Free

Comprehension strategies - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Helping students to comprehend narrative, expository and poetic texts is a challenge that faces all teachers. Regardless of subject or grade level, all teachers are teachers of reading. Many comprehension strategies have been developed over the past three decades…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.4% of users find it useful
Comprehension strategies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Comprehension strategies"

Helping to comprehend narrative, expository and poetic texts is a challenge that faces all teachers. Regardless of or grade level,all teachers are teachers of reading. Many comprehension strategies have been developed over the past three decades. While all can be applied to any of these three types of texts, some seem to naturally go with one more than another. Choosing “the best” for each one is not really possible, because teacher personality, state standards and concerns such as class size and student grouping all have bearing on which comprehension strategy should be used. The three strategies in this essay have all been used to good effect by myself or one of my former teachers. A good comprehension strategy for helping students to maximize their understanding of a c narrative text is an activity called “What is it?” This is an activity where students work individually and in cooperative groups to recall the most important elements of setting, character and plot. Students retell portions of the narrative text to one another while listening student record important points relating to setting, character and plot. This activity utilizes graphic organizers and is facilitated by the instructor. Retelling portions of the text allows the student speaking the opportunity to give voice to their impressions and remembrances of the narrative. Students listening use the graphic organizer to write points mentioned by the speaker. Each student in the group takes a turn adding to the growing list of setting, character and plot elements. After all have contributed, students compare their lists and add information they may have missed during the sharing portion of the cooperative activity. The combination of individual and cooperative work, coupled with listening and note taking makes this a powerful comprehension strategy (Lapp and Fisher, 2009). Expository texts are often full of main ideas, dates and sequential instructions (Aten, 2007). To comprehend this sort of text, developing the skill of summarizing is very important. One strategy that helps students to do this is known as “Survey, Read, Note” or SRN for short. When approaching an expository text, the student is given a graphic organizer divided into three sections for the assigned reading. Each section is labeled “Survey”, “Note” and “Summary”. Before reading, students survey the text, writing any information that is of a graphic nature in the “Survey” box. Special attention should be given to maps, photos, charts, graphs and artwork. Students next survey the heading of sections in the reading, if they are present. After noting this information, students write a simple statement about what they expect to learn about in the expository text. Once into the reading, student stop at the end of each section or paragraph and write what they feel the main idea was for the passage just read. After completing the reading, students review their main ideas and write a summary for the entire expository text. This is very helpful in helping the student to comprehend the big idea behind the reading they just accomplished. A final comprehension strategy that works especially well for poetry is visualization. We know that the mind uses visualization for all five senses, not just sight (Fontana, 2007). Poetry is unique that it seeks to enliven the senses and give the reader the sense of being drawn into the text through meter, rhythm and possibly rhyme. A visualization activity can help students to engage in a poetic text even when the meaning of the words when taken at surface level does not make much sense to them. One especially popular visualization strategy is called, “If You Were There”. Students interact with the poem by stopping to ask a partner, “If you were there, what would you be _________.” The blank is filled in by one of the five senses: seeing, hearing, feeling, touching and tasking. By visualizing yourself withing the world of the poem, student comprehension of the meaning and intent of the author will be heightened. Teachers work every day to help students comprehend the texts students use. Beyond a rote recital of the necessary facts required by the next standardized test, teachers want their students to understand all sorts of texts deeply. Comprehension strategies such as “Survey, Read and Note”, “IF You Were There” and “What is it?” allow students to retain and deepen their understanding of text through simple graphic organizers, cooperative learning and guided discussions. They are necessary in today's classroom and in today's educational world of high-stakes testing and labeling of schools as failing. Student comprehension is essential for students to have happy, productive lives at work and at home, will make them more valuable as students and workers and more useful to our society. Comprehension is the basis for all other learning, so using proven strategies that increase the comprehension of texts is very important. Works Cited Aten, Jerry. Reading Comprehension. Greensboro, NC: Rainbow Bridge, 2007. Print. Fontana, David. Creative Meditation & Visualization. London: Watkins Pub., 2007. Print. Lapp, Diane, and Douglas Fisher. Essential Readings on Comprehension. Newark, DE: International Reading Association, 2009. Print. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Comprehension strategies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Comprehension strategies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1468552-comprehension-strategies
(Comprehension Strategies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Comprehension Strategies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words. https://studentshare.org/education/1468552-comprehension-strategies.
“Comprehension Strategies Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1468552-comprehension-strategies.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comprehension strategies

Research analysis and comprehension

...? Larrabee’s Stress Resiliency Study June Larrabee’s study, “Influence of Stress Resiliency on RN Job Satisfaction and Intent to Stay,” attempts to demonstrate that stress resiliency and psychological empowerment has an influence on job satisfaction and nurse turnover, which greatly increases health care costs. This paper analyzes Larrabbee’s study, using Burns and Grove’s Critique Guidelines. The study is, for the most part, comprehensive and adds to the body of knowledge about nursing practices. Keywords: nursing, stress resiliency, job satisfaction, psychological empowerment, nurse turnover, health care, critique, study Larrabee’s Stress Resiliency Study According to June H. Larrabee (2010) of West Virginia University...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

How to Teach English as a Second Language (ESL) Students to Read and Reading Comprehension

