Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Vocationalism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Vocationalism, sometimes identified as "the over-promotion of the work-related aims of secondary and tertiary education at the expenses of the civic, aesthetic, and moral purposes"1, has been an important part of the British educational policy for over 20 years…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.5% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Vocationalism"

Download file to see previous pages For example, perceiving vocational education as a way to provide population with jobs and thus supply skilled workers to industry would be logically coherent with the definition of vocationalism given above. However, such scope of the research would be useless, because the main question becomes pointless: UK had lower unemployment rate under 25 year-olds than Germany in 2004 (12.1% against 15.1% correspondingly2).
Another view is applied in this essay: integration of vocational education into the social life of the country. Vocational education cannot be measured by sole employment rates, as it is only one of many factors determining employment. One may argue that detachment of vocational system from the workplace in the UK is not a weakness but a peculiarity developed within a historical process. Indeed, one system of vocational education cannot be compared to another without assessing them in contexts of their countries. Three main differences between German and British vocational education are identified, and observed one after another: socialisation, companies' participation, and the structure of education. Regardless of the term referred to them it is argued that gaps found within those differences would have increased the quality of vocational education in the UK if minimised. ...
Germany is a more industrialised country than Britain, therefore its demand in vocational students is higher. German vocational school has more than a century of training experience, it provides apprentices with a rich training content and theoretical education well connected to a practice in companies. The successes of industrialisation achieved without any serious input from education in England have served as a base for the belief that formal education is not helpful in providing preparation for future work3.
The delay of development of vocational education in England had its consequences. For example, following the 1944 Education Act only half the local authorities required to set up technical schools actually did so, with the result that at their peak only 3-5% of the school population attended technical secondary schools4.
Social Perception
Historical distinctions of vocational education in the UK and Germany have led to different social perception of apprenticeship in these two countries. English vocational education has significant difficulties in retaining learners as they age, and, additionally, it appears to be ineffective in attracting the least well qualified5. Particularly, in-company training appears to be almost completely forgotten, while the school-based vocational courses at colleges and university courses are in much higher demand than non-academic in-company training. This contrasts with the situation in Germany6. German society has a positive experience of cooperation between schooling institutions and business companies supported with a long history. British students attracted by comprehensive secondary system, low interest of companies for participation in vocational education on-site, and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Vocationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Vocationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words. Retrieved from
(Vocationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
Vocationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words.
“Vocationalism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Challenges of VET Programs in Schools

...ocational learning and general education. All these criticisms can help the government re-evaluate the implementation of the program putting into consideration the issues TAFE is facing. One cannot overlook the benefits of the program in the past years. Research indicates that some students who took vocational training are currently on full-time employment or active in the enterprise industry (Crump et al, 2009). For others, the training opened up new opportunities for them and they are pursuing advanced education. If the government adopts new vocationalism, the program will improve. The program’s key focus should be presenting students with learning opportunities and molding their learning power. As long as they have the potential to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...introduced among others in different parts. This article is intended to review the term” vocationalism”, it also brings out the typology to highlight degree content, the influence of this industry on the curriculum in various learning institutions. Vocationalism in the context of tourism studies refers to competence-based qualifications, and to have appropriate balance between practice and theory. Any vocationalism consideration in terms of tourism studies requires mentioning the National Vocational Qualification. That is why, National Council for Vocational Qualifications was established at five levels. Level four entails complex technical, specialist and professional work activities...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Dewey and the New Vocationalism

...ducation, taken as a whole, is a deposit of diverse functions and measures. (Oliveira, Araujo J.B. 1992) References Morgan V. Lewis Needs, Feedback, and the Future: Need Sensing Activities in 2001 Available at: James D. Marshall; Dewey and the New "Vocationalism" the University of Auckland; Oliveira, Araujo J.B. (1992) 'The Business of Learning'. Geneva. ILO. Mimeo. Apple, M. W., Bean, J. A. (1999). Democratic Schools: Lessons from the chalk face. Open University Press. Buckingham. Ainley, P. (1990) Vocational Education and Training. London. Cassell...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Post-Compulsory Education

