Augmented essay on opposing the Libertarians position on the welfare state. Student enter the Name and Code Number University or College Name of Professor 12th December, 2011. Part. 1: Introduction Should welfare state have morality as defined in the libertarian position?…
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Morality is the basic feature defined when it comes to living in a society. For well being it is a basic principle. Morality as defined by the libertarianism is the view that no harm is done to anyone without having any body which is above all in it i.e. God. According to Dostoevsky (1981, p.70), if there is no God then everything is admissible but libertarians reject this thought by setting up a moral or political system which emphasizes on “not harming others”. This contradicting system of theirs generates resistance towards libertarian position in a welfare state. Part. 2: Welfare state and Libertarianism A welfare state is the one that works for and thinks for the well being of the people who live in it. Libertarianism is not chaos but there are some flaws in it which I have discussed below. Moreover, libertarianism is something that deals with majority but people who reside in a state need rights individually. There are times in life when morality according to the libertarians cannot be exercised. A welfare state should exercise philosophies which are beneficial for all the people residing in it and not only segments. 2.1: Rights of ownership: Libertarianism and Welfare State According to Daskal (2010, p. 23-24), libertarianism are principles which are used to conclude about questions related to justice and is used to conclude about private properties. Libertarianism’s framework involves two fundamental ideas. The first one is that there is natural or “full self-ownership” and the second is that justice to the social institutions which are required for the natural ownership rights of an individual. Daskal (2010, p.21-22) also states an example that if someone has the rights of his property and wealth and does not distribute it to anyone then it is not just to the poor people in the state hence the state puts tax on the people. This taxation in libertarian approach is similar to theft or slavery. As the person who has the possession of his property does not have full control and command over his assets. The adaption of libertarian framework constrains the set of admissible redistribution regarding the social institutions. Machan (1997, pp. 134) discussed that Sterba’s point of view in this regard. According to her if full ownership exists in a state then it is not a welfare state in nature because welfare states work for the benefit of the whole society and not for majority. For example taxation is a good thing as government collects money to invest on other institutions, it benefits poor as well by giving them fixed amount of money or charity. The fundamental ideas of libertarianism are criticized by philosopher Nussbaum that dependency in human life is apparent even at infant level. Humans are social beings and they cannot live separated by their surroundings. According to Nussbaum the start of the libertarian approach is not correct as one cannot be thought of an independent agent because humans depend on one another for living life (Daskal, 2010, 20). In welfare state rights of ownership do not reside with the individual. Different institutions work for the society. People do have right over some property but government also has right over other properties, by using them they can also give space to the poor to live in and support other welfare programs. 2.2: Types of Libertarianism Libertarianism is a mixture of left
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