StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

E-Learning - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Synopsis: This is a two page APA citation style critical analysis of the data collection methods for the article titled: Naturalistic Inquiry in E- Learning Research. There are two references cited in the critical analysis. The topics of internal validity, external validity…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.4% of users find it useful
E-Learning Case Study
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "E-Learning"

Critical Analysis of Data Collection Method for the Article: Naturalistic Inquiry in E- Learning Research Synopsis: This is a two page APA citation style critical analysis of the data collection methods for the article titled: Naturalistic Inquiry in E- Learning Research. There are two references cited in the critical analysis. The topics of internal validity, external validity and capacity of replication of the empirical study will be reviewed.
Introduction
In the empirical study on e- learning which was conducted by Agostinho, naturalistic questioning methods were applied. The aspects of this empirical research which supply compliance to the five rules which are mentioned in the article are the following:
The master’s degree level courses provided an environment which was conducive to the subject matter. The environment in which the empirical study was conducted was not originally designed for the naturalistic questioning method. The two situations were reviewed from a comprehensive perspective. The researcher was also a participant in the e- learning program and endeavored as a teacher respondent. This aspect facilitates the potential for researcher bias.
The comments from the respondents were applied to the conclusions of the empirical study. In this type of research, there exists the potential of the respondents tainting the findings of the empirical study with bias. In this paradigm it is impossible to distinguish the causes and the outcomes. There was no independent variable and no dependent variable identified in this empirical study.
Internal, External Validity, Replication and Researcher Bias
The largest contributor to the potential of the presence of researcher’s bias is the statement of the researcher in the article. The researchers discussed how the first quality standard of the researcher’s rationale there is congruence between the problem which is being studied and the context of the study. The first quality standard of the empirical study must be able to provide significant outcomes which can be compared to a previous study. The researchers declared that their rationale for the research plan was to be able to manifest significant outcomes and the manner in which the research study demonstrated its sustainability. In this aspect the potential for researcher bias is significant. The researcher is anticipating certain outcomes before initiating the research study and reaching a conclusion.
The second standard of an empirical study is to be able to show rigor. The assessments of rigor for the normal empirical inquiry which ensure internal and external validity. These aspects of internal and external validity are founded upon the methodological perception of scientific realism. The author states that this empirical study is exempt as it is a naturalistic questioning model. This has been delineated as a qualitative study. However, a qualitative instrument such as a Likert scale was not used for assessment.
Agostinho denotes that confidence in external and internal validity was established by the application of the seven operational implements which were delineated in the article. Notwithstanding, these checks do not ensure the capacity of replication of the empirical study. In the manner in which the experiment was conducted, replication of similar conditions would be almost impossible to perform. This is an integral part of the empirical process, the ability of replicating the empirical study and manipulating the depended and independent variables.
A study can be deemed to be of an internally valid aspect if there are no confusions between the dependent and independent variables. In this study, the independent and dependent variables are not defined.
There are inherent factors which are mentioned in the eight step verification which are not fulfilled in this empirical study. The history of the researcher as an e- learner and a teacher respondent has a significant influence on the outcomes of the empirical study. There are also other factors which included the maturity of the empirical process. This maturity process may cause the respondents to experience fatigue; hunger and boredom which would significant contribute to the outcome of this empirical study (Barlow & Hersen, 1984)
When the dependent variables are assessed, there exist changes which are manifested by the nature of measurement. In an empirical study, non- reactive assessments should be applied. These may be recording equipment or simply not disclosing to the respondents that they were being participants in a research studying the Hawthorne study, it was demonstrated that individual behavioral manifestations may be changed due to the premise that the respondents become aware of the fact that they are participating to an empirical study and that they may be able to exercise individual influence over the outcomes (Anderson et al., 1999).
Conclusion
In the study which was conducted by agostinho, non reactive assessments should have been applied. The participants should not be aware that they are being analyzed for the purposes of research. This could have been accomplished by means of conducting the study with a hidden video reproduction device, audio reproduction equipment of simply be not disclosing to the respondent that they were participating in a research study.
References
Agostinho, S. (2004). Naturalistic inquiry in e- learning research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 4(1): article 2. Retrieved from http://www.ualberta.ca/~iiqm/backissues/4_1/pdf/agostinho.pdf
Anderson, C.A., Lindsay, J.L., & Bushman, B.J. (1999). Research in the psychological laboratory (truth or triviality?) Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8: 3-9
Barlow, D.H. & Hersen, H. (1984). Single case experimental designs. New York: Pergamon. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“E-Learning Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1620591-e-learning-case-study
(E-Learning Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
https://studentshare.org/education/1620591-e-learning-case-study.
“E-Learning Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1620591-e-learning-case-study.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF E-Learning Case Study

