Download file to see previous pages...
ional or biological factors enhance the differences amid humans, and there are ways that individuals use to learn their variations, although their interaction and introspection with other individuals can be similar. In this regard, it is crucial to evaluate the individual differences that influence second language acquisition. Among the factors that will be evaluate include; age, learning styles, individual motivation, learning strategies, sex, personality and aptitude.
One of the most influential individual differences that affect the acquisition of second language is age. Ehrman, Leaver and Oxford (2003) hold that children and young individuals have a better chance of acquiring a second language as compared to older individuals; the argument is that there is a certain age limit at which children have the ability to acquire a second language at a faster rate. Beyond that age, physiological transformations in the brain force it to lose its capacity to intake new functions of acquiring a new language. For persons that have been deprived off the ability for linguistic input require a trigger that enhances the acquisition of the first language and this occurs at a critical period. Zafar and Meenakshi (2012) cite a case in which a 13 year old girl that had been abused and kept away from any languages was rescued; unfortunately, regardless of the numerous efforts to teach her the first language so as she would communicate, Genie never learnt the language. This finding led to a long and controversial debate which sought to determine the appropriate time in which an individual can acquire a new language. In other words, scholars held that there is a critical period at which an individual can acquire a new language and it is controlled by the physiological transformations that take place in the brain. The explanation given is that as an individual becomes older, the level of self-conscious increases and it hinders the ability to learn a second language. The sensitive
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Individual differences and second language acquisition Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1691712-individual-differences-and-second-language-acquisition
(Individual Differences and Second Language Acquisition Essay)
“Individual Differences and Second Language Acquisition Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1691712-individual-differences-and-second-language-acquisition.
Researchers continue to provide new insights into what motivates individuals to embrace, acquire, and retain a second language. Literature on the subject continues to reinforce that inherent and externally-driven motivations absolutely contribute to the success levels of acquiring a second language.
She is trying to teach them vocabulary regarding food. She makes them look at the map and point out a place at the map. A child touch somewhere on the map and the slide moves on to the food specialty of that country. She targets at their imaginative skills by asking them to name the food they see on the screen.
Yet for a long period of time acquiring a second language was seen as natural to human beings, as somehow different from other types of knowledge. For this reason many of the psychological factors associated with the difficulties of learning a second language were minimalised or brushed aside.
Hence, an understanding of second language acquisition can enhance the capability of mainstream teachers to provide objective education in culturally and linguistically diversified framework (Fillmore & Snow, 2000; Hamayan, 1990). Current studies encapsulating the theories of language acquisition have been developed through a thorough research in several interconnected fields such as linguistics, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and neurolinguistics (Freeman & Freeman, 2001).
Without a shadow of a doubt, the future of mankind learning a second language besides his native tongue depends on the medium of instruction that is to be utilized, and not to mention the characteristics of teachers that will interact with the second language learners.
Aptitude also depends on our own learning style and our own ability to assess and quantify our progress. While aptitude is defined as being separate from intelligence it is extremely difficult to isolate for while a person may have aptitude in one subject, he/she may lack it in another. It is difficult to acquire a second language successfully if you lack any aptitude but it is not impossible.
the reference of the concept as Second Language Acquisition, this concept does not necessarily mean the process of acquiring a second language only, but also the process of acquiring a third, fourth, fifth or other subsequent languages. The common argument has been that the
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Individual differences and second language acquisition for FREE!