Name Professor Module Date Learning Disabilities: Nature, Treatment and School Compensation Strategies The extent and impact of learning disabilities is only appreciated now after spending numerous years in the backseat in respect to healthcare and education policy…
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3 million school-going children are suffering from these difficulties with 27% of them dropping out of school early. 48% of them also fail to find employment later in life (Kenyon 14-15). NIH (2011) reckons that about 9% of Americans under the age of 18 have some type of learning disability. Hence, there is the need for more discussion and generation of information, which justifies this study. The nature of learning disabilities, their different kinds, signs and symptoms and treatment will be explored. This is followed by a discussion of the steps that schools undertake to compensate for learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities There are several definitions of what learning disabilities are. However, all of them essentially point to the same underlying concept. Lyon et al. (261) define learning disabilities using the concept of unexpected underachievement. This brings about the meaning that learning disability is a failure in listening, speech, reading, writing and development of mathematical skills in a manner commensurate with the individual’s potential even after provision of adequate opportunity to learn. According to the NIH (2011), learning disabilities are disorders that have the potential to affect an individual’s ability to understand. ...
the extent of misunderstanding that accompanies learning disabilities, it is necessary to move beyond definitions and undertake several key clarifications about learning disabilities. To begin with, learning disabilities do not translate to below average IQ. Instead, such individuals just process information differently from the rest of the population and hence are not adequately responsive to the general system of education and to the traditional system of special education. They also do not mean mental retardation, and are also not autism, hearing and sight impairments, emotional disturbances and physical disabilities, which explain their lack of response to traditional special education (Kenyon 4). Fallacies and misunderstanding alongside a general lack of awareness are responsible for such perceptions. Proof of the difference between intelligence problems and learning disabilities can be drawn from the considerably gifted or high academic capability individuals who have learning disabilities (Reis, McGuire and Neu 123-134). Some of these individuals include several high profile individuals who are known to have had learning disabilities like Winston Churchill, Alexander Graham Bell, Walt Disney, Tom Cruise, and Whoopi Goldberg (TIS 1). Attention Deficit Disorder is not a part of learning disability but is also accompanied by interference in learning and academic difficulties. ADD coexists with learning disabilities in about 50% of the individuals. Another area that needs clarification is that learning disability refers to a group of disorders and not a single disorder. The term is generic and representing heterogeneous disorders hence accompanied by varied symptoms (Kenyon 3). The causes of learning disorders remain unclear and are the subject of much study to
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