The Intranet Technology

... the discrepancies in the existing bank intranet website: - Conventional format: The Intranet website of the bank, as I saw it, was just a lot of text information about the bank from the web developers. It looked very conventional with some introduction about the bank along with some highlights on the main page. The other web pages were organized department wise such as IT, Wholesale banking, Consumer Banking, Human Resource, Transaction Banking, CEO , all displaying their latest achievements, current affairs and future plans in their respective pages. - Distributed information: The information on the website was not properly centralized and composed, for e.g. Every department website had their training and elearning documents displayed...
5 Pages(1250 words)Case Study

Learning Organisation

...Running Head: STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES OF A LEARNING ORGANISATION Strengths and Weaknesses of a Notion of Learning Organisation [Insert Writer's Name] [Insert Name of Institution] Strengths and Weaknesses of a Notion of Learning Organisation The learning organisation is another tool used to symbolize a methodology for the management of change. It does, nevertheless, pay particular attention to valuing employees and to the execution of structures and mechanisms which allow employees to identify the value placed on them and to contribute to the development of their own work area and of the organization. The Rover Case "Rover Learning Business" is a business within a business accountable for learning within the Rover group. Rover... Head:...
14 Pages(3500 words)Case Study

Learning and Development: Peoples Bank of China

... Resource Management and organisational performance. 3rd Edition of the Institute of Management, Transition: Prentice Hall, New York, pp 120-121 Prais, S.J. (1995) Productivity, Education and Training, Cambridge: CUP. Ryan, P. (n.d.) Economics of Training. University of Cambridge. 1. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3495/is_8_50/ai_n14931508 2. http://elearningtech.blogspot.com/2006/02/elearning-20-informal-learning.html 3. http://www.balancedscorecard.org/bkgd/pdca.html... AND DEVELOPMENT Executive Summary In the contemporary world, continuous learning and development has been critical for the attainment of personal, professional and corporate goals. With this in mind, organisations nowadays, are looking for new and comprehensive ways...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

Lerning orgnistion

...Wh't 're the strengths 'nd we'knesses of the notion of ' le'rning org'nis'tion' Table of Contents: Introduction P'rt Model of Project-B'sed Workpl'ce Le'rning 1. Org'niz'tion'l le'rning 1.1. Definitions of org'niz'tion'l le'rning 1.2. Ch'r'cteristics of le'rning org'niz'tions 2. Popularisation of the concept of the learning organisation 2.1. New organsation forms: virtual organisation and teams; networks 2.2. Capacity to maintain competitive edge 2.3. Capacity to sustain flexibility, adaptability, responsiveness 2.4. Lifelong learning 3. The LO debate and the reform of NVET/Employer Provisions in the UK: from workplace training to workplace Learning. 4. A critical perspective of the concept of Organiazational Learning 5... 're the...
22 Pages(5500 words)Case Study

Combined Cycle Power Plant

...and recognition. (Retrieved April 15th 2008). http://humanresources.about.com/od/leadership/a/leader_reward.htm Koplyay, T., & Goldsmith, D. (1998). Strategic management. (Retrieved April 15th 2008). http://www.cata.ca/files/PDF/Resource_Centres/hightech/elearning/Part5-Strategy.pdf Navasota (2008). Navasota Energy. (Retrieved April 15th 2008). http://www.navasotaenergy.com/ OPA (Ontario Power Authority) (2008) Generation development. (Retrieved April 15th 2008). (http://www.powerauthority.on.ca/Page.aspPageID=924&SiteNodeID=236 State of Texas (2008). A Texas energy strategy. (Retrieved April 15th 2008). http://www.rrc.state.tx.us/tepc/616presentations/GovernorsEnergyPresentation.pdf Spath & Mann (2000). Life...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

XTRA

... (Communication Series), Lawrence Erlbaum, [Online] Available from http://books.google.co.in/books?id=lWoTMnECyqEC&pg=PA3&dq=communication#v=onepage&q=&f=false [Accessed September 9, 2009]. http://www.articulate.com/rapid-elearning/wp-content/uploads/2007/09/comm_process.jpg Kent, D. (2005) 60 minutes to better project management, PPT, OAUG North Carolina [Online] Available from http://www.powerpoint-search.com/rita-mulcahy-ppt.html [Accessed September 9, 2009]. Key differences between mentoring and coaching, oyestercorp.com, [Online] Available from http://www.oystercorp.com/assets/pdf/newsletter.pdf Leadership Styles, (2009) [Online] Available from http://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/leadership_styles.htm# [Accessed...
15 Pages(3750 words)Case Study

