Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Summary - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The article, ‘Apraxia of Speech: An Overview’ by Ogar et al., discusses the various aspects of Apraxia of Speech or AOS, which can be broadly described as speech disorder. Scholars have mainly tried to identify its cause and characteristics to define its cognitive and…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.8% of users find it useful
Research summary
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Summary"

The article, ‘Apraxia of Speech: An Overview’ by Ogar et al., discusses the various aspects of Apraxia of Speech or AOS, which can be broadly described as speech disorder. Scholars have mainly tried to identify its cause and characteristics to define its cognitive and clinical development. The speech disorder has been under controversy because of its resemblance with other diseases like Dysarthria, Aphasia and conduction aphasia. It is a neurodegenerative disease that is distinct in its inability to ‘coordinate the sequential, articulatory movements necessary to produce speech sounds’ (Ogar et al., 2005). Vascular lesion is considered as its leading cause, but scholars believe that trauma and tumors may also result in AOS.
In AOS, there is loss of control in articulation resulting in reduced ability to sequence, time and coordinate the phonemes that lead to speech errors. The articulation is disrupted due to damage in central nervous system. It is characterized by persistent dysprosody or speech having abnormal rhythm, stress and intonation with repeated utterances in order to become articulate. It is often confused with Aphasia or conduction aphasia and Dysarthria. While Aphasia highlights language deficit and cannot select correct phonemes but has speech continuity, AOS uses correct phonemes but cannot articulate due to motor deficiency and therefore, speech is halting and repetitive. On the other hand, Dysarthria affects articulation due to muscle impairment while AOS has linguistic error is due to lack of motor control.
There is more than one type of AOS as defined by the damages in different part of brain. The treatment is often focused on speech articulation therapy that is designed to improve intonation and stress through repetition of words and speech sound. Augmentative devices and alternative means like gestures, drawing, writing etc. are used for severe AOS patients. The research shows that efficacy of treatment mainly relies on experimental designs as per the needs of the patients. The study is hugely significant because it has helped to distinguish it from the various other forms of speech disorders. Most importantly, clear diagnosis has helped clinicians to address its intervention techniques.
I strongly believe that the paper encourages more in depth study of the subject so that new variant of AOS could be identified. AOS is complex in its characterization and causes. As such, it necessitates early deduction so that patients can use appropriate intervention to bring under control the degenerative feature of the disease. It is distinct in its motor disability of carrying out smooth speech and repetitive nature of intonation that may often result in low esteem as patients are aware of their disability. Hence, early deduction and intervention would greatly help to improve the speech and expedite the treatment.
Moreover, the advancing technology vis-à-vis modern acoustic system, physiologic and neuro-imaging techniques etc. have emerged as critical tools to understand the various aspects of Apraxia of Speech. They have also helped to evolve new technology based intervention like communication devices, electromagnetic feedback etc. which have provided the medical fraternity with more options and the patients with higher level of care and treatment.
(words: 508)
Ogar, Jennifer et al. (2005). Apraxia of Speech: An Overview. Neurocase, 11, 427-432. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Research summary Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Research summary Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Research Summary Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Research Summary Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Research Summary Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Real EstateFinance and Investment Research summary and market report

...?Summary Article: Efficient Market Values from Appraised Values Assuming an Efficient Market According to Geltner (1993) the main sources of empirical time series data on unsecuritised property returns in the United States is the Russell-NCREIF Index (RNI) and the Evaluation Associates Index (EAI), both of which are appraisal based indices. Geltner (1993) describes an approach to correct the problem of smoothing and lagging without assuming that true market returns are uncorrelated and unpredictable. Geltner models the structure of the publicly reported index returns including explicit considerations for the effects of the three behavioural factors: appraisal smoothing, temporal aggregates and seasonality of reappraisals. This model...
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Research Summary and Ethical Considerations

...? Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Introduction Measles is an extremely contagious disease, and it is transmitted from one person to another through the body fluids from the nose and mouth. It is usually more prevalent, in young children and the most vulnerable are those who do not have immunity from it. Immunity can be acquired if a person had the disease before or received a vaccine from it. The disease is becoming more rampant in Houston as identified in the children admitted in the Texas Children Hospital (Wheeler, 2007). Many suspected that the cause of disease is because of lack of knowledge of the hospital personnel like the nurses and doctors. The disease being highly...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Research Summary and Ethical Considerations

...? Research Summary: Overview and Ethical Considerations Research Summary: Overview and Ethical Considerations Background of the Study There is a lack of potential behavioral and biological information on autism incidence in infants from 0-1 year. The reason for this is the very nature of autism, which is more behavioral rather than biological. Due to this, it is hard to define and diagnose autism at an early age. The significance of the study is the fact that early-detection and intervention aids in ensuring the best possible future for the individual. The purpose of the research is to determine if autism can successfully and accurately be detected at an early age. The objective of the study is to establish the possibility of implementing...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Research summary

