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Freedom and Human Rights in Orwells 1984 - Essay Example

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The paper is focused on Orwell’s utopian novel “1984”. Orwell is a prophet of past and present times of the humanity. It is surprising and weird for a modern reader to understand the way Orwell managed to predict all the truth about humanity living under the immense pressure of perverted socialism…
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Freedom and Human Rights in Orwells 1984
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"Freedom and Human Rights in Orwells 1984"

Download file to see previous pages The issues of freedom and human rights are discussed further on. A process of individual’s degradation in the face of oppression and intimidation is shown by Orwell. It is interesting to trace individual’s transformation from an independent citizen to a dependant person oppressed by a perverted socialism.
A novel’s background
Socialism by itself is not destructive. It is more relevant to look at its rulers and discuss their history. In accordance with Marx, a great philosopher of socialism: “revolutionary violence was inevitable since those in power will never voluntarily relinquish their position, and he viewed the future communist society as the redemption of that nightmare of history that we have had hitherto” (Scaliger, 2007). Another position is expressed by Orwell. Socialists showed violence to fight against violence; an example of the Soviet Union shows to us that the society based on violence would lead to freedom opposition. Therefore, it is necessary to develop human rights protection laws and take control over freedom achievement in the society. A political form of Socialism is not bad in its essence. It is better to reach socialism by democratic means and not through violence. Orwell shows that working people have their own ethical concerns creating a bridge for decency development under socialism (Deery, 2005). Consequently, Orwell is positioned as an ethical socialist, who is focused on the basic moral values of working people and he does not want that people would lose them. Social justice for Orwell can be reached in case liberty, equality and fraternity are preserved. It is interesting to discuss external factors influencing on conceptual representation of freedom by Orwell (Deery, 2005). In accordance with Marx and Engels, freedom is an integrative part of self-determination. In reality, freedom has a broader meaning; it should be clarified that freedom “means being in charge for one’s own life and being able to reveal the highest potential of an individual” (Scaliger, 2007). In this utopian novel, Orwell created a satire of an ideal type of socialism. Stalinist practices and Trotsky’s practices provided Orwell with fruitful information about the cruel and violent regime, degrading human souls. The world order reinvented by Orwell is an interesting fantasy of a writer: “His narrative gifts having flowered during the ugliest days of Stalinism and soared at a time when such ideas were in the air, he thereupon extrapolated Stalin's system and Burnham's schemes--worldwide and into eternity” (Deery, 2005). Freedom in the novel An interesting vision of freedom provided by Orwell is appealing for contemporaries as well: “Freedom is the freedom to say that two plus two make four" (Orwell, p. 69). The Party is intimidated by the emergence of extra-linguistic reality and by the fact that some global issues may be intimidating for the whole society. It is easier and more convenient for the Big Brother to reshape the minds of his people, take away a hope from them and transform their skills into a motive force for socialism. For Winston, the Party is bad, because “its infallibility, or freedom from the strictures of falsifiability, is buttressed by its ability to impose, through Foucauldian disciplinary techniques, a radically groundless regime of purely local and discontinuous epistemes” (Orwell, p. 45). We can see that there is an internal and external fight for freedom among the main characters of Orwell’ ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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The topic of "Freedom and Human Rights in Orwells 1984" is quite often seen among the assignments in college. Still, this example opens a brand new perspective of seeing the problem. I’ll use the manner for my own paper.
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