... evidence of some general shift towards a broader, re-focused vocationalism. The reasons behind these shifts are themselves interesting and result from analyses of the changing needs of the economy, the labour market and, in particular, the nature of work. Post -Fordist and other analyses of current and prospective transformations in Western societies have stressed a requirement for some form of 'flexible' knowledge worker within collaborative, hightrust, high-skill, work relations (Brown and Lauder, 1991) and it is with some, albeit hasty and superficial, appreciation of these requirements that curriculum development has been stimulated. I say hasty and superficial because, a high degree of uncertainty still surrounds the extent...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Competency BasedCurriculum Development

.... Geelong: Deakin University. (ED 384 695). Jennings, L. (1991) A critical analysis of the competency based approach in education and training. Paper Delivered at the National AARE Conference. Queensland. Jones, A. (1999) The place of judgment in competency-based assessment. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 51, 1, p.145-160. Kerka, S. (1998) Competency based education and training. Myths and realities. [online] ACVE Publications. Available from: [November 18, 2005] Kriesler, P.K, (1999) The Australian Economy. 3rd edition. Australia: Allen & Unwin. Lewis, T. (1991) Difficulties attending the new vocationalism in the USA. Journal of Philosophy of Education, 25, p. 95-108. Marton, F...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Development of Academic and Vocational Curricula

.... The Anglo-American approach to Vocationalism: The economic roles of education in England. Research Paper 52, October 2004. Reviewed on 10th May 2006. From: TES 16th Oct. 2004. Report from TES, 14 – 19 Curriculum. Reviewed on 10th May 2006. From: TES 7th Jan. 2005. Row over Vocational Training, 14 – 19 Curriculum. Reviewed on 10th May 2006. From: TES 25th Feb. 2005. White Paper responds to Tomlinson, 14 – 19 Curriculum. Reviewed on 10th May 2006 From: TES 22nd Apr. 2005....
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Critically evaluate three different political ideologies. Consider the origins of each ideology and make links to Education in practice

... to attend compulsory education for 5-10 years (Lincolnshire School Resources 1891 The Free Education Act 1891 which bounded the government to provide 10 shillings per week to the needy students 1897 The Voluntary Schools Act 1897 which provided grant to private elementary schools 20th (1902) The Balfour Education Act 1902 who took the share responsibility of the school boards 1918 The Fisher Education Act 1918 under which secondary education was compulsory up to 14 years. 1944 The Education Act 1944 defined the modern division between primary and secondary education. 1979-1997 Under New Vocationalism from1979 to 1997, The Youth Opportunities Program was the main scheme, offered to 16 to 18 year olds. 1980 The Assisted Places...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

The main aim of education should be vocational

...The main aim of education should be vocational Introduction “Vocational education programs have made a real difference in the lives of countless young people nationwide; they build self-confidence and leadership skills by allowing students to utilize their unique gifts and talents” – Conrad Burns There has been a traditional notion that vocational education is an effective method to cultivate human resources. Though vocational educational is relevant to all countries, both in the developed and the developing world, there has however been marked differences in the political reinforcement of integrating vocational studies within the curriculum of the secondary education in both the contexts. In the developing countries, we find...
16 Pages(4000 words)Term Paper


...understanding. Ayikoru, Tribe & Airey (2009) apply the term vocationalism to show how educators expand the term “skills” they use in their mission statements. Skills are understood in their relation to employment, other disciplines, competition and prospects. It brings changes to institutions and makes them cooperate with private sector to engage professional people in preparation of young and competitive graduates in the industry. Competition in the sphere of education is fostered by quality requirements all institutions face. All institutions in the UK have to meet the standards of quality established by Quality Assurance Agency. In this way, ideology of neoliberalism is traced to institutions by means of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