Case Study

...arketability, the platform has applied different daily deal aggregators that have enabled it to gain more traffic, expand its target market and increase the sales of the products. In respect to rich user experiences, the platform has focused on rich internet application that offers end users with a satisfying and practical experience by providing a comprehensive development service, introduction of several technologies that include customer application, e-commerce, real estate, smart client, custom, portal, eLearning, N-Tier and mobile applications all of which target the platforms users. The platform is an example of Software above the level of a single device as a website offering discounts in daily deal purchases when the required...
28 Pages(7000 words)Case Study

Sainsburys Business Strategy - Issues That Led to the Firms Crisis

...Blumenthal, R., Kargar, J. (1994), ‘Successful Implementation of Strategic Decisions in Small Community Banks’ Journal of Small Business Management 32(2): 10-22 Carroll, A. (1993), ‘Three Types of Management Planning: Making Organizations Work’ Management Quarterly 34(1): 32-35 Cronje, J. (2005) ‘Why Instructional Design in eLearning?’ hagar.up.ac.za/catts/abc/ importanceofinstructionaldesign.ppt De Meuse, K. P., & Tornow, W. W. (1990), ‘The tie that binds—Has become very, very frayed!’ Human Resource Planning 13: 203–213 Douglas, S., Rhee, D. (1989), ‘Examining Generic Competitive Strategy Types in U.S. and European Markets’ Journal of International Business Studies 20(3): 437-453 Enright, M., Ghemawat, P.,...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

ITT Cleaning Services: A Business Profile

In a competitive industry inundated with corporate cleaning giants, ITT has managed to capture the attention of the busy London consumer, appealing to human psychology as a means to promote convenience as priority number one. 

ITT appears to understand the consumer profile, perhaps drawing on Abraham Maslow’s renowned theory of human motivation, so as to appeal to their physiological needs for stress reduction when attempting to juggle business, family, and the responsibilities of household maintenance. Unlike their competitors, which routinely focus on value-driven strategies and product upgrades through R & D investments, ITT has found a connection by sympathizing with the hectic consumer and providing...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Strategic Alliances in the Automobile Industry - Their Impact on Brand Value

...STRATEGIC ALLIANCES IN THE AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRY: THEIR IMPACT ON BRAND VALUE Introduction: This study will cover a discussion on the nature of strategic alliances in the auteomobile industry as part of strategic management as well as their role and importance relation to brand value. The term strategic alliances refers to cooperative agreements between potential or actual competitors. Strategic alliances can range from short-term contractual arrangements in which two companies agree to cooperate on a particular task or project, such as developing a new product, to formal joint ventures in which two or more firms have equity stakes. An alternative description (Davis 1999) states that it is any form of cooperative linkage entered...
16 Pages(4000 words)Case Study

The Experiences of Boys and Girls in the Context of a Romantic Relationship

...Relationships and Connections of Variables in the Research Study The literature offers a myriad of information yielded by various researches on humanrelationships. Concepts on a wide spectrum from physiological responses to romantic relationships, emotions that are manifested during romances, social implications or consequences of engaging in romantic relationships, and perceptions and viewpoints that are attempted to explain some phenomena related to romance. Studies on romance include the studies of social scientists who unearthed evidence of physiological responses manifested by heightened hormones in new romances (ex. the researches of Dr. Donatella Marazitti (Kahn, 2004) and Helen Fisher (Fisher, 2004). Adolescents, who... and...
17 Pages(4250 words)Case Study

Language Learning Strategies of Listening Comprehension

...Do meta-cognitive Language Learning Strategies assist in the SLA of listening comprehension? Learning Disabilities Even though most researchers agreeabout the characteristics of learning disabilities, there is a disagreement about what should or should not be included in the definition of learning disabilities. While there is some agreement about these general topics, there is continued disagreement in the field about diagnostic criteria, assessment practices, treatment procedures, and educational policies for learning disabilities. A number of influences have contributed to these disagreements, which in turn, have made it difficult to build a generalized body of scientific and clinical knowledge about learning disabilities... meta-cognitive...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice

...Overview of Contemporary American Catholic Homiletic Theory and Practice Luke 4:16-21 The foundation moment in Christian preaching is written in Luke4:16-21, when Jesus went into the synagogue in Nazareth and stood up to read the scroll of the prophet Isaiah “and he begun by saying to them, ‘today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing’”. (Luke 4:21) Upon the ripening of time, Jesus stood at that moment as the prophetic speaker proclaiming God’s scriptural Word, declaring the fulfillment of the prophecy in Isaiah in his person. He spoke in revelation of the fulfillment of written words to a congregation, laying down the foundation of Christian preaching that has since been the basic implement in the sustenance and propagation...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Marks and Spencer Organizational Development Process

