Free

Critical Review - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Climate change and global warming have been the most prominent problems throughout the centuries since global temperatures are expected to increase by about 1-6 degrees by 2100. The major components to these drastic environmental changes are mainly due to greenhouse gas (GHG)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.1% of users find it useful
Critical Review
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Critical Review"

Carbon Storage in Basalt Climate change and global warming have been the most prominent problems throughout the centuries since global temperatures are expected to increase by about 1-6 degrees by 2100. The major components to these drastic environmental changes are mainly due to greenhouse gas (GHG) emission. GHG levels have spiked due to industrial evolution and anthropogenic influences and activities. Stabilization of the GHG could reduce the anthropogenic impact to the climate system and lower the expected global temperature spike in the future by 1-3 degrees. For stabilization of the GHG, concentration in the atmosphere to be at a low level requires the reduction of emission into the atmosphere. Although this explanation was devised, some studies have shown the feasibility to stabilizing the GHG at a desired low level, which implies that few information are available on the strategies that could reduce the global temperature through stabilization of GHG. Earlier studies discussed the mitigation options to lower levels of concentration of GHG through emission reduction by carbon capture and storage (CCS) (Sally Orr 303).
After nearly four years, the US Department of Energy’s (DOE) new-fangled Part 810 guidelines are finally in place. The need for grandfather endowment in the new regulation means that numerous corporations will need to be decisive—in the formula of written export submissions and/or written notifications—to uphold amenability with their expertise export obligations. This regulation was apprised in 1986, and the international civil industry market has expanded in recent times. The DOE faces numerous technological challenges to deal with such emission disputes in the United States. The department should plan accordingly the termini and undertakings that are largely accredited or subject to definite authorizations.
Fossil fuels are the greatest contribution to the world’s source of energy. Burning of fossil fuels is the major contributor to electricity, heating, and transportation. However, the burning fossil fuels emit carbon dioxide (CO2), which is also the major contributor to the GHG that is affecting the planet. CO2 makes up 79% of Canada’s total emission (PWGSC, 2009). CCS is a mitigation approach in which its primary focus is reducing the CO2 emission from the burning of fossil fuels. The CCS could significantly reduce the carbon footprint of fossil fuels ultimately leading to the reduction of greenhouse gases (GHG) that are emitted into the atmosphere affecting the ozone layer (Figure 1). CCS would reduce the CO2 emission by 14-19%. The long term storage of the carbon dioxide and the cost of the storage pose a huge issue on many large fossil fuel burning companies, such as Alberta, Canada well-known energy company, and Shell Canada Ltd. (Shell Ltd., 2012). Their company was the first to launch a carbon capture project (Quest) on Canadian oil in early September 2012. Three basic approaches of CCS are available: post-combustion capture, pre-combustion capture, and oxyfuel (EPA 8). This paper will briefly discuss the three different methods of CCS.
There are only set amounts of areas in the world that can be used as a storage house for captured CO2. Suitable basins for CO2 storage contain thick abundant sediments, saline formidable rocks, and a cap-like (low porosity) cover rock in a simple structure background (IPCC, 2005). The effectiveness of storing away CO2 depends on the physical and geochemical trapping mechanism. According to Gunter et al. (25), CO2 injected into the ground (geological storage) would have a storage rate of more than 99% over 1000 years in well geological reservoirs. The estimated storage time would be reasonable since earth’s natural gas have been trapped underground for millions of years.
Geohazards are the main concern with CCS technology. Leakage is the primary problem with CCS especially those that are uncontrollable. Leakage by the ‘cap’ rock, the seal have significant problems in the storage time and capacity of the injected CO2. With a leak in the cap, CO2 are more prone to release into the atmosphere contradicting the purpose of CCS to avoid CO2 emission into the atmosphere. In Alberta, there are about 400,000 wells. Thousands of those wells experience some leakage, which could either eventually escape into the atmosphere or make its way into vital resources. The Canadian Department of Emissions should separate these activities into three overall classes: those that are exempted, “generally sanctioned,” as well as those activities that are “specially authorized.” The most perceptible change to these regulations is replacing a list of explicitly authorized emissions with those of largely authorized ones.

Works Cited
Sally Benson and Orr, Frankline. Carbon dioxide capture and storage. Environment, 33, 303-
305. 2008. Web. 25 February 2015.
Available at:
http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=/MRS/MRS33_04/S0883769400004759a.pdf&code=cda1b03c552a22a3bb451e4f5abcf862
[EPA]. (2010, August). Carbon Dioxide Capture and Sequestration. Web. 25 February 2015.
Available at:
http://www.epa.gov/climatechange/ccs/
Gunter, Bill, Bob Mitchell, Ian Potter, Brent Lakeman, Sam Wong, Bill Pearson, Murlidhar
Gupta, and Doug Macdonald. The Canicap Program: Planning Options for Technology and Knowledge Base Development for the Implementation of Carbon Capture and Transportation Research, Development and Deployment in Canada. Edmonton, Alta.?: Alberta Research Council, 2005. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Critical Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2”, n.d.)
Critical Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 2. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/engineering-and-construction/1679880-critical-review
(Critical Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2)
Critical Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2. https://studentshare.org/engineering-and-construction/1679880-critical-review.
“Critical Review Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 2”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/engineering-and-construction/1679880-critical-review.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Critical Review

