StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The following essay will examine the key points of two particular teaching approaches: High/Scope and Reggio Emilia, their similarities and differences, the best aspects of each and will conclude which approach is more effective according to the research gathered…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods"

Download file to see previous pages Philosophers, educators, and human growth development experts generally agree that for young children to have their best chances to succeed in the important tasks of growing up, early experiences must be whole-child oriented, nurturing, supportive, and positive. (Puckett & Diffily, p. 23)
Many children have their first learning experiences in a daycare setting. Daycares are where a child develops their learning habits and often these early years set the tone for future educational success. Although there are many different approaches, daycares follow when setting the curriculum, and defining their philosophy, two popular curriculum methods are High/Scope and Reggio Emilia. 
The first model examined is High/Scope, which was developed in the 1960s by David Weikart and was based on Piaget's theory (Gestwicki & Bertrand, p.35). High/Scope is an active learning educational approach meaning the students have direct hands-on experience with people, objects, and ideas (Epstein, p.1). The first step in the learning process is to have the child make choices and following through on their plans and decisions. Children are taught to plan their own daily activities and execute their plans. Teachers support their plan and review their progress at the end of small group discussions. This is one unique feature of High/Scope that differentiates it from other early childhood programs- the daily plan-do-review sequence (Epstein, p. 3). Here the children are responsible to plan the activity, to choose the material needed and to choose with whom to work in small groups. Although most of the activities are left in the hands of the children, themselves, this approach has planned experiences in reading, mathematics, and science. There are also areas in the curriculum where large group work is involved such as movement, music, storytelling activities, etc. Teachers are taught how to support the children with this type of curriculum method and are given assessment tools to measure the children's progress. Active learning is the key to this approach, whether it involves activities initiated by the children or planned by the teachers (Epstein, p.3).
The second feature is the 58 High/Scope preschool key experiences, which define the curriculum (Gestwicki & Bertrand, p.36). These key experiences are organized into ten content areas - reading, social development, visual and performing arts, math, science, etc. The key experiences are central to the curriculum and teachers use them to organize the environment where the children interact. The goals of this type of curriculum are to have the child learn through active involvement, to encourage independence, and have the child gain knowledge through active and social play.
With its principles involving the best practice and optimized learning environment, High/Scope programs based on its curriculum integrates a real-life environment for early childhood learning. The unique arrangement of materials and furniture that is implemented in the High/Scope program promotes an active space or environment that allows the children to fully manipulate their environment. The division and organization of the various areas within the classroom give them the freedom to choose the materials or the categories which they are most interested in.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods Essay, n.d.)
High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods Essay. https://studentshare.org/education/1513904-highscope-and-reggio-emilia
(High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods Essay)
High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods Essay. https://studentshare.org/education/1513904-highscope-and-reggio-emilia.
“High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods Essay”. https://studentshare.org/education/1513904-highscope-and-reggio-emilia.
  • Cited: 3 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods

High Scope Curriculum for Independent and Socially Responsive Children

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... Scope Curriculum for Independent and Socially Responsive Children The challenges brought about by fast-paced industry require our children to be socially responsive. To be responsive, children should be trained to relate competently with others in their social environment. Social competence requires children to understand not only their situation but the big picture involving many aspects of a single situation. This is the target of High Scope curriculum. With the purpose of helping disadvantaged children, David Weikart and his friends developed the curriculum in Ypsilanti, Michigan more than 40 years ago. General Description The High Scope...
12 Pages(3000 words)Book Report/Review

Comparisons between High and Montessori Curriculum Approach

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... between High/Score and Montessori Curriculum Approach High scope curriculum is used in childcare, kindergarten and preschool,and was developed in the 1960s in the US, but is now common in other countries. The philosophy behind this approach is centered on child development research and theory, based on john Dewey and Jean Piaglet ideas (Roopnarine & Johnson, 1993). Montessori curriculum is a children education approach that is based on experience and research of Mariah Montessori, an Italian physician. The two forms of curriculum aim at giving children the best in education, in preparation for future learning and education. However, they differ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Reggio Emilia research

