Nobody downloaded yet

Consequences of the Peloponnesian War - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The course of history has been plagued with wars since the beginning of time, and history will most likely continue in this manner until the end of time. Wars have the ability to exterminate entire populations, erase cities from the map, and give rise to new empires that will eventually fall due to the onset of yet another war…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
Consequences of the Peloponnesian War
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Consequences of the Peloponnesian War"

Download file to see previous pages Although this observation by Thucydides lacked the advantage of hindsight, his statement now carries validity, as the Peloponnesian War had many immediate and lasting effects, which this paper will attempt to determine. In order to properly understand the consequences of the Peloponnesian War, the causes and course of the war must be known. In Donald Kagan’s On the Origins of War and Preservation of Peace, he argues that the causes of all war are sourced from “fear, honor, and interest” (On the Origins 6), and this holds true with the Peloponnesian War. Athens and Sparta were two of the most powerful Greek city-states in the 5th century B.C., and they were on opposite sides of the “power bloc” due to the formation of the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League. The Delian League eventually became the Athenian Empire, was originally made to combat the threat of the Persian Empire (The Outbreak 2); the Peloponnesian League was formed by Sparta to combat the rising threat of Athens (Thucydides, Hammond, Rhodes 476). Rather than combining their respective power and influence, the two city states became opposed factions within the Hellenic World. While there are many intricate and underlying causes to the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides and numerous modern historians agree, to the best of their knowledge, that the main cause of the war was “Spartan fear of Athenian power” (Thucydides, Hammond, Rhodes 477). Because of the threat of the growing Athenian Empire, in hindsight it became evident that the war was inevitable – the Athenian power became an object of fear that the Spartans could not ignore. The Peloponnesian War spanned across a period of twenty seven years, encompassing numerous theaters, battles and campaigns that cannot be explained entirely in this paper. This paper will outline a brief summary of the war that will be used to help determine the consequences of the conflict. Athens was aware of the fact that they could not outright defeat the Spartan army, thus, they built a walled corridor between their city and their port of Piraeus, which the Athenians resided within in an attempt to wait out the Spartan army and outlast them in a war of attrition (Daniel 74). Since the Spartans could not breach the walls of their enemy and the Athenians could not outlast the Spartans, the war resulted to a series of Athenian naval raids and Spartan attacks into Athenian land with the goal of destroying vital crops and resources (Daniel 74). After a plague within the Athenian walls that led to the death of the Athenian war leader Pericles, Alcibiades, a new Athenian leader, took the reins of the Athenian forces, and drastically altered the Athenian plan of action for the war. Alcibiades decided to change from a defensive strategy to an offensive one, and thus ordered an invasion of the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily, which, due to bad leadership, organization, and excellent Spartan defense, turned out to be a failure (Daniel 75). The failed campaign resulted in the destruction of the Athenian fleet and army, and ultimately resulted in the Athenians losing the war that they had started (Gombrich 63). First, this paper will analyze the immediate effects of the war on both Athens and Sparta. As history has seen in numerous instances, being defeated in a war has seemingly endless and perpetual ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Consequences of the Peloponnesian War Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Consequences of the Peloponnesian War Research Paper)
“Consequences of the Peloponnesian War Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Consequences of the Peloponnesian War

Consequences of Neoliberalism. Economic Consequences of Neoliberalism

...? Consequences of Neoliberalism Neoliberalism Neoliberalism refers to a market-driven approach to the policy making process for running economy and society (Campbell and Pedersen, 2001, p3). The approach basically stems from the neoclassical theories of economics focusing upon the efficient role of the private enterprises, trade liberalization and establishment of open markets. Neoliberalism supports maximum role of the private sector in determining the dimensions of the political and economic policies and priorities of a country (Klak, 1998, p76). Neoliberalism stresses upon the shift of control from the public to the private sector because it is based upon the belief that the greater involvement of public sector will...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Social Consequences of the War on Drugs

...Article Summary: Social Consequences of the War on Drugs by Jensen et al The major theme of this article is war on drugs and the failure of legal policies to counter the spreading of drug abuse. The authors argue that the current war on drug policies failed because of the failure of the authorities in identifying dimensions with respect to the social, economic, health, political and human costs of the current antidrug crusade. American government spends billions of dollars every year to counter drug abuse; however these huge expenditure failed to meet its objectives. Illegal drug use was declining before the introduction of the drug war; but after the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Consequences of Vietnam War on the American Society

