StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Student Support in Open and Distance Learning - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
In this article, Allan Tait (2003) reflects on the need for student support and distance learning (ODL). The article, a reflection paper as introduced by the author, deals with the historical development of ODL and the theories associated with it, more particularly on Michael Moore's (1993) theory of transactional distance…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.3% of users find it useful
Student Support in Open and Distance Learning
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Student Support in Open and Distance Learning"

Download file to see previous pages Quoting Nonyongo (2002), Tait (2003) said the UNISA was not successful due to low success in terms of completion and throughput rates, the correspondence nature of programmes in comparison with well-functioning distance education, and inadequate learner support which is exacerbated by the lack of a co-ordinated regional network of learning centers. From here, Tait (2003) emphasizes the dangers of developing distance education without learner support.
In contrast to UNISA, Tait (2003) describes the Open University UK established in 1969 with modern distance education endowed with a range of teaching and learning media and forming an integrated student support system. The characteristics of the systems included a personal tutor for each student (one tutor for every 25 students), tutor feedback, computer-mediated tutorials, 260 study center networks, residential school experience at a minimum of one week, and career advice.
Tait (2003) then explains the main reasons for having student support integrated in an ODL system. First, the students want support. Second, drop-out rate can be reduced; and third, the nature of learning is such that the use of the Web has expanded the potential for learning outside or independently of teaching materials provided. He then summarizes the rationale for student support as being cognitive, affective, and systemic altogether. In other words, learning is both supported and developed; it relates to emotions supporting learning and its success; and the students themselves help manage the rules supporting their persistence (Tait, 2000).
In particular, Tait (2003) espouses Michael Moore's (1993) theory of transactional distance as a framework that may be used to understand student needs in a web-based learning environment. Accordingly, Moore believes that the space between the learner and the structure of teaching must be mediated by dialogue, giving the chance to the learner to participate actively in his learning. Tait (2003), however says, the theory needs to be challenged as all theories do by the application of new cases.
As the article opened up, I get the feeling that Tait (2003) is plugging for the Open University of UK because he worked there as faculty. As the article progressed, however, he presented many points valid from experience, and he became more credible. Words like, "power of mere asynchronous text to create and sustain interpersonal engagement" is true to the experience of many in this cyber-age. This now highlights the truism that face-to-face interaction may also suffer from various "distance" like psychological, interpersonal, cultural, linguistic, environmental, and the like.
Tait (2003) is well-versed with his topic on student support in web-based learning environments. Prior to this writing, he had already written scholarly publications on student support and distance learning from 1996 to 2000 to 2002. By the time he wrote this reflective item, Tait (2003) had already sharpened his arguments over much. In fact, although he was espousing Moore's (1993) theory of transactional distance, he was laying it down for examination and possible criticism. It appears that Tait (2003) is ready for new developments. I would rate the article a 4 because of his readiness ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Student Support in Open and Distance Learning Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1531178-student-support-in-open-and-distance-learning
(Student Support in Open and Distance Learning Essay)
https://studentshare.org/education/1531178-student-support-in-open-and-distance-learning.
“Student Support in Open and Distance Learning Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1531178-student-support-in-open-and-distance-learning.
  • Cited: 1 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Student Support in Open and Distance Learning

Challenges for Distance Learning

And, at the same time, geographic constraints and limited economic resources and increasing demand from students to get education at times that are accessible and convenient taking into account their personal commitments and busy schedules have further necessitated to avail this method of education(Roberts, 1998). The geographic constraints are mostly faced by those who live in developing countries and where the educational graph is below the standard under the international education ranking system; in which teaching and learning systems are ill-equipped and insufficient to deliver their expected educational objectives. Aggregately, both sides of education- teaching and learning- are not updated as they should be. As a result, t...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Teacher-Student Physical Distance

..., with windows to allow enough sunlight. The posters on the walls were made of attractive colors and were arranged in a manner that is pleasant to look upon. Yes, there were differences, but there were also similarities. So I wondered, what were the reasons that classroom set-up was arranged in a particular manner? Does it influence the studentslearning? How? In particular, is the distance between the instructor and the student important? How does it affect the learning of the students? When the reasons for these set-ups are understood, then more individuals will support it – especially if it means learning efficiency. The mentors will employ this knowledge seeing that this will aid them in their endeavors to pass on knowledge...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Distance Learning

... Lecturer’s Distance Learning Introduction Any system of learning where the behaviours of teaching is set apart from the behaviours that are involved in learning is known as distance learning. Distance learning can be considered as being effective but sometimes can also have some effects, which are negative to the student undertaking the study. This is mainly because the student cannot have a close contact with the tutor, and this has been a problem to other students who cannot work without being supervised. Distance learning has been considered to be more expensive than the normal learning lessons. This is considered a significant problem to the people who have chosen to use this mode of studying, so as to meet the requirements...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Student Satisfaction in Distance Learning

