StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Questions and Answers - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
It is obvious that adults’ assumptions about children shape their attitudes and ideas when it comes to children’s literature and the types of books written, published and chosen for children. In other words, ideas about children are relevant within the society: about how and…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.1% of users find it useful
Questions and Answers
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Questions and Answers"

Questions and answers How do our assumptions about children shape our attitudes to and ideas about children’s literature and, as a consequence, the types of books that are written, published and purchased for children?
It is obvious that adults’ assumptions about children shape their attitudes and ideas when it comes to children’s literature and the types of books written, published and chosen for children. In other words, ideas about children are relevant within the society: about how and what they need to read as well as who they are (Nodelman & Reimer, 2003). Culture, religion, race, social systems, gender, class among others play a crucial role in shaping adults’ ideologies concerning children’s literature. What people classify as obvious determines how they operate; adults always manipulate their own ideologies into taking for granted.
Adults choose the books they think are good and appropriate for children. However, it is dangerous when adults consider the implications of ideas about children’s literature by their ideologies, which underlie children. Sometimes, they may think that children have limited understanding and short attention span. As a result, they think children’s ability to respond to literature, with any degree of understanding, is seriously limited (Nodelman & Reimer, 2003). Consequently, they are partly unilateral. In addition, many adults are far more interested in determining what children should not read than what and how they should. Adults have the responsibility of assisting children to understand what they read in an appropriate way. We should explain to them with suitable words, rather than just forbid them to read certain material. This is because children have the right to choose various books, texts, images and select what interests them.
Although adults possess a repertoire of knowledge about literature that might as well be useful in choosing appropriate books for children, we should pay significant attention to how assumptions work to avoid being arbitrary. As Nodelman & Reimer (2003) state, adults should be wary of their own censoriousness. Furthermore, adults’ selection should be based on each child individually.
# 2.
What is meant by postmodernism and metafiction?
Postmodernism
During the last half of the twentieth century, scholars defined postmodernism as changes in philosophy, literature, art, architecture and music (Pantaleo & Sipe, 2008, p. 1). Additionally, Coles and Hall (cited in Pantaleo & Sipe, 2008), depict postmodernism as changes made in different aspects - in history, society and culture.
Metafiction.
Waugh (1984) illustrates that metafiction pushes us away as it says “dont forget what you are reading is an artefact but not real” (cited in Sipe, 2011, p.247). Postmodernism and metafiction include narrative fragmentation, discontinuity, disorders, chaos, code mixing, absurdity, openness, playfulness and parody (Mc Callum, cited in Pantaleo & Sipe, 2008).

# 3
What are some of the characteristics of a postmodern picture book?
Sipe (2007) indicates that the key role of postmodern picture book is to enhance childrens abilities to interpret both words and pictures. In addition, Lewis (2001) states that the most characteristic features of postmodern picture books are their Meta fictive qualities (cited in Sipe, 2011, p. 247). These qualities include playfulness, multiplicity of meanings, intertextuality, subversion, self referential and Meta fictive techniques (Sipe & McGuire, 2008, cited in Sipe, 2011; and Pantaleo & Sipe, 2008).

References
Nodelman, P. & Reimer, M. (2003). ‘Chapter 5: Common assumptions about childhood’, in The Pleasures of children’s Literature, 3rd ed. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. pp. 79-107.
Pantaleo, S. & Sipe, L. (2008). Introduction: Postmodernism and picure books, in Pantaleo, S. & Sipes, L. (eds), Postmodern Picture books: Play, Parody and self-Referentialy. London: Routledge. pp. IV, 1-5.
Sipe, L. (2011). New directions for picture books (and other sequential art) from The art of the picture book, in Wolf, S., Coats, K., Enciso, P. & Jenkins, C. (eds), Handbook of Research on Childrens and Young Adult Literature. New York: Routledge. pp. 246-52. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Questions and Answers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1”, n.d.)
Questions and Answers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words - 1. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1592418-questions-and-answers
(Questions and Answers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1)
Questions and Answers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1. https://studentshare.org/education/1592418-questions-and-answers.
“Questions and Answers Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1592418-questions-and-answers.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Questions and Answers

