Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act (or the DREAM Act) is a proposed legislation in the United States, which is aimed at immigration reform that can be considered as one of the various immigration-related bills that were presented to the law making bodies of the country at the federal level…
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Background: According to the website Dream Act of 2009, the proposal legislation “is a long anticipated Immigration Bill which was just introduced in the US Congress (both Senate and House) on March 26, 2009. This original legislation was proposed to provide millions of immigrant children who graduate from U.S. High Schools the opportunity to receive U.S. Residency (a "Green Card") after so many years of being left in the shadows by State and Federal laws.” This innovative legislation would render immigration benefits to several young individuals who are presently considered as illegal migrants in the country. And this is the very reason that why several law makers and analysts oppose this bill. For example, reputed immigration policy analyst Krikorian has asserted that “all amnesties have at least three harmful consequences, and the DREAM Act ignores all three. The first of these is massive fraud. Perhaps one-fourth of those legalized under the 1986 Immigration Reform and Control Act received amnesty fraudulently, including Mahmud Abouhalima, a leader of the first World Trade Center attack.” Hence, review of immigration enforcement is a precondition to the enactment of the proposed DREAM Act. Thesis Statement: The DREAM Act can benefit both the US economy and the young immigrants in the country provided that immigration enforcement within the provisions of the proposed Act is properly implemented and fraudulent practices are prevented. Analysis Benefits: The DREAM Act seeks to legalize the undocumented youth and young adults in the country if they fulfill certain educational criteria and effort to obtain college graduation. From an economic viewpoint, legalization of unauthorized students can be an important incentive for them to work hard and graduate from a high school. This will improve their chances of obtaining higher education. Ultimately, the overall number of college graduates in the country will increase. College graduates obtain higher salaries and hence they will yield higher tax revenues as well. The increased financial contribution of the legalized educated immigrants will repay the necessary educational investments within a few years. Thereafter, the system would provide a profit to the tax payers for several decades. “The impact of legalization would not be limited to increased earnings, tax revenues, and social services savings. In a stable economy, such legalization would enable thousands of young immigrants to join the legal workforce, helping businesses and the economy fill crucial needs.” (Perez, xxix) Apart from benefiting the economy in a holistic way, DREAM Act will stop the exploitation of the unauthorized students in a cash economy. Forced, illegal labor will be prevented and better life standards will be ensured. Immigration Enforcement: According to the DREAM Act of 2009 Sec. 5 (c) and (d), if the youths and young adults (who arrived in the United States before 16 years of age) have graduated from the country’s high school, achieved a GED, and are pursuing a college degree (or rendering military service), they can be given permanent residency (there are several other residential, moral, and gender specific conditions too). Moreover, these potential citizens should be aged between 12 to 35 years at the time of the bill enactment. In this way, the educational requirements enforced by the DREAM Act already make the citizenship criteria even under amnesty rather strict. The way the American institutions work, only the best of the young aliens will be able to pass the education benchmarking provided by the proposed Act. Thus “
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(“The DREAM Act Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
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(The DREAM Act Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“The DREAM Act Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/english/1441875-the-dream-act.
It was first brought to the House in 2001, and has been re-introduced a number of times later in subsequent sessions with failure; despite the high hopes in Obama’s election, the house passed the bill in 2007, 2010, and 2011, but the senate has always blocked it with fewer supportive votes (DREAM Activist, dreamactivist.org).
More than 3 million youth graduate annually from high schools across the United States (Welner andWendy 58). However, approximately 65,000 of these are undocumented students (59). These belong to what is known as 1.5 generation. 1.5 refers to the first generation of immigrants who were brought to the United States when they were young.
However, because they are labeled illegal immigrants - which is not their fault because they did not choose to come to come to America on their own – they have very little opportunity to test their dreams and prosper in this great nation. Instead, they
However, the children of illegal immigrants to qualify for dream act must have to comply with certain rules and criteria. When all the requirements of the Dream Act are met by the candidate, then the minor is given permission to stay in the country for
Due to the fact that many of these young illegal immigrants were brought to the United States through no fault of their own (by the parents or guardians at that time), they have been unduly punished with the
ng immigrants would be required to have graduated from United States high schools, to have arrived in the United States as minors, and must have been residing in the United States for a minimum of five years before the introduction of the bill. In addition, if these qualifying
They have to prove that they have either attended college or served in the military for a period of not less than 2 years (Miranda). The young people will also need to prove that have never engaged in any criminal activities throughout their stay in the country.
Pundits see it as a bill that promotes illegal immigration, injures the immigration system, and serves as an ‘amnesty program’. In contrast, its supporters argue that it presents a number of economic and social benefits.
Although the DREAM Act