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... Reggio Emilia research Reggio Emilia research Introduction The Reggio Emilia philosophy is an educational Approach that focuseson early childhood and primary education whose origin was from the villages around the Reggio Emilia area in Italy. Malaguzzi Loris was the founder of this philosophy because of the situation witnessed after the Second World War that influenced a fresh Approach to teaching. The argument by the parents residing in Reggio Emilia felt that a child’s early years were essential in helping them form themselves as individuals. Malaguzzi developed a learning program or self-guided curriculum that had basis on respect, obligation, ...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

High-Quality Care and Education in the Reggio Approach

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... of Community: Reggio Approach is an educational vehicle involving young children in long-term engrossing projects through which each child’s intellectual, emotional, social and moral potentials are carefully cultivated and guided. The approach provides necessary opportunity for the children to become practiced at creative problem focusing education on each child valuing their originality. Children are afforded the opportunity to be with the teachers and group of children. Children have a right to high quality care and education that develops their potentials. Music is always present in the background as children play and work on projects. Role of Teachers: Teachers’ role is that of both facil...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Political Science: Scope and Methods

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... Science: Scope and Methods 1. SCIENCE, POLITICAL SCIENCE, AND ITS POSTMODERN CRITICISM The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines science as the knowledge or practice acquired systematically. This is the broadest possible definition. However, and not only for the purpose of this essay, the science should first of all be understood as the systemic process of acquiring knowledge, primarily through the process, or better to say a method, of trials-and-errors, that can be understood as the postmodern procedural attachment, to the overall conception of science, stressing the importance of this scientific atribute as the only way how to acquire the real ...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Compare Emilia and Desdemona

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... the very first time we see Emilia on the stage, Desdemona says of her: "Alas, she has no speech."(II, i,105)Yet, by the end of the play it is herown voice that falls silent and that of Emilia that speaks up on her behalf. Emilia eventually awakens to her duty towards truth and justice, and Desdemona's love and inherent tact silences her own forthright spirit. Both women have a tragically violent end, but in the course of the play, their essentially contrasting natures become evident despite certain similarities. When she makes her first entrance, Desdemona steadfastly affirms her love for Othello at the court in Venice and while tendering her r...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Reggio Emilia Approach

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... Head: Reggio Emilia Approach Reggio Emilia Approach of the of the Key Elements of the Reggio Emilia Approach in Emotional and Personal Development in Early Years Reggio Emilia is an originally a city located in Northern Italy. This city does not encounter a lot of unemployment because of "a well-developed and diversified economy with modern industries." Reggio Approach can be defined as a cluster of educating schools for small children which take care of every child's academic, emotional, societal, and other prospective behaviour. This approach was developed in the city Reggio Emilia and therefore is named after it. It came into being at the conc...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Curriculum design for teaching high School Tennis

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... Roque Maryrose Roque Order #161903 Academia Research 09 April 2007 Curriculum Design for Teaching High School Tennis Tennis is a game that involves striking a hollow rubber ball covered by felt over a net and into the court of the opposing player or team. A game with two players is called singles. And, the one with two teams composed of two players is called doubles. This game started in England in the late 19th century and was first propagated in English-speaking countries. It used to be a game that was exclusive to the upper class. Today, it is an Olympic sport that is played worldwide by people of all ages and classes and is followed by...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Early Childhood Education: The High Scope Curriculum

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... Early childhood education is not only essential but is also a very big challenge for parents and teachers alike. A. After several years of research and findings, there have been numerous educational curriculums that have been developed for High Scope Curriculum process. 1. The approach has been in use for over 40 long years and has been adopted in over 20 different countries. 2. People accept the approach across the country due to the high levels of research that has gone into developing this curriculum. B. The approach is simple without any special requirements for equipments, materials or environment. 1. The High Scope Curriculum, centers o...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

The High Scope Curriculum Strategy

...High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods... Childhood Education- The High Scope Curriculum Submitted by: XXXX XXXXXX Number: XXXXXXX XXXXXXXX XXXXXXXX Subject Code: XXXXX Date of Submission: XX – XX – 2009 University of XXXXXXX Introduction: High Scope Curriculum has been in use for over 40 long years and has been adopted in over 20 different countries. The approach is simple without any special requirements for equipments, materials or environment. The High Scope Curriculum, centers on recognizing and supporting the unique differences of children and utilizing these to develop their self confidence and abilities (Henniger, 2009). Early childhood education is not only essential but is...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic High Scope and Reggio Emilia Curriculum Methods for FREE!

Contact Us