... is mainly on practical competencies, which are exclusive, ideological, and guards the curriculum against other unnecessary discourses. This challenge is illustrated by Harbemas (1978). He explains the colonizing approach of the instrumental knowledge, which leads to the displacement of the various ethical forms. Also, Minogue is against the education process where the young students are subjected to passive acceptance and the adherence to social injustices in their communities. (1973:205). Within the vocationalism education approach, the greater ethical perspectives of appropriate actions are minimized, and the good actions remains basically those suitable for the production activities of the tourism business in the tourism sector...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Critical Reflection Journal. Teachers and activism

...; for instance, the development of vocationalism. The second question illustrates the types of changes realized due to activism; for example, social equality in education process. 1) What is the impact of activism in education sector? 2) What are the categories of changes realized by education activism? Indeed, this article is quite informative. It has equipped me with lots of information about the development and roles of activism in the education sector. Besides, it has enabled me to know much about the reforms that still need to be introduced in education so as to make it accomplish its role of bringing social order in the society. As explained by the author, such transformations are necessary because of “our changing notions of freedom...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

History and politics of primary education

... more opportunities for future development (Matheson, 2014:21). Parents were especially worried about the dependability of the 11-plus system as a standard for profiling children. Grammar schools also faced growing criticism because they locked out working class parents and their children, mostly through their principles. Expanding the grammar schools or improving secondary modern schools to allow working class children to sit exams would have caused revolts or reforms either way. Conservative Education Reforms After winning the 1979 election, the Conservatives, through Margaret Thatcher, introduced some new policies and made some changes to the existing education framework. First, they considerably expanded new vocationalism in order...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Human Resource Management And Administrative Structures In Albania

...Human Resource Management And Administrative Structures In Albania Abstract This paper is a case study of Albania, a country in Southeastern Europe. The country has been undergoing a transition from a communist economic system to a capitalist one since the early 1990s. This transition has led to great reforms in its institutional framework. A number of its institutions have undergone a lot of restructuring in light of these new developments. This paper examines how Human Resource Management can be part of this transition process. It tries to investigate how Human Resource Management can still be efficient and effective amid the great restructuring. It highlights the challenges faced by the managers in Albania and indeed other... Resource...
12 Pages(3000 words)Research Paper

How Can Cross-National Comparisons Help Understand Benefits and Disadvantages of VET Systems

..., VET is seen as an education, comprising not only skills and capacities, but the idea of education being part of the developmental process leading to an autonomous individual… Second, the German system is rooted in an ‘occupation orientated’, or genuine ‘vocational’ training culture; vocationalism in the German meaning of the term stands for integral qualifications based on uniform training schemes and highly standardized examination procedures. (p. 125-126) Overview: Singapore The Asian Development Bank classifies Singapore’s VET as one that has “comprehensive” vocational training structure, forging strong linkages between education institutions and training agencies. (James 2005, p. 905) Much of the Singaporean VET system is identified...
18 Pages(4500 words)Essay

What Does it Mean to be Competent

... work regimes. These are important discussions and should be treated as such for the sake of achieving success and accomplishment in the end. Bibliography Ark, Bart (1992). Vocational Education and Productivity in the Netherlands and Britain. National Institute Economic Review Ashworth, Peter (1992). Being competent and having 'competencies'. Journal of Further and Higher Education Bragg, Debra (2001). The New Vocationalism in Community Colleges. Jossey-Bass Caillods, Francoise (1994). Converging Trends Amidst Diversity in Vocational Training Systems. International Labor Review, Vol. 133 Calvitto, Leanne (2007). Standards-Referenced Assessment for Vocational Education and Training in Schools. Australian Journal...
23 Pages(5750 words)Essay

Human Resource Management in a National Context

... Human Resource Management in a National Context Introduction The project aims to explore and bring forth the various factors and determinants which have shaped the human resource management practices in organisations. The nation chosen for the study is India. In doing so, special emphasis has been provided with regards to the economic background of the nation and its influence over the management practices adopted by organisations. The Indian economy depicts a clear picture revealing how structural adjustments in the economy are responsible for and determinant of the evolution of the laws pertaining to human resource management. Research reveals that the economy in India was subjected to a number of structural adjustment... Resource...
12 Pages(3000 words)Dissertation
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Vocationalism for FREE!

Contact Us