Social Questions and Answers

In the United s, hot dogs, hamburgers, french fries, and ice cream have long been considered national favorites. What cultural patterns helpexplain the love of these kinds of foods? Sporting events led to many fast food being served. Hot dogs, fries, hamburgers, and even ice cream can be bought across the country at sporting events, movies, and fairs. Most of American foods were borrowed from countries where the immigrants came from. Although the ‘pure’ versions of these made it across the ocean or into America, due to local tastes different versions formed to create the dishes of cultural American today. The food evolved into become classic American. 2. Do you think that a global culture is emerging? Do you regard the prospect of...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Questions and Answers

... questionable practices and were rewarded for bringing income to the organization. The entire managerial machine participated in this process, and subordinated the functions it had to fulfill to newly-formed philosophy and value of the company. 4. What was Enron’s vision? How did the corporate culture and organizational leadership support or undermine this vision? “Enron's vision is to become the world's leading energy company – creating innovative and efficient energy solutions for growing economies and a better environment worldwide.” I think the leaders of Enron were blinded by this vision that they forgot about their ethical base, which they themselves formulated. Their leaders lived by this vision so much so that they forgot about...
2 Pages (500 words) Case Study

Polynesian Questions and Answers

...?Question Islands in the Pacific after World War II have been placed under a Trusteeship Program of the United Nations to take them over from being colonized by Japan during the war. To maintain control over the Polynesian islands and prior to fully giving them their independence, these Trust Territories were subjects of the United States where the main thrust is to teach them on how they shall govern themselves and enhance their own economy. This was a particularly calculated move since the super power would not want other states to exercise power in these strategic islands. Subsequent to these changes, military bases were established on some of the islands but no real intervention came until 1961 when the U.S. allotted $15 million...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Education - Questions and Answers

...? Education Education Concept of Curriculum Education scholars and philosophers to explain the meaning of curriculum have put many concepts forward. A review of some of the definitions behind the concept reveals a shifting of meaning in relation of the changing nature of education across time and space. In the opinion of some scholars, the concept of curriculum encompasses the structural design of the learning process. It is the manner in which the formal learning systems structure their processes in order to impact effectively on the learner (Laurillard, 2010). This definition of curriculum stems from the proposition of formal learning, which considers it as an organized and systematic discourse. As such, curriculum becomes... Education...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Questions and answers

... Describe the teachings of Paul. How do they differ from those of Jesus in the Gospels? Paul’s teachings differ from those of Jesus according to the gospels in various ways. Firstly, theology scholars have argued that Paul’s teachings were different from those of Jesus in their theme. For example, Jesus’ teachings focused on the kingdom of heaven while those of Paul generally focused justification through faith. The ideological difference between the two is that Jesus’ teachings revolved around the kingdom of God, the grace of God, and the importance of repentance, while those of Paul dwelled on the importance of living a life of faith to ensure that one enters the kingdom of heaven. Paul’s teachings differ from those of Jesus... Describe the ...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Questions and answers

...? An argument for the existence of universal human virtues- compassion theme Introduction There are different views on compassion, which are based on different backgrounds, including philosophical, religious and traditional. There are different Hindu traditions that considered compassion as self-control and charity, which is evidence that this was a universal virtue to them. In the teachings of Buddha, practice of compassion was very important and it was treated as a sign of good move in the pain of other people. Also, the teachings of Jesus embodied the essence of compassion and relational care. Jesus Christ advocated his followers to abandon their own desires and to conduct themselves compassionately towards other people... An argument for...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Entrepreneurism: Questions and Answers

...Entrepreneurism: Questions and Answers What is the difference between an entrepreneur and an intrapreneur? An entrepreneur is a person who is trying things until successful, learning from failures, attempting to conserve his personal resources in executing a profitable venture. (Wikipedia) He is the one assuming the financial risks of the initiation, operation and management of a business (CSUN.edu) An intrapreneur is the person who focuses on innovation and creativity and who transforms a dream or an idea into a profitable venture, by operating within the organizational environment. Thus, an intrapreneur is an inside entrepreneur. An intrapreneur uses the organization’s...
11 Pages (2750 words) Essay

