This paper introduces the concept of management and leadership, and gives the arguments that management is an overarching concept within which leadership is consumed. It highlights some important differences between management and leadership and explains why more emphasis is now given to leadership…
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This essay discusses leading for change in the education sector, and also the contribution that teacher leaders can make to school leadership. It examines the type of leadership required and highlights some important differences between management and leadership. Management concerns the process of dealing with, controlling and being responsible for all activities and operations of an organisation. It involves coordinating all members and resources belonging to the organisation according to their potential, and the attempt is to be as efficient and effective as possible. Usually, aims and objectives are defined, planning is undertaken, and the progress is monitored. There is therefore, a focus on structuring, In the UK school system, the managerial tasks in schools are mostly handled by the head teacher, although some may be delegated to deputy heads and/or subject co-ordinators. Leadership places a great emphasis on personal qualities and how leaders influence others. Leadership is necessary for organisations in general because without it, an organisation fails to have vision, direction, order and discipline, and consequently, the performance of individuals within the organisation varies and they are unable to exploit their full potential. There are several forms of leadership, which differ in their style although they all share the essential qualities of leadership. Transformational leadership is one very popular form of leadership. In this form, there is a greater attempt to bring about changes to achieve certain goals.
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Educational leaders are facing challenges in their organizations that will require them to manage, change, and transform their organizations. According to Leithwood (2008), leadership is not so much a stand-alone function as a catalyst for other functions.
Any form of leadership will not be as successful as it is expected to be without any knowledge and capabilities in management, and vice versa. Leadership and management have to go together in order to lead the organization towards the fulfillment of its goals.
While the earlier theories tended to emphasize more on the behaviours and characteristics of the successful leaders; the theories generated later on focussed more on the followers roles and the contexts in which leadership prevailed. Majority of the theories are based on the individualistic perspective of the leaders.
The ability to have effective leadership in schools is one which is also essential to creating the right alternatives for learning and opportunities for students and the school system. It has been found that there are a variety of dimensions associated with effective leadership and the importance it holds within schools.
For several years continuous research on teacher leadership has been conducted and its importance for students as well as educational institutes has been identified (Ackerman, 1996). Teacher leadership has been linked with various aspects of education such as professionalism of teachers and changes in the structure of educational institutes.
In this paper, the main subject of discussion will be on transformational leadership. What I am going to cover in depth is the criticisms and arguments that are against transformational leadership. I will also help you as the reader understand what is referred to as the transformational leadership theory.
But this distinction does not hold good anymore. Leadership and management have become one and the same. Leaders have be good managers and managers have to be effective leaders.
When we watch a flock of geese across the sky, the flock mostly takes the shape of a broad 'V'.
According to Sadler (2003 p, 2), in the recent past, process of development of people for top jobs was seen as a management or executive development. In an environment that is predictable and relatively stable, organisations found it adequate to have people doing the functions of management.
The author states that the interest in transformational leadership is as a result of two tendencies. First, important international changes in the economy from the early 1970s meant that a lot of large companies in the west, such as AT&T and General Motors had to put into consideration extreme changes in their methods of conducting business.
At this time the focus of the school appears to be pastoral and there is reference in the transcript to strong community support and links and has less emphasis on academic excellence. The school has a poor leadership that lacked direction and
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