomenon despite the so-called "war on terrorism" and "zero tolerance to terrorism" What after all terrorism is What are the different perspectives on terrorism Are terrorist having any special characteristics Can terrorism be defined What are diverse and different views and analyses in this matter
on the United States of America shook the whole world and an awareness of the notion “Terrorism’ finally barged right into people’s lives as the biggest threat to Human life. Having said that, people always tend to forget that “Terrorism’ is not a discovery dated
It was on 7th August, 1998 the U.S. embassies in these countries were attacked. The explosion outside the U.S. embassy in Nairobi, Kenya took place at 10:30 a.m. in the form of a massive truck explosion. Another truck bomb exploded outside the U.S. embassy in Dar es Salaam, the capital of neighbouring Tanzania.
that the ability of globalisation to have an impact on society tends to come about through many avenues such as politics, business, as well as cultural influence. The impact of globalisation on diverse areas of Middle Eastern society has been quite significant especially when
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