Questions and answers

...Questions and Answers Article 1. Discuss three processes of globalization evident in this article. Three processes of globalization evident in the article are international trade, investments and information technology. All these factors contribute to corporate capitalism which has led to globalization. Globalization is normally driven by International trade and investments and it is aided by Information technology. All these processes are well outlined in the article. For one, the author has described that protesters were against capitalism since large companies were exploiting customers in third world countries. This brings out the aspect of international trade and investments that have been made by these companies in various parts...
6 Pages (1500 words) Essay

Questions and Answers

... A soliloquy is the sharing of ones thoughts and feelings or talking by oneself, thereby communion with the audience in a drama. It helps a character to share his/her inner most feeling with the audience. As applied in the Shakespeare book, a character like Othello he in traps the audience as they do the play (Shakespeare, 2001). This gets to involve the audience and help to keep them captive to being keen to the play. It helps the audience to even think of what will happen next, and keep them curious. Lago speaks about his hatred for Moor, and he wants to revenge by joining hands with Roderio. This is influenced after he suspects that Cassio was given the post, by reasons of Desdemona’s friendship, and because he interfered... A...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Questions and answers

... Ch. 26-WW11 Thefollowing are the areas that were attacked by the Japanese as a revenge for embargoes. In 1931 japan attacked Manchuria which is in northern part of china and some other leading cities across Asia. In 1940, assaulted against American fleet in the pacific and mainly attacked Southeast Asia. They bombed Pearl Harbor which is in Hawaii which lead too many people killed, sinking of 17 ships and the number of airplanes that crashed was 188. 2.)In 1942 Japanese had planned to attack midway which was approximately 1100 miles to pearl harbor , unfortunately the Americans had learnt about their plans and they were ready waiting for the Japanese which led to battle between Americans and Japanese. This time the Americans... Ch....
3 Pages (750 words) Assignment

Tort Law of the United Kingdom: 3 Problem Questions

Trespass on land, goods, and person is altogether the most common type of tort, but in all cases, the main concern is the allocation of responsibility for whatever losses are sustained. For anyone party to be held responsible for violation of the tort law, the claimant must establish that there is a duty of care and that there has been a breach of that duty to cause damage or loss to the claimant that needs to be compensated by an award of damages. There is a breach of the duty-of-care principle if the defendant is proven to have failed to do what a reasonable person will do in the situation presented.

Francesca was a chambermaid of good standing at Hulton hotel until a regular hotel guest stormed into the manager&rsquo...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Anwering Three Questions of Philosophy

Basically, where he drew a comparison between the two, was by equating their attempt to explain concepts and constructs therein, by the use of numbers (Pythagoras) and ideas (Plato).

Aristotle believed that these were comparable in the sense, that these were arrangements of convenience, wherein additions or subtractions in the notions could be contrived at a theoretical convenience, just so that a link could be established amongst the theoretical construct originally proposed by them. Aristotle believed that Plato advocated the notion that forms (ideas) cause both existence and generation. On the other hand, Aristotle felt that Pythagoras supported the idea that numbers try to explain the connotation of the universe and...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Biology Data-based Questions

Potassium or K and Calcium or Ca has shown greater Mean Residence Time in rainforest chaparral when compared to temperate forests whereas Phosphorus or P demonstrates maximum variance in Mean Residence Time.

In general, plant productivity and Mean Residence Time are such that one increases whilst the other decreases. In subarctic regions, there is low plant productivity and greater Mean Residence Time.

In tropical forests, the mean residence time of nutrients is influenced by higher temperatures than in subarctic forests. Therefore, there is a vast difference in the MRT of nutrients pertaining to the tropical rainforest and the subarctic forest.

