As human civilization has passed through different stages, social norms have also changed through the years. However, the issue of morality as applied to specific human behavior and actions continues to be a subject of debate. …
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Conversely, amoralizing implies adopting a neutral stand about the issue. That is, to refrain from making moral reflections about an action. Human beings are psychologically tuned to impart a moral judgment to most actions that they undertake or encounter. As human society has progressed, the socially accepted norms have undergone changes too. Practices that were considered immoral in the earlier society have gained acceptance in the modern world. This paper attempts to investigate these concerns regarding the issue of child labor.
Steven Pinker argues in his essay “The Moral Instinct” that our moral reflections on people and actions are often guided by age-old belief systems of society. The moral sense of a person is a bit different from his other senses. Morality is a state of the mind which can be turned on and off like a switch. In normal circumstances, under the influence of his usual senses, a man normally judges the agreeability or the prudence of an action. When a person tunes on his “moral sense switch” he is controlled by completely different mindset. Then he is encouraged to judge the righteousness of actions and events. Morality judgments are usually found on universally accepted norms of human behavior. The moral sense is an innate sense of righteousness that people are born with. There is also a universal agreement about the fact that that there should be punitive measures for persons undertaking immoral acts. There have been “culture wars” in society between the liberal people and the conservatives regarding the classification of specific human behavior as moral or immoral. The modern trend is to classify actions as immoral or amoral. Immoral actions are those which are lacking in morality while amoral actions warrant the adoption of a neutral stance in favor of them. For example, smoking which was considered as amoral for a long time is now thought of as an immoral action. On the other hand, “divorce, illegitimacy, use of marijuana etc. are now regarded as amoral actions. It is not possible to pass moral judgments about them without considering each case in the light of its background. (Pinker 1, 2) A child is defined as a person under the age of 18 years. Children are engaged in a number of tasks and activities all around the world. Not all instances can be regarded as child labor. Any work that is detrimental to the physical and mental growth of children and prevents them from enjoying their childhood can be termed as child labor. It adversely affects the dignity of the child and robs him of his potential early in life. However, children also engage in activities like aiding their parents at home, helping in a family business, engaging in summer jobs during school vacation and earning pocket money etc. These actions contribute to the overall development of the children and towards the well-being of their families and help them to hone their skill and expertise. In fact, these constructive activities help children to be become future productive citizens of the society. Therefore, it is very important to distinguish between the kinds of activities that children are engaged in. (International Labour Office, 16) Child labour has been a common phenomenon of the developing economies of the world. In 1990, the International Labor Office (ILO) estimated that there were 78 million children under the age of 15 who were engaged in economic activities. According to estimates of the UNICEF (United Nations International Children’s Education Fund), in 1991 there were 80 million children between 10 to 14 years who were engaged
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24). Success in merging the two country’s business practices depends upon how well the managers of each country are able to overcome the cultural differences (Brooke, 1986, p. 225). Elashmawi (2001) refers to this as “cultural competency,” and this is crucial if the Volvo company wants to gain a competitive edge (Elashmawi, 2001, p.
Political and Cultural Consequences of Neo-Liberalism.
The word neo-liberalism can be rooted from globalisation. The term neo-liberalism could also imply fundamentalism, and these two terms are in most cases interchangeably used. Neo-liberalism can be defined as a conjecture of political economics, which holds that the ultimate wellbeing of people can only be improved through liberating their individual entrepreneurial skills.
The discussion will emphasise on critically discussing the findings of the article titled ‘Hofstede’s model of national cultural differences and their consequences: A triumph of faith - a failure of analysis’ with comparison to another similar articles based on Hofstede’s model which shall be highly beneficial in understanding the rudiments of national cultural distinctiveness.
The theory describes the effect of a social set up’s culture on the values of the members present and how these values relate to behavior. The theory engages five types that include an individualism-collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity-femininity, power distance, long-term orientation, and indulgence versus self-restraint (Ball et al., 2005).
The author analyzes the dominant cultural discourse originating from the United States and other imperialist metropolises and spreading through the new media. He revises the cultural imperialism thesis without loosing its original vigour, from the standpoint of such earthshaking changes confronting the global media culture.
The UK Government Department of Communities and Local Government had in the recent past, identified several areas of deprived “neighbourhoods” distributed in its nine Regions (“English Indices. Summary . 11”). London Docklands comes under the Region listed as the
One such consequence is that if individuals adopt a cultural relativist position than any action can be considered moral (‘Ethical Relativism’). One considers the Nazi regime. This regime advanced a cultural position that the Jewish race was inferior and needed to
According to the author of the article, the issues of cultural differences can be featured in two main ways. Hence, the first aspect is the American culture versus Ugandan culture. On the other hand, is the concept of Sexual minorities, which include LGBT versus the sexual majority.
According to the report globalization is bringing people to a single world society. Herein, it will not be incorrect to state that globalization is impacting the current trends of the hospitality industry. The reason behind it is that people from different cultures are working in this industry with different culturally diverse people and patients.