... Education Research and Development Society of Australasia (HERDSA) 26 (2003): 264-272. Hancock, B. An Introduction to Qualitative Research. Trent Focus Group, 2002. Harvey, L., Plimmer, L., Moon, S., and Geall, V. Student satisfaction manual. Bristol, PA: Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press, 1997. Liaw, S., and Huang, H. "How web technology can facilitate learning". Information Systems Management 1 (2002): 56-61. Patton, M. Q. Qualitative evaluation and research methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc., 2002. Petracchi, H.E. "Distance Education: What Do Our Students Tell Us" Research on Social Work Practice 10.3 (2000): 362 - 376. Phipps, R. A., and Merisotis, J. P. "Quality on the line...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Proposal

Distance Learning Institution

.... However, I lack the much-needed financial resources to back my business plan. Thus, I am preparing a presentation which I will use to seek the support of the CEO and other high ranking officials that invest in distance learning start-ups. After receiving my request, the business organization informed me that they would want to hear my proposal. I have set a meeting with the m next week in order for us to discuss my business plan. I believe that the use of meeting as a mode of communication emphasizes my deep respect for the organization. However, recognizing that the CEO and high ranking officials are always preoccupied with important issues in the business organization, I have only limited the meeting to 30 minutes. This way, I...
3 Pages(750 words)Assignment

Student Satisfaction in Distance Learning

... SATISFACTION IN DISTANCE LEARNING: RESEARCH PROPOSAL 2007 SATISFACTION WITH A DISTANCE LEARNING IN SOCIAL SCIENCES:RESEARCH PROPOSAL 1. INTRODUCTION One major consequence of the remarkable technological surge was the rapid development of computer-mediated distance learning. The beginning of the third millennium was marked by an impressive growth in distance education enrolment. Institutions of higher education continued to further develop distance learning offerings targeting the populations of working adults and international students who otherwise have limited access to higher education (Smart, and Cappel, 2006; Liaw, and Huang, 2002). The online enrolment estimations made in the late 1990s have been exceeded and continues to grow...
13 Pages(3250 words)Research Proposal

Online/distance learning programs

Paradoxically, however, even as more and more people are expressing interest in enrollment in online programs, online learners are experiencing dissatisfaction and disappointment. There are several reasons for the stated, not least of which are the lack on interpersonal interaction and the novelty of the experience. It is precisely because of this that it is imperative that universities which deliver online courses and educational programs design and implement a best-practices framework. Doing so requires that university administrators and faculty review and evaluate their online courses for the purposes of determining extent of adherence to best practices, following from which, if needed, they should redesign the courses in quest...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Distance Learning

Distance Learning My experience with computers has spanned over a period of 5 years. I have enjoyed being a part of this fraternity for a long time now. I have learned the tricks of the trades and envisioned myself to be a part of the technological age which everyone so fondly recalls. I have made use of CDs, DVDs, floppy diskettes and different ROMs when it comes to software. I have employed encyclopedias, atlases, games and training material through the software that I have used on computers. As for the internet usage, I have enjoyed browsing on the World Wide Web and chatted with friends and family members through the instant messaging service. I have also made use of the popular website YouTube to watch video clips from all ac...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Distance Learning

...Technology has redefined communication and significantly impacted all aspects of human interaction across the globe, including education. The distantlearning has emerged as major platform of education for people for whom classroom attendance is not possible. USDLA has defined it as acquisition of knowledge and skills, including technology and other forms of learning through mediated instructions and information at a distance. In other words, people are not constrained by particular location or school to gain education. Distance learning provides the individuals with opportunities to pursue his/her education from a distance. Technology, especially computer and internet has significantly contributed in popularizing it. Distance learning...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Distance Learning

Distance Learning Distance Learning Distance learning or distance education is the education where one is not confirmed in an area such as a classroom in order to learn. It involves getting the education where one has barriers such as time and distance separating the learner and the teacher. Distance learning is represented by two types: synchronous learning and asynchronous learning. Synchronous learning is where both have to be present at the same time during the session. Asynchronous learning is where the learner can access the material at their own disposal and time (Miller, 1989).
In the earlier days, distance learning was done through mails, audio and video recordings or print materials. With the improved technology, d...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Social Support to the Functional Health of Older Adults

For example, it has been said that when you are a participant of a certain senior center, the possibility of you getting mental complications as well as other health complications is uh-heard of (Glass, T. A. 1999 p.479).
In this regard, this paper will asses the impacts of attending a seniors center and whether attendance is better than not attending when one becomes old. Comparisons between the two will be carried out and will base on the following,
The elderly are people who have gone through a series of steps in life from a state where they are stable in terms of health and independence in the day to day running of their lives to a state of increased vulnerability, dependence and recurring illnesses (Jeremy, M. 2008...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

Outlining Explicit Learning Objectives and Outcomes for Teachers and Students

Explicit learning is presented by teaching the specific concepts individually and mastery occurs then after. The main key in such a mode of teaching is being highly structured in every activity that is undertaken inside the classroom can be considered as part of the organization of the technique. One of the defining features of the technique is the fact that the teacher commonly points out the part of the lesson where they are in, thus, the term used is explicit teaching (Boyles, 2002).
The explicit form of teaching can be considered to fit lessons that are considered to introduce certain concepts, ideas or skills that are needed to be learned and that the students have low familiarity or experience with. For that matter, the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