Nuclear fission weapons tests in 1961 released radioa...
10 Pages (2500 words) Assignment

Communitarian and Cosmopolitan Approaches to Questions of Justice

Cosmopolitan/Communitarian divide relates to a dispute on whether or not the state or the species stand in for the limit of human society. In Campbell’s distinguished definition, he explained justice as “like the pre-original, anarchic relation to the other, and akin to the undecidable. It represents the domain of the impossible and the unrepresentable that lies outside and beyond the limit of the possible and the representable.” (1994, p. 472)

In general, there are two contrasting positions in understanding international justice and intervention. In its universal sense, the two perspectives can be distinguished as a particularist and universalist. One perceives in a state-centric manner while the othe...
7 Pages (1750 words) Literature review

Answers for Admission Committee

Later on according to my working performance, the manager promoted me as the new FIC of project C. In such a case, I faced a huge challenge. To expand the edge of my comfort zone, I decided to get over this challenge.
According to the practical situation, I took the active action of preparatory work, which included initially avoiding last-minute surprise to the client. I immediately informed customers of the personnel alteration situation of the team and discussed the implementation time of the project with customers; secondly, I collected customers’ information, demands, and expectations as much as possible, and at the earliest from the executive and previous FIC before his last day. Meanwhile, I communicated with FC o...
8 Pages (2000 words) Admission/Application Essay

10 Answers about African American Literature

This sentence describes where Linda gets her strength and hopes in achieving her freedom. Her hopes came once again from hearing her father’s voice as she passed through the old meeting house. Bringing this picture up in this part of the story actually emphasizes the soft voices of those who have been enslaved before, that these people did not put down their plans and hopes for freedom even until their death. That is why in this scenario, the whispers of his father’s voice are very effective for her renewed hopes.

2. “The calm, deliberate composure with which he spoke of his late deeds and intentions, the expression of his fiendlike face when excited by enthusiasm, still bearing the stains of the blood...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

Job Application Questions

According to Gee & Gee (1999), delivering the best customer service includes: having the right attitude, understanding the customer’s needs, communicating clearly, taking action, and ensuring customer satisfaction. A professional approach and making the most of the opportunities for excellence that present themselves are advocated by Bonomo (2002).

I was eager to face challenging situations and resolve problems to the clients’ satisfaction. In one such situation, a client arrived in a hurry for a meeting. He introduced himself as X, a large-scale exporter of petroleum products from the United Kingdom. He wished to discuss and finalize a mutually beneficial contract related to the regular, wholesale purch...
8 Pages (2000 words) Assignment

Short Answers for Plant Diversity Botany Class

...Q1. Describe the plant cell wall, including its location, composition, origin, function and other important aspects. (http micro.magnet.fsu.edu/cells/plants/images/plantcell.jpg) Answer: Cell wall is the most important characteristic feature of the plant cell. It is important for maintaining the appropriate shape of the plant cell and hence of the plant. It is present outside the plasma membrane of the plant cell. It provides rigidity to the plant cell. It enables the plant to stand tall and also allows the leaves to get sunlight. These are the two essential features of the plant and cell wall plays the important role to carry out these functions. It prevents the plasma membrane from rupturing when the cell is placed in the hypotonic...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment

The Assessment Plan, Education Questions, Checklist on Communication

... the candidate follow the two witness’s teaching inspection? 3 Did the candidate respond to the instructor’s inquiries in an appropriate manner? 4 Did the candidate take part in a one hour education task? 5 Did the candidate follow a 60 minutes radio presentation on teaching skills? Tool C: Questionnaire on communication. No QUESTION Answer 1 What are the resources required by a teacher? 2 What are the traits of a responsible teacher? 3 What are the characteristics of an objective of a lesson? 4 What are the major components of a lesson plan? 5 How can a teacher handle misbehaviour in his class? These tools and the assessment plan were selected because they are suitable in assessing the skills of the candidates because...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

50 Questions from Book Titled The Happiest Refugee by Anh Do

...The happiest refugee Prologue Questions Directions: Write the answers to the following questions in complete sentences Why does Anh call Dad a hypocrite? He believes his dad is a hypocrite because he says him and his mother are happy because he married the right woman yet he left them and their mother he was still young thirteen years. 2. What does Anh actually end up doing when he meets Dad? What are his feelings? He engages in a conversation with his dad, laughs and feigns enjoyment. Although he keeps wondering if he should head butt his dad or not, wonders who the woman that opens the door is, if the baby is his kid and what a shitty place his dad lives in. He is feeling confused inside and seething with anger and hatred and violence...
9 Pages (2250 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Questions and Answers for FREE!

Contact Us