Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Animal Farm by George Orwell are the best books if it is necessary to study the negative impact of communism upon human life. Both the books under consideration are dystopia novels; they satirize society…
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Both the books under consideration are dystopia novels; they satirize society. Moreover, both the authors tried to demonstrate an idea of a society in a repressive and controlled state; they also touched upon the theme of propaganda in their writings. Leaders of such societies also have to create something to keep order and obedience, to make people live in a certain way. It is giving drugs to the citizens in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and strict order in Animal Farm by George Orwell. Although Aldous Huxley and George Orwell gave birth to the books belonging to the same genre, they applied different ways to demonstrate the consequences of living in a so-called “ideal communistic society”. It should be stressed that the books under analysis have prototypes. There is one in Brave New World and two in Animal Farm. The leaders introduced to the audience by Huxley and Orwell existed in real life. Thus, Snowball and Napoleon in Animal Farm stand for Trotsky and Stalin. The director of hatcheries and conditioning in Brave New World reminds of Stalin as well. The books demonstrate people’s life under constant control of their leaders. ...
Pigs become the ruling animals in the farm. This book does not only show the dystopia of communistic society; here the author also demonstrates love for power and attempts to get it. Thus, Snowball and Napoleon are in constant conflicts because both of them are eager to be leaders in the farm. The leaders get an opportunity to have other lifestyle than all other animals; they apply the abuse of language and the abuse of power to keep order in the farm. However, making everybody to obey leaders, the latter do not stop constant opposition and straggles for power. Orwell used the following lines to demonstrate conflict situation between Snowball and Napoleon: “At this there was a terrible baying sound outside, and nine enormous dogs wearing brass-studded collars came bounding into the barn. They dashed straight for Snowball, who only sprang from his place just in time to escape their snapping jaws” (Orwell, 46). This confrontation between Napoleon and Snowball fully describes the relationship between Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Napoleon losing support from other animals in the farm uses dogs to get snowball’s power. He behaves the same way as Stalin, who tended to act behind the scenes. Huxley’s Brave New World is not just a dystopia; it is also a science-fiction novel. Each character of this book is characterized in close connection with the society people live in. It is necessary to stress that not people, but Brave New World itself becomes the main character of the novel. Although the society depicted by Huxley is also based on communistic ideas; here are ten leaders instead of two (as in Animal Farm). They are called World Controllers. They control every sphere of human life. This is easily seen from this quotation: “when the
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It is fundamental to recognize that the novelist makes use of these characters in order to establish that the leaders as well as the followers in a society can act in various ways that destroy freedom and equality of the individuals in the society. Thus, the novelist is focused on bringing out the relationship between leaders and followers in the social setting, and the key characters in the novel are used as instruments to disclose this relationship.
People in this society are genetically engineered into a rigid caste system and programmed for group-think, while being conditioned to be proud, happy workers whose only goal is the good of society. People are also brought up in what is known as “State Conditioning Centers” to idolize a mysterious founder named “Ford”, and promote the societal norm of "community, identity, stability" (Huxley 1).
Both writers used their characters as a mouthpiece for expressing their ideas. Both the writers were fierce opponents of political oppression and social injustice and that was well grounded in their own life experience. The books successfully used propaganda by the powerful manipulation of language to cause distractions in the minds of listeners.
While each book creates different realities within their plots, the underlying tone of the dangers of totalitarianism connects the novels together through the link of demonstrating how overbearing governments can destroy society. The following paragraphs will discuss how the totalitarianism influences in each text relate to one another.
The paper will draw attention to this theme used in Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Animal Farm by George Orwell. There is a strong element of projecting a world where the few in power manipulate language to control the masses by the use of technology, dishonesty through distortion of rhetoric and by class stratification. In both the novels, there is struggle for power and wealth, for survival and diktat through jousting.
The author insists that the main theme is, Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects individuals. According to the theme of this paper, scientific research is not all about good things or advantages but there are some little disadvantages attached to it.
Considering Huxley’s predictions of the world in the future, the readers cannot help but wonder to what extent the writer has managed to get them right, how much the future thought up by an imaginative mind matches that of the reality.
In both works state uses these methods to control population, desires and social relations. THX 1138 and Brave New World both explore the dangers of mind control and manipulation through drugs and technology in the tradition of dystopian literature.
Dystopian literature gives the false impression of utopian societies but as the plot moves along it becomes clear that repression of human rights, mind and physical control merely mask widespread unhappiness and unrest.
Even human beings are mass produced and are conditioned - in neo-Pavlovian style -in the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Center to form emotionless social norms. Among the two main characters, Bernard Marx is the nervous, cowardly, perplexed and critical Alpha-Plus, who is initially a little hesitant but ultimately follows the rules; and John "The Savage" is the outsider whose moral disdain, revulsion and fright for the "New World" society leads him to commit suicide.
The author states that the story opens in London, approximately six hundred years in the future, commonly referred to as “After Ford.” The novel opens in a medical laboratory where the Director of Hacheries and Conditioning is taking some boys through a laboratory where human beings are being artificially developed.
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