At first glance, the literary works of A Brave New World, written by Aldous Huxley in 1932, and King Lear, written by Shakespeare over four centuries past, look and even feel absolutely different from one another. One introduces readers to a futuristic “utopian” society, a society where being alone or being an individual is generally inconceivable…
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Some citizens have made the choice not to live this way; others are considered “savages”. Both groups are made to live separately from society, either on islands or on far-off, restricted “reservations” (Huxley 101). In contrast, the story of King Lear, set in England in the 17th century, gives the story of King Lear, a king whose thoughts of dividing his kingdom and then living out his days with one of his loving daughters are rudely interrupted, as he begins a long, slow slide into a world of madness, while plots against him swirl as others attempt to gain power through their own devices and interests. King Lear and his family are not the only victims in this story, as bitterness and greed cause characters around him to vie for power. Both A Brave New World and King Lear, while being on the whole very different stories, share many tragedies, including parental abandonment, madness, and exile of characters, while the tragedy and suffering of characters ultimately leads readers to catharsis, as those tragedies play out to their respective conclusions. Both A Brave New World and King Lear share parental abandonment, as both stories have parents that abandon their children willingly, but for different reasons. Linda, a woman who became pregnant in the “civilized world” and eventually gave birth to John the Savage, is forced to live on the “savage reservation” due to having committed what is known in this world as an atrocity, as babies are not born, they are “decanted” (Huxley 18). She has thus become the mother of the John the Savage, but cannot deal with this reality and abandons him for drugs, wishing nothing more than the "mescal" that a man named Pope brings to her (Huxley 125). When she is returned to what she calls the “Other Place”, she only wants the drug “soma” that is freely dispensed to the people, ravishing herself in the wonders of taking “holiday after holiday” (Huxley 154). John the Savage, her only child, is left to make his own way, both on the reservation and after. On the reservation, he suffers as a little boy from the remarks that the other children make about his mother, and from witnessing her being beaten by women whose husbands have slept with Linda (Huxley 165). He grows up in a solitary, lonely and bewildered existence, wondering why Linda does not love him (Huxley 167). King Lear also contains parental abandonment. Cordelia, the youngest daughter of King Lear, is asked by her father to tell him how much she loves him. Cordelia, who has been contemplating whether to tell him the truth or not, refuses to lie, telling him “That lord whose hand must take my plight shall carry, half my love with him, half my care and duty; sure I shall never marry like my sisters, to love my father all” (I.i.103-107). King Lear is at first shocked, but then tells everyone present: “Here I disclaim all my paternal care, Propinquity and property of blood.” (I.i 115-118). Like Linda, King Lear has abandoned his child, though Lear does so not for drugs but because he does not believe that Cordelia loves him. Lear comes to regret his mistakes later, but is completely hard-hearted towards his daughter, as Linda was towards John. Fortunately, Lear finds forgiveness from Cordelia before things are
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King Lear shows man as a cruel being, and his society rife with lies and deception. King Lear’s two daughters, Goneril and Regan professed their love for their father but once they got what they wanted, they forgot their promises, tried to bribe him into letting go of all his staff, and left him out in the storm when he refused.
The three protagonists in the plays are found to be tragic heroes according to the definition of Aristotle. In Brave New World, John the savage is the tragic hero who is a typical character endowed with strange qualities that distinguish him from other characters in the novel.
In the ‘Brave New World’ the elements of irony is found in his plot construction, his characterization, and his presentation of situation and the structure of the novel. The choice of the title ‘Brave New World’ itself is ironical. The world presented by him is neither ‘brave’ nor ‘new’, but simply disgusting.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that King Lear, Edmund, and the Director are brought into mention with dramatic irony, while situations throughout both stories have ironic results and meanings. The spoken word throughout both also conveys irony from character to character and even situation to situation.
Considering Huxley’s predictions of the world in the future, the readers cannot help but wonder to what extent the writer has managed to get them right, how much the future thought up by an imaginative mind matches that of the reality.
People and in particular readers of fiction will always want happy endings in real life as well as in fictional stories. However, when viewed from the perspective of creators or authors of fictional works, tragic endings and thereby tragic stories will only make a deeper imprint in the minds of the readers.
In other cases, as in the example of Aldous Huxley’s Brave New World, the connection is less pronounced and more nuanced, but still pervasive upon analysis. In fact, when considering Aristotle’s definition of tragedy as the presentation of a series of events that are “serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude” so that they work to purify emotions and inspire fear and pity in the reader (10), Huxley’s story of Savage John comes to represent an almost archetypical version of the tragic hero, in the same way that Shakespeare’s Lear has been traditionally viewed.
Literature reflects this conflict between individual and society which becomes a threat to an existing social order. King Lear, Brave New World and The Crucible are few examples from literature which show disintegration in social order .Social institutions like religion, family and government reflect order in society.
A Comparative Essay on Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Animal Farm by George Orwell It is very important to learn lessons from history and take them into consideration in order to avoid the same mistakes in our contemporary society. Brave New World by Aldous Huxley and Animal Farm by George Orwell are the best books if it is necessary to study the negative impact of communism upon human life.
The author insists that the main theme is, Brave New World is not the advancement of science as such; it is the advancement of science as it affects individuals. According to the theme of this paper, scientific research is not all about good things or advantages but there are some little disadvantages attached to it.
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