Critical Review

...? Critical Review Critical Review Objective Managing professionals in formal organziation is not new issue (Covaleski et al 1998 293). This article, by James R. Barker, is based on how different managerial control system should be changed to self managing teams. “Leadership demands the expression of an authentic self” (Goffee and Jones 2005 87) but it should be done adequately because it is noted that people with the latter method tend to make the work for “efficient, powerful and punctual” (Nohria et al 2008 84). The article is based on a study in an organization where people were more tested with the new method of work and they thoroughly enjoyed it because people had...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Critical review

...? Playing the Straight Man: Displaying and Maintaining Male Heterosexuality in Dis by S. F. Kiesling. In his article Playing the Straight Man: Displaying and Maintaining Male Heterosexuality and Maintaining Male Heterosexuality in Discourse, Kielsling (2006) offers some insight into heterosexual discourse. Kiesling (2006) targets a specific group of men and uncovers how these men “define, police, and display heterosexual relationships” among the group (p. 118). Kiesling (2006) also explores how these factors contribute toward the creation and exhibition of inter-male relations (p. 118). What emerges are relationships characterized by “homoscoial desire and dominance” and “power and dominance over women, gay men, and other straight...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Critical Review

...(Dear I feel the work you have done missed the main point of critical review of lietarature. I am giving the outline of the critical reviewof literature. I feel the Contents of the article should be structured as follows: Definition of Critical Review of literature Purposes of critical review of literature Structure of critical review of literature. Joint venture and their merrits and demerrits The various methodologies used in surveying Find out some literatures to substanitate your point of views. Conclusion As the word count you have asked for is limited, First I have defined what...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Critical Review

...EMD 501 Critical Review of Article: Preschool Inclusion - What We Know and Where We Go from Here by Samuel L. Odom Topics in Early Childhood SpecialEducation, 2000 20(1): pp.20-27 Submission Date: Student Name: Sin Yan Lan, Grace Student No: 90849158 Table of Contents Page No. INTRODUCTION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 2 Keywords ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 Summary of the Article -------------------------------------------------------------- 3 Brief Account...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Critical review

...Critical review Kenneth Tobin, Gale Seiler, and Mackenzie W Smith undertake an important interpretive study of the preparation of science teachers for urban high schools in “Educating Science Teachers for Socio-cultural Diversity of Urban Schools”, in which the authors explore the extent to which the methods courses facilitated learning to teach. These three researchers undertook an exploration of learning to teach in a graduate teacher preparation program and they co-taught science in an urban high school in order to gain first hand grasp on the challenges of teaching African American students placed in a low track program of study. In the final outcome of the research, they incorporated “rich perspectives gained from the teacher... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Critical Review

...A Critical Review A Randomized Controlled Trial of Group Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy vs. Enhanced Supportive Therapy for Auditory Hallucinations (David L. Penn, Piper S. Meyer, Elizabeth Evans, R.J. Wirth, Karen Cai, Margaret Burchinal) Summary Individual CBT has been proven effective ancillary treatment for positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. However, only few benefit from it due to its limited accessibility. One way seen to maximise CBT intervention is through group therapy, thus this study, which aims to examine the efficacy of group CBT for auditory hallucinations compared with enhanced ST. The researchers used blind randomized clinical trials (RCT) on a carefully selected convenience...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Critical Review

...Yarhouse, M. A., & Tan, E. N. (2005). Sexual Identity and Being a Christian. Journal Of Psychology & Christianity, 24 60-64. In the article, Sexual Identity and Being a Christian, the authors’ main issue was that it is sometimes difficult for people to identify themselves as homosexuals, heterosexuals or bisexuals because of certain factors that influence the process of sexual identification. The authors, Yarhouse and Tan, discussed and researched upon three aspects of the issue above; firstly, the confusions experienced by many when deciding their sexual identity, the difficulties they face in trying to publicly discuss their attraction and consult people for a way to handle it and in what ways did the religion contribute or may... M. A., &...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Critical review

... of affiliation: Tularemia is an infection of both humans and animals caused by Gram-negative bacterium called Francisella tularensis. Hares, Rabbits, and rodents are the most susceptible and usually die in large numbers following an outbreak. Humans can be infected through the following ways: Tick and deer fly bites, skin contact with infected animals, Ingestion of contaminated water, Laboratory exposure and Inhalation of contaminated aerosols or dust. In the recent past there has been increased fear of, fears have been raised exposure through bioterrorism. Till today no evidence has been found showing human to human transfer of tularemia disease. Following an infection the bacterium takes 14 incubation days after which symptoms...
1 Pages(250 words)Book Report/Review

Critical review

...critical to be left in the hand of human resource managers alone. In the review, areas of focus include the importance of GTM, problems encountered by managers when dealing with GTM issues, how human resource mangers deal with experienced people and talent pooling in business, challenges created by corporate roles, global mobility and general strength and weaknesses of professor’s presentation. Professor David Collings goes ahead to answer questions in the audiences minds. Why is GTM so important to human resource managers? He clearly indicates that it is important for HRM to understand changes in the knowledge economy, changing experience in the global population, the aspect of globalization in the...
3 Pages(750 words)Book Report/Review

Critical review

...The Degenerate Art Exhibition and Hitler’s “Great German Art” exhibition In transition period between two World Wars the great shift in world outlookappeared. Due to the fact that these events were accompanied by vast number of human sacrifices, German artists started to feel their social responsibility and reproduced this insight in their artworks. Moreover, the losing position of Germany in World War I and rise of Hitler regime in the 1930s in cases of some creators deepened this kind of artistic feeling with the desire for serving to German nation. And so, the appearance of Degenerate Art and “Great German Art” exhibitions should be reviewed closely linked to the political regime of Hitler. There are key differences between two... to the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Admission/Application Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Critical Review for FREE!

Contact Us