...? The Consequences of Vietnam War on the American Society ? ? The Consequences of Vietnam War on the American Society For over a decade, America was torn apart by a war that was not even its own: the Vietnam War. Moreover, unlike other wars, this war won the American soldiers and the American government little, if any, appreciation or encouragements from the masses. The war resulted in heavy casualties with nearly 50,000 U.S troops out of the half million dead, along with another million of the Vietnamese troops. It also had an adverse effect on the economy as well as the popularity of...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper

The Consequences of World War I

...? The Consequences of World War I Due Introduction The average of today probably know very littleabout the WWI. They know there were Germans, Americans, British, and Japanese, but very little of the sides they were on or the roles they played In fact, in is very likely that they would mix-up events that took place in WWII with many of the events that took place in World War I. Although that might not get you a very high grade on a history test, many modern scholars perceive WWII as a continuation of WWI, just after a short reprieve. The First World War is often remembered as one of the bloodiest of wars fought; bloodier than what was experienced during the American Civil War. In fact, it is fair to say that no one is Europe, Asia... , and the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

The Peloponnesian War

...The Peloponnesian war: Importance to Greek politics OCC South field Name Course Professor’s name Date The Peloponnesian War – importance to Greek politics The ancient Greece was fragmented into many individualistic small states ruled separately by different identities. They were popularly known as city-states. Among these city-states Athens and Sparta were the most prominent ones. If Athens could have been called the cultural soul of Greece, Sparta was its military icon. Ancient Greece flourished around these two city-states almost in two separate groups - the Delian league led by Athens and the Peloponnesian league led by Sparta. Most of the other...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Vietnam War Causes and Consequences

...Vietnam War – Causes and Consequences Jason Huff Theme: The paper analyzes the causes behind the Vietnam War and the role-played by United States in the war. It attempts to show that the nations like US and France had ulterior motives of containing communist forces. This is the main reason why US participated in the long war despite all protests form the people. The paper also studies the various consequences of the war, which led to mass protests and campaigns against it. The paper concludes to show how the communist forces of North Vietnam won over the US forces and finally united the two part of Vietnam. Therefore the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

The Peloponnesian War, 431404 B.C.E

...of the Athens Empire resulting to extinction of Athens supremacy. The end result saw Athens bow down in the year to follow.4 Peloponnesian war had its effects to the fighters and Greece in general. The war resulted to the reshaping of the ancient Greek. In terms of international relationship, Athens which was up to then the strongest city before the war began, was reduced to a just normal state. Consequently, it never regained the prosperity that it had before war. On the other hand, Sparta became the leading and established power of Greece. Additionally, they acquired much of land before they were overthrown by Thebes and its...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Peloponnesian War

...Peloponnesian war The war describes the rivalry and conflict thatexisted between Sparta and Athens. The conflict was so long that it lasted for almost three decades from (431-404 BC). The rivalry between Athens naval dominance and Sparta’s land dominance was a long standing issue. Athens led by Pericles since 445 BC had become a state of democracy with a foreign relations policy of occasionally intervening to assist local democrats. Sparta advocated for oligarchies and indeed was governed by it. Spartans resented the democracy, imperialism and cultural ascendancy of Athens. Division was evident especially due the two rival systems of alliances where neither could allow the other to be...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The war in syria and its consequences on lebanon

...). At the same time, the warring parties assaulted civilians by using mass weapons for destruction like chemical guess. Following that, there have been a great number of Syrians moving out of the country to Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, Egypt and Lebanon. Lebanon became home to a large number of refugees from Syria owing to the fact that it has the longest border with Syria. Following that, Lebanon has been an integral player as a consequence of the dynamics of the war in Syria (Barnes-Dacey, 15). This paper will tackle the issues that have arisen following the upsurge of refugees in the Lebanon borders and Lebanon as a country. At the same time, the paper will tackle various aspects in...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

The war in syria and its consequences on lebanon

...The war in Syria and its consequences on Lebanon Background information The successful Arab revolt that occurred in African countries such as Egypt, Tunisia and Libya contributed to the 2011 uprising that has turned into a civil war in Syria. Citizens in different parts of the country took to the street to demonstrate against the government of Al Assad, hoping to replace his leadership with an alternative government. However, the Assad government responded violently, sending army forces to quell the protests. Several civilians were killed, injured and maimed and this contributed to the progressive development of the conflict into a full-blown civil war with rebellious...
22 Pages(5500 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Consequences of the Peloponnesian War for FREE!

Contact Us