Language Learning Strategies of Listening Comprehension

... base is increased by solid research designed to support the identification of LD accurately. Students will suffer if the educational community is unable to come to a consensus in what constitutes LD. It will be interesting to see how educational authorities at the school, government and research levels will decide on what is best for those with LD. References Siegal, L (1989). Is IQ necessary in the definition of learning disabilities? Introduction to the special series. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 22, 469-479. Torgensen, J.K. (1991). Learning disabilities: Historical and conceptual issues. In B.Y.L. Wong (ED.), Learning about learning disabilities (pp.3-37). San Deigo: Academic Press. Wong, B.Y.L (1986). Problems and issues...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Esentials of Management: Team-Based Learning

Setting up successful teams is a prerogative of any organization and in the business world of present times; it is very much a need rather than a desire. The businesses have changed so as to create more room for teams than individual working ethos. This has given space to more facilitation within the working environments of teams since they bring combined efforts and usage of more brains than a singular person. The factors that stand important in the wake of successful teams include a commitment towards common goals and a simplistic and solitary objective which must be kept in mind at all times. These factors underline the basis of the teams performing a singular whole than disjointed units within the framework of the organization...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Launch Your Career in College - Learning Agreement

The student has also assessed his personal weaknesses and the threats that can be caused not only by his weaknesses but also by the outside environment that is outside of his control. Through the self-assessment that has been carried out in the Learning Agreement the student has come up with ways and means on how best to use strengths and combat the threats by reducing his weaknesses or rather playing to his strengths to the extent that he cannot fail.

The self-assessment has been used to further set long term and short term goals and decide on the different resources and support that will be required to meet those goals and objectives. Likewise, there is a commitment on the part of both the student to work to the best...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

A Hydrograph of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel

...Storm Drainage Design Project: A Hydrograph Analysis of River Cynon and Design of an Open Channel 0 Introduction River Cynon is geographically located in South Wales and stretches from Hirwaun to Abercynon as a major tributary of the River Taf. The river has a catchment area of 160 square kilometers. Rainfall and river stage is monitored at Station 57004 at Abercynon operated by the Environment Agency in Wales. The station is a Flat V weir, which serves as a velocity-area station for high flows. Gauging history revealed that this station is over-topped by extreme floods and receives effluent discharges from industrial areas within the catchment. The station is located at elevation 81.2 m (Centre for Ecology and Hydrology [CEH], 2005...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Developing a Strategy to Enhance Workplace Learning in Workplace at Travelex Foreign Exchange

As earlier stated, I have chosen to answer Option No. 1 which is about drafting and crafting a strategic plan which can be implemented in my workplace as a learning workplace on the basis of its analysis and identification made in the earlier assignments. As also required, the initial paragraph, following this, makes a brief review of what has been done in Assignments 1 and 2. Since as a Training Coordinator, my job entails the induction, training and assessment of the progress of the new hires, I have focused my answer to these three areas and divided the paper into Induction and Training, and; Assessment/Evaluation.

The first assignment was about the physical and social environments of the workplace and in that assign...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Learning and Memory Process

...Profile Report This report compares and contrasts the answers provided by the interviewees X and Jason. Learning and memory process Interviewee X prefers to learn by observation and has the ability to give directions to a place that X has earlier visited. Jason also prefers to learn by observation. Interviewee X prefers to work in silence to avoid distraction whereas Jason prefers distractions as they force him to concentrate. Quietude makes his mind wander. Interviewee X’s preference to work in silence points to the use of committing work to the long term memory. Jason displays a preference to utilize short term memory for his work since it has the capacity to focus on the work at hand despite distractions around. The use of short term...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Organizational Change is an Opportunity for Organizational Learning

Before we move on to how it is beneficial for everyone, even though it is perceived negatively by a large number of people and is one of their biggest fears, we need to discuss the different kinds of changes and the reason behind them.

An organization can go through a structural change. This can be due to a takeover or a complete change of management. In this type of change, the way of working and many dimensions of business activity is altered. This move is usually towards modernization and staying up with the pace but is too fast and sudden, and thus hard for the stakeholders to adjust with. Then there is a change brought about by the change in the services or goods produced and provided. This is usually a positive ch...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article

Entrepreneurial Learning

Focusing on those life experiences that actually ‘get in the way’ of entrepreneurial activities, it needs to be stressed that there are several ways in which learning or knowledge that is gained through these experiences affect not only the personality characteristics or traits but predominantly the orientation of people toward engaging in risk-taking and opportunity leverage business behavior. There are actually two ways in which life experiences can refrain individuals from being entrepreneurs; the first way refers to the practical dimension of entrepreneurship whereas the second one refers to the theoretical underpinnings of entrepreneurship (the orientation of the individuals themselves). Within the practical frame...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Student Support in Open and Distance Learning for FREE!

Contact Us