The Australian Government makes unprecedented investment in the education sector; particular emphasis is laid on the improvement of the state of undergraduate education in the country and the technical training facilities. It makes investments in universities and other tertiary education channels with the aim of driving an overall comprehensive reform in the training sector in the economy and the post-compulsory education sector (Pritchett 367). This includes a two-fold step; short term injection of fund to the weak areas of the economy on one hand and on the other hand, building up on the strengths of the education sector in the economy. At present the education sector of Australia is strong enough to boost up the economic poten...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment

Research summary

Between 2000 and 2005 silicosis has been documented to be the cause of 162 annual deaths in the US. During hydraulic fracturing, inhaling dust is hard to avoid and hence the necessary protective gear need to be worn to avoid this. The source is applicable to update Gasland subtopic because it outlines how natural gas and oil extraction produces silica that pollute the air causing health complications such as kidney disease, autoimmune disorders, lung cancer and tuberculosis. Although, hydraulic fracturing is seen as profitable it is the main cause of death in the US as inhaling dust from such extraction is hard to avoid and hence the necessary protective gear need to be worn to avoid this Winter, Mary. "Drilling Down on Shale Gas...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Case Study: Research Summary ( Marketing Research class)

...Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ……………………………………………………..3 RESEARCH OBJECTIVES ……………………………………………………..3 MENT OF THE METHOD ……………………………………………………..3 KEY FINDINGS …………………………………………………….4 RECOMMENDATIONS …………………………………………………….5 CONCLUSION ……………………………………………………6 APPENDIX ……………………………………………………7 REFERENCE ……………………………………………………9 _______________________________________ Introduction Opening a new restaurant can be an exciting, but challenging endeavor. There is excitement that comes from anticipating great returns on your investment , but there are also many challenges. Owning and operating a restaurant requires a lot of technical knowledge, outside financial support and having a good knowledge of other businesses in the area. Any business...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Accounting research summary

... of individuals who form the organizations. Organizations make judgments and decisions that focus on the amount of information given to employees. In spite of perfectly rationalized assumptions that govern models of economic behaviors, it has been noted that the judgments and decision of producers and users are not effective. Research in managerial accounting is essential to help evaluate the quality of the judgment within any organization. This research provides useful insights in the benefit ad cost of managerial accounting practices that support decision making within the organization. An organizations managerial accounting system is a factor utilized to motivate employees. Research managerial accounting helps to determine the extent...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Research summary article on theorist Patricia Benner

... RESEARCH SUMMARY ARTICLE ON THEORIST PATRICIA BENNER Vicky Brown School: UCLA Research summary article on theorist Patricia Benner Introduction For a very long time, the debate on theory-practice gap has gone on in the field of nursing. Whereas some argue that it is important to make nursing practice a direct manifestation of what is learnt in theory (Barnum, 1998), there are other others like Patricia Benner who have opined that theory and practice can be treated independently. Search though literature produces very little results on what the outcome have been about people who attempted to practice nursing devoid of theory and those who practiced nursing purely based on theory. This notwithstanding, one core fact that cannot be disputed...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Nursing Research Summary and Ethical Considerations

... Nursing Research Summary and Ethical Considerations Introduction The birth of a child is a very important event in the life of a woman (CY Chan, Wong, Lam, Wong, & Kwok, 2014). The nature of birth a woman undergoes is also important, since it also defines her perception of childbirth long after the child was born. Thus, this study was undertaken to establish the perception of postpartum women on what entails the best nursing qualities for nurses attending to pregnant women after birth. The study applied a qualitative research methodology, consisting of analysis of interviews undertaken on 15 postpartum women who had given birth to healthy infants in a hospital in Hong Kong (CY Chan, Wong, Lam, Wong, & Kwok, 2014). The results...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Sports Law Milestone 3: Research Summary

...Sports Law Milestone 3: Research Summary Sports Law Milestone 3: Research Summary Vermont’s American Civil Liberties Union has a website that accommodates a rich database of decrees about discrimination in sporting activity. The website also contains numerous cases of legal action taken for or against sporting organizations or individuals in the past that service case studies for researching the role of law in in the response discrimination. The website describes itself is “freedom’s watchdog” that stands up for individual liberties and personal sovereignties legally by operating in courtrooms, senates, and communities as secured by the Constitution and the Bill of Rights (ACLU, 2015). As a result, this website is important...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Analysis of Two Nursing Research Publications

This includes data about the severity of the illness, the length of stay in the ICU and the hospital, the age of the care recipients, etc. This table also provides mean and standard deviation which are useful to simplify and summarize the data, so that an aggregate picture of the average care recipient can be used as the standard of comparison with the variables involved in this study.

The use of descriptive statistics in this study may not really be justified. The basic purpose of using descriptive
statistics and deriving the central tendency of a distribution is in order to deal with large volumes of data (Trochim, 2002). It offers a means to simplify data where there may be several quantitative measures or a lar...
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review

IT Management Overview of Open Source Software and Business Research

It has provided a very positive impact as an enabler for the creation of new markets and business opportunities. But depending upon the person some people still think that it is a temporary fashion in the software industry another, on the contrary, believes that changes caused by open source will be deep enough and will shape the software industry of the first decade of the 21st century.

