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An individual’s right to refuse medical treatment, as may be supported by the principle of autonomy, is trumped by ethical and legal obligations that identifies a physician’s duty of care besides the need to maximize a patient’s wellbeing. This should be the case because a patient may exercise the right to refuse treatment out of uninformed opinion and attitude, unlike physicians’ informed opinion (White, 2005; Cowart, 2002).
Even though Dax was an adult with a contractual capacity, the medical personnel were under both legal and moral obligation to ensure provision of healthcare. The personnel’s decision to treat Dax against his will was justified by deontological and teleological theories that promote benefit maximization. The doctrine of autonomy, however, justified Dax’s decision to forego the treatment (White, 2005; Cowart,
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Notably, law and ethics present controversies that culminate in grave healthcare care issues. An example of such an issue is associated with the HIV/AIDS and confidentiality. The law institutes regulations that promote confidentiality; however, most of these regulations present situations that raise ethical concerns; hence, culminating in dilemmas (Hall, Bobinski & Orentlicher, 2007).
The center also takes pride in the highly competent, committed and compassionate nursing staff it has incorporated into the facility's system. In an effort to achieve its set vision and mission, the center has established a Code of Ethics which is expected to guide the practitioners and the stake holders involved.
These factors have redefined medical practices to fit into the changing health delivery system. Thus, Medical Profession is 'accountable' to the society. i.e. obliged to the laws regulating the professional activity. This 'accountability' is usually spelt out in "Patient Care Documents" established by hospital associations and medical associations or councils of every country (Suzanne, 2004).
This code of ethics serves as guidelines to these practitioners to do what is right and honorable. It also assists them to make wise decisions, particularly when faced with difficult situations where they may be asked to compromise their integrity and values.
Now, conversely, giving the Krampitz family the benefit of doubt, the possibility exists that they were unaware of the fact they were cutting the line. After all, they had placed their trust in their doctor who knew best what he was doing. And it is the doctor's duty to do everything possible to save his patient's life.
For example: Pancreatic cancer is the disease from which Mr. Mills is experiencing and due to the disease he is experiencing immense pain and the physician, Mr Robinson, administers morphine to decrease
Ethics in healthcare is a key factor that applies to the day to day practice of nursing. Each day nurses continue to face issues that call for the application of the set ethical and legal principles of nursing, but even at those times choosing to save life by applying the best perceived action might contradict the prevailing code of practice or legal rights of the patient.
health administrators should ensure that the health care system is based on ethics, where they should not cause harm to the patients and always promote social justice. Ethics allow nurses and patients to relate with each other appropriately because there is respect and the need
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