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Brave New World by Aldous Huxley - Book Report/Review Example

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The novel, Brave New World (first published in 1932) by Aldous Huxley (1894-1963), portrays the abuse of science in order to create an ultra-modern dehumanized society so that the state is in total control over the society. The birth of the "brave new world", (the title taken from Shaksepeare's play, Tempest) is calculated from the day the T-series automobile was launched by Ford, bringing forth the era of mass production…
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Brave New World by Aldous Huxley
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Download file to see previous pages John thus becomes the modern tragic hero and is a warning to what modernity, conditioning and mass production can do to a humane, feeling man.
The aim of the Hatchery is to churn out "generalities", that is people without individualities so that the status quo - "stability" is the motto of the state - can be maintained. It is assumed that the utopia of happiness can be brought about by increased production and consumption. The near religious belief in technology is the pillars of the state and its stability. And to achieve stability, rigorous conditioning of the mind is necessary. The caste structure, in which the Alpha and Beta are the rulers of the society and the Gamma, Delta and Epsilon are the laborers, is also created with specific tools. Because of the conditioning - prenatal and post-birth - people are unable to behave in any manner other than that they are designed for. They are conditioned to hate books, flowers and nature but to love country sport, like the "Centrifugal Bumble-Puppy" using complicated machines, and transportation. Any reference to terms like "father", "mother" or family are embarrassing and considered pornographic in this world order of technologically driven life. "History is bunk", the World Controller, His Fordship Mustapha Mord, quotes Ford, rationalizing why children are not taught history in this world.
The novel, though a parody of H.G. Well's Time Machine written in the midst of the Great Depression and the birth of fascism, is an indictment on capitalism and mass production, where individualism, emotions and humane qualities are things past (Firchow, n.d). The satirical tone of the novel describes the scientific achievements of human cloning, rapid maturation and prenatal conditioning that together replace live birth, human interface and family bonding, evoking a dystopia (or anti-utopia) over excessive emphasis on technology and production.
In the first six chapters of the novel, Bernard Marx is a misfit in the depicted society. Bernard seems to be the last remnant of what we know as humanity - exuding emotions, love and repulsion for the technology-driven process of life and death. Bernard is an Alpha plus (the highest position in the class system) psychologist who is considered an outcast in the World State because of the accidental injection of alcohol in his fetus in his pre-natal stage. His physical and mental departure from the conventional norms are considered suspect. Initially, Bernard voices his differing opinion, giving the impression that he is here to change the world but his protests are weak. He is elated when Lenina, the Assistant Predestinator, who offers him to "have her" for some time, accepts his offer to go to the Savage Reservation with him although he is embarassed of her declaring her acceptance in public - considered the right thing for brave new worlder to do to make private things public. At the Savage Reservation, he finds John the Savage, the son of Linda, whom the Director had left behind twenty five years ago and who could not return to the World State ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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