StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Nobody downloaded yet

The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This paper "The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom" sheds some light on the principles of constructivism, and critically argues that the theory is useful for the primary science teacher to help pupils learn effectively…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.1% of users find it useful
The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom"

Download file to see previous pages When students learn science, they construct meanings and develop understandings in a social context, state Duit & Treagust (1998: 4). Classroom verbal discourse in the form of teacher talk and teacher-student interactions form the basis for most of this meaning-making. Because teacher questions are a frequent component of classroom talk, they play an important role in determining the nature of discourse during science instruction. The cognitive processes that students engage in, as they undertake the process of constructing scientific knowledge, to a large extent depend on the kinds of questions that teachers ask and their way of asking the questions.

Chin (2007: 816) conducted a study to investigate questioning-based discourse practices in science classrooms, how knowledge is co-constructed through interactions between students and teachers across a number of classroom activities, and to identify different ways of teacher questioning that encourage productive thinking in students. The main theoretical framework defining this study is social constructivism, which focuses on how knowledge is constructed in the social context of the classroom through language and other semiotic means. The core idea is that scientific conceptual knowledge first appears between people on an interpsychological plane, and then inside the learner on an intrapsychological plane (Vygotsky, 1978: 128). The concept of the teacher assisting student performance through the “zone of proximal development” suggests that teachers can guide the discourse of the inner psychological plane to support student learning. As questions are a key component of classroom discourse, teacher’s questions act as a psychological tool in influencing students’ knowledge construction.

Classroom discourse can be analyzed in terms of its authoritative and dialogic functions, states Scott (1998: 45). The classroom activities include direct instructions, whole-class discussions, and laboratory investigations.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classro Case Study, n.d.)
The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classro Case Study. https://studentshare.org/education/1719565-children-learning-primary-science
(The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classro Case Study)
The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classro Case Study. https://studentshare.org/education/1719565-children-learning-primary-science.
“The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classro Case Study”. https://studentshare.org/education/1719565-children-learning-primary-science.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom

The Constructivist Approach in International Relations

...? THE CONSTRUCTIVIST APPROACH IN INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS The Constructivist Approach in International Relations There exists no general definition for the term ‘constructivism.’ Many scholars have given their definitions depending on what they believe it should be. This term first appeared in International Relations in 1989, courtesy of Nicholas Onuf. He coined it to refer, in broad terms, to the various post-positivist perspectives. It emerged to critique the traditional theories of the time, those that had gained prominence during the Cold War times. Constructivists had a common ground in rejecting the no- dynamic assumptions, which were material in nature and very common at the time. In place of these assumptions, the constructivists...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Teaching science

... in the learning process. In an active science learning environment, there is less emphasis on book-based learning and more weight is placed in learning by inquiry specifically through a discussion with the teacher and with peers. (Golberg, 1997) In the traditional methods of teaching, the teacher dominates the classroom since he does much of the talking. In a way, very little discussion occurs and instead it becomes a speech that the students merely listen to. In active science, students and the teacher share equal weight in the learning process. The input of both students and the teacher are valuable in that their exchange of ideas is the centerpiece of active science discussion. This is a vital element because students are placed...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Teaching Of Primary Science

... provides a theoretical rationale for creating technology-rich, constructivist learning environments that use context-based teaching strategies in classrooms and engage students in student-centered, personally meaningful, authentic, and collaborative learning. It also provides examples of schools that have experimented context-based teaching in science in classrooms, and a curricular example that teachers can modify to increase student understanding of any curricular area. Finally, it provides online resources and a podcast that provide teachers with additional ideas for making their lessons more interesting and engaging, empowering, and enlightening classrooms. There have been many studies that indicate context-based approach is essential...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Education: Constructivist Approach SEE BELOW

The constructivist approach is based on the work of Swiss developmental psychologist Jean Piaget in 1963 and Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky in 1978. However, the theory dates back to the developmentalist notions of eighteenth century psychologists such as Dewey and Rousseau (Matthews, 2003).
It is important for members of an educational community, even “people inhabiting different worlds” to employ reciprocal processes to share constructivist approaches to education which are based on a common purpose about schooling. By means of constructivist leadership, students’ cognition, perception, imagination and memory should be utilized by educators to enhance learning in the classroom; thus making their teaching practice more mea...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Teaching science to children

