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Civil Engineering Construction - Assignment Example

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The author of this assignment "Civil Engineering Construction" focuses on the activities involved in roadworks. According to the text, construction of a road involves several activities particularly related to the ground. The work starts with determining the profile of a road. …
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Civil Engineering Construction
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Download file to see previous pages Also, the road needs to be constructed with slopes so that the water would slide away towards the sides.
Controlling the groundwater level is the first and foremost requirement of slope stabilization. In sloppy areas, drainage design is of huge significance, particularly because the water coming from water reservoirs can enhance the pore water pressure and increase the level of groundwater. This adds to the pressure on sloppy areas and the land may slide. This is conventionally achieved through installing surface or subsurface devices within or near the unstable portions that would ensure the drainage of the soil.
There are several methods to control the ground water level. Some involve the use of pumps to dewater the land. Others are based on such techniques that would reduce the likelihood of interference of water with the on-going construction without having to dewater the land. Typical groundwater control techniques are open sump pumping, pumping from wells or well points, ground freezing and installing horizontal drains in the ground. Of these, first three pertain to the pumping and the last two enhance control over groundwater without the use of a pump. Different techniques are operated in various ways. For example, freezing is used to stabilize waterlogged areas. The technique involves insertion of freezing tubes in the soil. A freezing solution, commonly magnesium chloride is circulated through the tube at a temperature between -15 to -25 єC, that freezes the water around it. It converts such a soil into ice wall that is altogether impervious. “Frozen soil not only is an effective water barrier but also can serve as an excellent cofferdam” (UFC, 2004, p. 48). People can hence, work inside without the danger of collapse because of water pressure. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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