What is Open Source Software? : One can not define the Open Source Software in a few words, because of many categories and variants that exist for Open Source Software. But it is not complicated and the term ‘Open Source Software’ itself gives an idea about it. Now before giving definition from various people about Open Sour...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

Critique of Statistical Methods for the Social Sciences Research by Agresti and Finlay

It was expected that the discussion would be about the costs associated with shrunken class size.  That it is impractical to decrease the number of students to 30 since it will not improve their academic proficiency, but would only increase costs.  Or if it does boost academic performance, it is too little to match the costs associated with that kind of class set-up. Simply stated, the cost of reducing class size to 30 is greater than the expected benefit. However, the proposal mainly dwelt on the ineffectiveness of reducing the class size, with no or minimal discussion on costs. The introduction creates a first impression on a written piece. That is why, short as it may be, the introduction should still brief and prepar...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Research Methodologies and Their Application to Counseling

Data must be subjected to the thinking process in terms of ordered reasoning.

Descriptive Research describes and interprets what it is. It is concerned with conditions of relationships that exist; practices that prevail; beliefs, processes that are going on; effects that are being felt, or trends that are developing.

The process of descriptive research goes beyond mere gathering and tabulation of data. It involves the elements or interpretation of the meaning or significance of what is described. Thus description is often combined with comparison and contrast involving measurements, classifications, interpretation, and evaluation.

In other words, descriptive research may be defined as the purposive...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper

Marketing Research Plan: Old Navy

Gap’s credit ratings thereby limiting access to the capital market, international trade matters which may be disruptive of the supply chain, changes to its IT systems disruptive of operations, changes in the IT services agreement with IBM that can disrupt operations and produce adverse effects on financial results, international expansion through franchising and other arrangements may impair the value of its brands if unsuccessful, products are subject to risks associated with overseas outsourcing and manufacturing, and failure of vendors to adhere to Gap’s code of vendor conduct could harm the business. From available data in the 2007 Annual Report, both the Gap and Old Navy brands have exhibited declining net sales....
11 Pages(2750 words)Business Plan

Research Methods in Linguistics

 The writer of content tries to preserve his/her culture and also wants his/her culture to get attached to his/her recent living due to which, he/she makes use of the bilingual aspect to write a narrative.

Because of this writing, the English reader faces some problem in decoding the meaning but he/she realizes the presence of another culture by means of this writing. Many writers provide a glossary at the end so that the readers face no problem in decoding the words given in another language such as Soueif has done but many take it for granted that readers know the other language as well.

The article contains a detailed evaluation of the novel by Soueif which can be categorized as the strength of the re...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Developing a Research Base for Intravenous Peripheral Cannula Resites

...Context of the Paper To begin with, the of the paper is very much apt for the content. Although the could have come up with a more direct title, the title “Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites. A randomized controlled trial” captures the essence of the paper and what the authors aim to address. They, however, could have made it more direct to the point by maybe saying that the study is about a comparison between 3 day cannula re-sites and cannula re-sites as dictated by clinical condition. Nonetheless, the chosen t title is suitable enough to briefly inform the reader of the topic of the research. Two hypotheses were tested in this paper. There are two groups that were compared in the paper...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Analysis of the Methods of 3 Research Papers about Child Abuse

Research ethics was maintained as the identity of the individuals participating was kept secret. As far as the validity of the study was concerned, the researchers attempted to use content validity in order to get an accurate response. The content validity focused on measuring off the ethnicities and gender percentages within the area and attempting to get a random sample of individuals via the phone. Their approach to random calling allowed for a significant random sample in the study. There were a few issues, however, with this type of approach. Those answering the phone sometimes were not always the desired individual, and not all of the desired people were surveyed. Different replacements did have to be used, and the attempt w...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Marketing Research and Its Ethical Principles

Many ethical questions are attached to market research in today’s world. Many ethical violations are taking place to achieve various motives like minimizing research costs through lack of informed consent of participants, violation of rights of the respondents, use of unauthorized information, confidentiality violations, making false statements and promises, etc. this paper will specifically focus on ethical issues about the Rights of the Respondents of marketing research.
Deontology suggests that people should fully comply with their obligations and responsibilities when it comes to ethically analyzing any situation. These obligations and responsibilities of the analyst may be towards a particular person, a group or co...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

A Framework for Critiquing Quantitative Research Papers

Relevant information of methods used from the Multifactorial Attitudes Questionnaire, Kruskal- Wallis test to ordinal regression have been elaborated.  The results, conclusions, and recommendations are clarified in the research work. Potential benefit is that it makes participants recognize that old need to be given care and inspire attitude change. The harm is that the participants may demand more from their employees relating to the topic. Approval of the Ethics Committee is noted. The findings are categorically explained. The themes include ageism, resources, professional esteem, and working environment. The findings have been explained under each sub-heading. The data have been presented with regard to each question an...

13 Pages(3250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Research summary for FREE!

Contact Us