... teaching science project were achieved and were proved by the results collected and obtained from different activities and worksheets that were held during our session to asses children’s knowledge of the taught concepts. Comparison between students’ prior knowledge of the subjects covered and their answers in the worksheets after each session indicated that we met all teaching success criteria. Many factors contributed to an effective delivery and efficient teaching outcomes. These factors, such as the science observation sessions held prior to the initiation of our teaching sessions, provided the whole vision of required skills and teaching approaches. Discussion by our groups included ideas for different experiments, activities...
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay

Constructivist Teaching: Then and Now

...VITAL INFORMATION Primary: Science Topic or Unit of Study Characteristics of organisms- Grasshopper *Grade/Level 4th *Summary Grasshoppers have six legs, two pairs of wings fore wings and hind wings, have antennas, they can hop, walk and fly, they feed on green leafy plants STANDARDS AND DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION: *Standards NCES, Life Science Standards levels k-4. Characteristics of organisms Differentiated Instruction The lesson plan uses a variety of differentiated instruction strategies to enhance the observation skills, interaction skills and communication skills. The observation lesson gives students an opportunity to incorporate different modes of learning such as tactile, visual and audio. This lesson plan breaks the monotony...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Principles of Constructivist Teaching

...Principles of constructivist teaching This paper seeks to identify and explain the major tenets or principles of constructivist teaching. The paper will also explain and give examples showing how these tenets support science literacy. Teachers must always look at themselves as playing a critical role in the development and learning of children. This is accomplished by the principles or tenets of constructivist teaching which support science of literacy (DeVries et al., 2002). The following are the major principles of constructivist teaching: Establishment of a socio-moral, cooperative atmosphere: this tenet supports science literacy in that a socio-moral and cooperative atmosphere entails a continual practice of mutual respect...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Diversity Training For Classroom Teaching

..., Fisher, & Thompson, 2010; 138). Personally, I would employ the third method in my classroom. I set the rules, and then we discuss with the learners and make necessary amendments.This would ensure proper class management and sufficient learner motivation. References Avis, J., Fisher, R., & Thompson, R., 2010. Teaching in Lifelong Learning: A Guide to Theory and Practice. England: McGraw-Hill International. Clauss-Ehlers, C., 2006. Diversity Training For Classroom Teaching: Learning Activities for Educators. New York: Springer. Francis, M., & Gould, J., 2012.Achieving Your PTLLS Award. London: SAGE. Gravells, A., 2012. What Is Teaching In The Lifelong Sector? London: SAGE....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

PGCE- Primary Teaching

Personal ment College: Personal ment Education is paramount to every child’s future. It is my ambition to contribute in the creation of a brighter tomorrow for them. I am graduating with an undergraduate degree in advertising, PR and Media. It is my consideration that my qualifications and work experience might be of interest to the school.
It is my ambition to pursue a profession in teaching. I am particularly interested in the position as it would enable me gain experience in an educational environment with the opportunities for professional growth and development that this brings. In addition to my vocational qualifications in advertising, PR and Media, I would make to the position a proven ability to deal successfully and t...
2 Pages(500 words)Personal Statement

Teaching And Learning Of Constructivist

... suggests change in all fields of education. It calls for a specific curriculum that meets the needs of the learner and strengthens his inquisitive nature and helps him formulate new information on the basis of his prior knowledge. The teaching strategies further aim at consolidating learner’s potentials and build up skills of critical thinking, analyzing and interpreting. The traditional method of assessment has a little place in constructivist school system as the focus now is not the product rather the process of learning. Students and Teachers are Interactive in a Constructivist Classroom Organization and Management of a Constructivist Classroom is Democratic. Power and Control in the Constructivist Classroom are shared...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Case Study on topic The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom for FREE!

Contact Us