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There is considerable evidence that children readiness for kindergarten is enhanced in prekindergarten programs (Vygotsky, 1962). The program characteristics are critical since huge tax revenues have been invested in those programs. The study explored whether profile membership was linked to gains in school readiness in prekindergarten years (Vygotsky, 1962). High quality prekindergarten programs lead to better child outcomes. Constructivist theory provides that an adult should provide children with rich materials to promote self exploration while socio-cultural theory requires responsive interactions with children. Child care environmental quality assessments include play activities, relationships and peer play (Howes, 2000). It is important to conduct beyond environment child assessments to classroom engagement since a meta-analysis of 20 relational studies shows measures of child-care quality and school outcomes are weakly linked (r= 0.12). A person-centered approach considers the entire child engagement by placing children in to profiles. Socio dramatic play develops problem solving skills, and constructive play aids children learn symmetry (Smith, 1996). A second model asserts that children learn from tutor instructions such as feedbacks, discussions and instructions. A third category is the children who learn from teacher scaffolding (Wood, Bruner & Ros, 1976). Free play children might develop language and spatial skills according to the existing literature while children dependent on teacher instructions will develop skills such as writing names and knowing names since they are less likely to be learned through free play (Wood, Bruner & Ros, 1976). Children who use teacher scaffolding develop literacy skills. Children from low income have little access to rich materials thus benefit more from direct instructions and feedbacks unlike children from middle-income families who benefit from their own initiated child-play (Hamre & Pianta,
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In this paper, current practices related to the use of oral sucrose in the relief of pain in preterm infants will be reviewed and compared based on the methods and validity of the results. Furthermore, implications for the current guidelines will also be discussed along with the knowledge gaps that require further research.
Patients were then not allowed to take anything by mouth from midnight before surgery. The period of pre-operative fasting or starvation of adequate length was found necessary when surgery was under general anaesthesia or regional anaethesia to prevent the regurgitation of stomach contents into the lungs causing the chemical pneumonia.
To learn more on how the community pharmacists can take advantage of the New Medicine Service self-assessment tool when offering the New Medicine Service to the public, this study conducted a literature review to explore new ways on how the New Medicines Service self-assessment tool can be utilized for the continuing professional development (CPD) of the community pharmacists.
Social pedagogy is a child-centred educational system which considers a playful learning environment to be of utmost value to prepare preschool children to meet the challenges in the kindergarten setting. Social pedagogy promotes preschoolers’ acquisition of greater social skills, which will subsequently help them in kindergarten to form and maintain friendly bonds with peers, and to manage the introduction of academics without any difficulty.
During an economic recession, the goal of talent management often changes. Likewise, the transition from economic turmoil towards recovery requires a clear-cut articulation of the goals, targets and expectations that would steer a company towards a path of progress (Russell 2001, p 579).
Pre-conception: These days, problems like difficulty to conceive and infertility are on the rise, so a lot of new methods are being discovered and used to manage these problems. One of these methods is the use of hypnosis, which might cast doubt in many people's minds but according to extensive researches done by medical personnel, it has the potential of playing a major role in solving problems associated with conception.
Li (2009) stated that personal aspects of individuals which tend to have an impact on the business performance are personality traits and capabilities with respect to the procedure of entrepreneurship. Emphasising on a similar context, Kiggundu (2002) argued that the overall entrepreneurial capabilities are attributes of entrepreneurship which comprise approaches, principles, knowledge, skills, personality traits and behavioural attitudes.
14). To increase the learning exposure of these children, policy makers created the New Primary Curriculum which strongly suggests the need to incorporate the use of ICT in early childhood education throughout the United Kingdom (Howard, Miles and Rees-Davies, 2010; Stephen and Plowman, 2008).
The post-secondary school education required among these learners is meant to help them to lead economically independent lives, as well as counter the complexities of the political and social issues they will encounter. The attainment of a baccalaureate degree offers the learner a competitive advantage above their counterparts (Pennington, 2004).
According to the paper, business leaders, parents, the general public, and parents are quickly appreciating the vital role seen to be played by a child’s first few years in the general promotion of the child’s healthy social, physical, intellectual and emotional development. This includes developments in a number of key cognitive functions.
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