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"What are the opinions of teachers and parents of the barriers to participation in physical activity within the early years (3-7 years)"
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Craigg and Cameron (2006) assert that kids who have a healthy physical lifestyle in their early years tend to carry the same routines for their entire life. Research shows that some diseases that show up in adulthood can indeed be linked to unhealthy lifestyle in the earlier years. Diseases such as diabetes and obesity have been associated with lack of physical activity in the earlier years of growth. The Institute of medicine (2004) estimates that there are more than 9million overweight children, 4.5million of whom are obese. Obesity in children is majorly associated with poor eating habits and lack of physical activity.
Parents play a great role in nurturing physical activities in a child’s life since children spend more time at home during this face of their life. It is important for parents to recognize the need for their kids to participate in physical activities and they should strive to nurture this in them. Play activities should therefore be incorporated to kids in their early years; parents need to constantly talk on the need and importance of physical health to their kids.
Research by the American Alliance for Health (2002) suggests that kids should be exposed to at least 60 minutes each of both structured and unstructured play activities each day. Structured activities mainly involve the planned activities involving instructions with clear guidelines while unstructured activities are spontaneous, arising when the child is exploring their surroundings.
With the ever increasing competitive world, and the economic hardships that have emerged; many parents have been forced work outside their homes, hence preferring to enroll their kids to day-cares. These centers pose great avenues for the implementation of physical health and activities (Burdettee &Whitaker 2005b ).Teachers in day-care are in unique positions to encourage healthy physical life among the kids since they tend to spend most of
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Children rely on family atmosphere to assist them to interpret and understand the messages that they witness through media, peers etc. Sex education, also known as sexuality edification or sex and relations teaching, is the procedure of attaining information or developing outlooks, or convictions related to sex, or sexual distinctiveness, associations and closeness.
Later, many of the jobs available were suited for men or that companies preferred men than women. There was also a time when women were not sent to school to study, thus, they have no recourse but to stay at home. These contributed to the stereotype that women must stay at home to do the housework while men have to earn a living.
Traditionally, men are expected to earn the income for the family while women are left at home taking care of the children. This specialization based on sex has put women at economic risk and men at social risk as societal values and economic circumstances change and men and women are forced to perform non-traditional roles (Hook, 2010).
Importantly, the establishment of relevant patterns of school children’s physical activity impacts their health in the future when they reach adolescence and adulthood (Telama et al, 2005: 267). Respectively, supporting one’s physical activity on relatively high levels ensures that the lowering of the risk of various diseases, even chronic ones, such as obesity (Yang, 2006: 919).
According to the report incidence of obesity and an excessive amount of weight gain during pregnancy have been shown to be a major factor in adverse effects for both delivering mothers and newborn infants. Other variables impacting pregnancy weight gain were found to be those common behaviors that affect weight status such as nutrition.
Even, though, many people are aware of this factor, some groups rarely take part in these activities. There are a number of social and environmental factors that affect the participation in sports, for
It plays a significant role to improve health and quality life. Physical activities have advantageous effects on different age of people, children, adults or older adults. According to the Health and Human Service Report (2012)