...Table of Contents Page No INTRODUCTION 2 BODY 2 Anticipating the Need to Change, Problem and Area for Improvement 3 Impact of Organization’s Culture 3 Client and Practitioner Considerations 5 Diagnostic Process and Data Collection 5 Overcoming Resistance to Change 5 Institutionalization Action Plan and Timeline 6 Action Plans, Strategies, and Techniques 7 Specific Intervention Analysis 7 CONCLUSION 8 REFERENCES 9 Introduction: Marks and Spencer is major retail business group having over 125 years of retail business experience. Its operations are widely expanded in domestic and international... of Contents...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

The Effects of Media to Its Audience

... The Effects of Media to Its Audience Introduction Media is known to have an influence on the audience. This can be attributed to the fact that the relationship of media and the audience completes the basic process of communication. The media and its components can be considered as the stimuli causing the audience to react in different ways. One of the main areas of interest in the said field is the affective process of the media. In the study undertaken, the main objective is to present the ways and means which exhibit the effects of the media on the different types and classification of audiences. In addition, the said effects are also classified into advantageous and detrimental in nature. The Media and the Audience... The Effects of ...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Evaluation of Performance of a Bank Using Published Accounting Data

...Table of Content Introduction: 2 Background 3 Thesis ment 4 Main Body 4 Conclusion 6 Limitations 7 Recommendations 7 Bibliography 8 Evaluation of Performance of a Bank Using Published Accounting Data Introduction: Banks are the global industrial powerhouses1 and they have introduced very complex and risky products and services. During its operation, every bank is exposed to credit risk, liquidity problems, interest risk, market risk, operational and management risk.2 The collapse of banking industry severely influences the world financial system, which means that it is very important to evaluate the performance of the banks. There are different parameters based on which performance of a bank can be evaluated such as financial... of Content...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Using Computers to Teach Mathematics is Better than Traditional Methods

...Using computers to teach Mathematics is better than traditional methods Computer technology has changed the face of education, and is a useful tool in the teaching of other subjects as well with Mathematics being no exception. Various calculating devices have long been used in Mathematics, but the computer offers an even greater potential. Some teachers are reluctant to use computers, for example on the grounds that it is an expensive option and not every child has access to one at home, but its prevalence nowadays means that students should be given the opportunity to use computers in their Mathematics lessons. They have the advantage of being able to make complex calculations much quicker, demonstrate graphical visualisations... computers...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Understanding Facial Expressions

...Understanding Facial Expressions Introduction Facial expressions are distinct human features which set us apart from the other creatures in the animal kingdom. For every emotion we feel – from the happy to the sad to the pained and to the ecstatic, there are various facial expressions that we can manifest. This paper shall discuss facial expressions and how we can understand and interpret them from a psychological point of view. Various psychology journals shall be used in order to explain and evaluate these facial expressions. Discussion In a study by Calder and Young (2005), they sought to understand the recognition of facial identity and facial expressions. They first pointed out that our face can portray different... Facial...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Teaching Chinese College English Reading with Task-based Approach

...and Learning. [Online] Available at: HYPERLINK "http://164.100.150.131/megNIC/elearning/SECOND_LANGUAGE_TEACHING_LEARNING.pdf" http://164.100.150.131/megNIC/elearning/SECOND_LANGUAGE_TEACHING_LEARNING.pdf [Accessed 30 August 2010]. Mitchell, R., 1994. The Communicative Approach to Language Teaching. Teaching Modern Languages, pp.33-41. Moore, T. and Yujie, L., 2006. College English Teaching. Brisbane: Central Queensland University. Ni, J., 2003. From Seventeen to Seventy Words a Minute: Rapid Changes in College Englsih Teaching in China over the Past Twenty Years. ALM, 11(3), pp.3-7. Nunan, D., 1989. Understanding Langugae Classrooms: A Guide for Teacher-initiated Action. Hertfordshire: Prentice...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Participatory Rural Appraisal

PRA principally defines or segregates facts that the rural society or the community is still to be developed. It is in this context that the PRA method plays a crucial role in raising awareness amid the rural people to focus on education. PRA is an activity where a group of people or community intends to learn about the priorities, which are mainly concerned with universal facts such as - population concern, the importance of literacy, and the mode of education implemented in the modern and literate world. The PRA technique is not only concerned or focused on the education of children but also holds significant applicability among adults and too. It has been owing to its wide applicability, PRA has been into extensive use for enab...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Case Study on topic E-Learning Case Study for FREE!

Contact Us