We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Consequences of the Peloponnesian War - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
The course of history has been plagued with wars since the beginning of time, and history will most likely continue in this manner until the end of time. Wars have the ability to exterminate entire populations, erase cities from the map, and give rise to new empires that will eventually fall due to the onset of yet another war…
Download full paper
Consequences of the Peloponnesian War
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Consequences of the Peloponnesian War

Download file to see previous pages... Although this observation by Thucydides lacked the advantage of hindsight, his statement now carries validity, as the Peloponnesian War had many immediate and lasting effects, which this paper will attempt to determine. In order to properly understand the consequences of the Peloponnesian War, the causes and course of the war must be known. In Donald Kagan’s On the Origins of War and Preservation of Peace, he argues that the causes of all war are sourced from “fear, honor, and interest” (On the Origins 6), and this holds true with the Peloponnesian War. Athens and Sparta were two of the most powerful Greek city-states in the 5th century B.C., and they were on opposite sides of the “power bloc” due to the formation of the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League. The Delian League eventually became the Athenian Empire, was originally made to combat the threat of the Persian Empire (The Outbreak 2); the Peloponnesian League was formed by Sparta to combat the rising threat of Athens (Thucydides, Hammond, Rhodes 476). Rather than combining their respective power and influence, the two city states became opposed factions within the Hellenic World. While there are many intricate and underlying causes to the Peloponnesian War, Thucydides and numerous modern historians agree, to the best of their knowledge, that the main cause of the war was “Spartan fear of Athenian power” (Thucydides, Hammond, Rhodes 477). Because of the threat of the growing Athenian Empire, in hindsight it became evident that the war was inevitable – the Athenian power became an object of fear that the Spartans could not ignore. The Peloponnesian War spanned across a period of twenty seven years, encompassing numerous theaters, battles and campaigns that cannot be explained entirely in this paper. This paper will outline a brief summary of the war that will be used to help determine the consequences of the conflict. Athens was aware of the fact that they could not outright defeat the Spartan army, thus, they built a walled corridor between their city and their port of Piraeus, which the Athenians resided within in an attempt to wait out the Spartan army and outlast them in a war of attrition (Daniel 74). Since the Spartans could not breach the walls of their enemy and the Athenians could not outlast the Spartans, the war resulted to a series of Athenian naval raids and Spartan attacks into Athenian land with the goal of destroying vital crops and resources (Daniel 74). After a plague within the Athenian walls that led to the death of the Athenian war leader Pericles, Alcibiades, a new Athenian leader, took the reins of the Athenian forces, and drastically altered the Athenian plan of action for the war. Alcibiades decided to change from a defensive strategy to an offensive one, and thus ordered an invasion of the city of Syracuse on the island of Sicily, which, due to bad leadership, organization, and excellent Spartan defense, turned out to be a failure (Daniel 75). The failed campaign resulted in the destruction of the Athenian fleet and army, and ultimately resulted in the Athenians losing the war that they had started (Gombrich 63). First, this paper will analyze the immediate effects of the war on both Athens and Sparta. As history has seen in numerous instances, being defeated in a war has seemingly endless and perpetual ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Consequences Of Taking Antidepressants
Psychologists attempt to understand the role of mental functions in the context of the individual as well as social behavior. Depression as a disease is of mental origin. It is the mind of a person which makes him depressed. Thus a psychologist has an obvious interest in understanding the behavior of depression.
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper
Pollution: Types, causes, consequences
The essay attempts to uncover the causes and consequences, surrounding different types of pollution, which broadly include water pollution, land pollution and air pollution. There is a mention of individual steps that can be taken to tackle this problem effectively.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Consequences of older population
In addition, the study will discuss the issue of a lesser population contributing to social security in order to support a larger population. The study will further addresspolitical embattlement in relation to programs for the aged as well as the options to relieve the potential burden.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Teenage Drinking and Its Consequences
WebMD (2012) underscored that alcohol is “very powerful” and “addictive,” and it can be “lethal” in large amounts (p.1). Adolescents are particularly prone to drinking alcohol, because of perceptions of drinking alcohol as cool and essential to high school and college life.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Consequences of Childhood Obesity
It has been estimated that 7% of the population in the world suffer from obesity. Association between increased TV viewing and obesity in childhood came into light because explosion in media targeted to children and childhood obesity occurred during the same period. The author describes different researches connected with the obesity issue.
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper
Consequences of Water Scarcity
It is a problem which is a grim reality to the 21st century with a third of the world population being affected in one way or another by this effect. The number in sub-Saharan Africa is even bigger with its victims composing of the largest percentage of affected humans in the entire world (World health Organization).
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Vietnam War Causes and Consequences
The paper also studies the various consequences of the war, which led to mass protests and campaigns against it. The paper concludes to show how the communist forces of North Vietnam won over the US forces and finally united the two part of Vietnam.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Peloponnesian War
Sparta advocated for oligarchies and indeed was governed by it. Spartans resented the democracy, imperialism and cultural ascendancy of
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
The war in syria and its consequences on lebanon
Following that, Syria became unbearable and unsafe for people to stay in. There were increased number for deaths related to military and
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
The war in syria and its consequences on lebanon
However, the Assad government responded violently, sending army forces to quell the protests. Several civilians were killed, injured and maimed and this contributed to the progressive development of the
22 Pages(5500 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Consequences of the Peloponnesian War for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us