...that, when put into practice, will become automatic and allow readers to focus on meaning and comprehension rather than form (Adams, 1990; Snow et al., 1998). It is this automaticity that drives the need for students to develop a working knowledge of letter-sound relationships, sight vocabulary, and comprehension strategies (Snow et al., 1998). The emphasis placed on the relationship between sound-symbol relationships and automaticity in reading (Adams, 1990) is supported in the work of Chall, Jacobs and Baldwin (1990), all of whom note that the explicit instruction of phonics (individual letter-sound correspondences, their sequences, and the pronunciation of the corresponding sounds)...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Reading Comprehension

...that they can use to show and examine the relationship between concepts in a text. The essay will delve in the teaching comprehension strategies and how the graphic organizers are used to enhance the learning of students. It will also focus on the benefits of using graphic organizers in teaching comprehension strategies. Teaching strategies are the tools that teachers use to enable students learn and understand whatever they are reading. To help students understand comprehension easily, graphic organizers are always used. Graphic organizers like semantic maps are used in self monitoring strategy. Semantic maps are...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Learners' perceptions about listening comprehension problems, strategies and teachers' solutions to improve students' list

...?Learners’ Perceptions about Listening Comprehension Problems Literature Review This literature review reveals that previous studies in the past havefocused on learners’ perceptions about listening comprehension problems, strategies, and teachers’ solutions to improve students’ listening performances. Hasan (2000) establishes that many EFL learners experience difficulties in comprehending natural spoken English that is delivered at normal speed in a study that reports listening problems experienced by learners in the EFL classroom in the ESP Centre that is located at Damascus University. Additionally, the study establishes that learners encounter a range of listening problems, which can...
10 Pages(2500 words)Dissertation

Iterature comprehension

...The theme of internal struggle and meditation in two great works of modern poetry, The Road Not Taken by Robert Lee Frost and somewhere i have never travelled by E.E. Cummings 2, are an interesting exploration of the use of free will and experimental language in contrast to the theme of internal struggle and loss in the precise, exacting prose of James Joyce in his short story Eveline 3, All three works share a fascinating portrait of what it means to feel desire for an imagined fantasy, an envisioned potential outcome and the contemplation of it’s demise. Robert Lee Frost’s The Road Not Taken is a poem about the contemplation of two different possible outcomes of travel down two divergent roads in the woods. When... theme of internal...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Comprehension Critique

...Comprehension Critique Scherzer, Teresa, Stotts, Nancy, Fontaine & Dorri , decided to establish whether the problem of nurseshortages could be addressed by increasing numbers of nursing faculties. Using information from Gordon and Betty Moore foundation, they found out that in 2003 the Gordon and Betty Moore foundation had established an accelerated doctoral nursing program in the leading west coast school of nursing. Through their research, they found out that the 42 students from five cohorts had been funded for the program upon signing an agreement that they will undertake a 3-year teaching job into one of the 17 areas of the nursing program after graduating. In their findings, they noted that all students in the first...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Comprehension

...Lesson Plan Nurse EDUC 554 Lesson Plan #5: Comprehension Teacher Candi EDUC 554 LESSON PREPARATION [before the lesson] #_1_ Topic: Importance of Compassion Specific Strategy: Reading Comprehension strategies through guided reading. Subject: Reading Grade: 4-5th Grade State Standard [Virginia SOL or reading standard of your state]: 6.5       The learner will read and show understanding different informational options. a)  Recognize questions to be answered. b) Formulate, confirm, or revise predictions. National Standard [IRA/NCTE]: 3.  The national standard appreciates the fact that learners employ different approaches to understand, interpret, assess, and recognize texts. They revisist their prior knowledge, their communications... with...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Reflective Essay on Time-Tested Strategies for Teaching Reading Comprehension

.... To be reasonably sincere, all my educational life, I always grouped writing under English division only; on the other hand, I recently learnt that the skills you attain in English courses will be extremely helpful to you. Whether it is writing a history essay, a business letter, knowing how to write, is always a necessity. As a young child, I treasured to write stories to my mum while using my imaginative, deep thoughts. Writing was all the time a way for me to run my everyday experiences. During the head of English 101, I learned how to read closely, write a text in reflective essay, I feel that all that work accurately paid off, because now, I feel confident that I could write a flourishing essay and write insightful essay, as well....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Literal Comprehension - Reading Strategies

...students outline chapters and memorize their outlines. Some students make chapter summaries. But the most efficient study system of all is SQ3R, which stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recite, and Review. SQ3R was designed for textbook reading, and it is guaranteed to increase your comprehension, memory and speed. SURVEY Before delving deep into the contents in a piece one has to first survey the book. The reader has to first scan the phase matter i.e. the title, the author, the time of publication, the table of contents, and the preface and/or the introduction. Then survey the index, glossary, and the appendices segment. Flip through the book while checking the chapter organization. The learner has to pay key...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Written comprehension

...Revision questions affiliation Task The three main types of behavioural analysis includes conceptual analysis, experimental analysis, and applied behaviour analysis. ABA entails the application of all the behavioural principles systematically. Essentially, it does focus on the daily situations meant to escalate or diminish daily behaviours. It is useful in diverse skills acquisition. The experimental analysis led to the induction of the Pavlov classical theory. It came up with the aspect of deductive learning via experiments performance. The conceptual analysis focus at the philosophies, historical and theoretical perspectives of the behaviour. Baer, Wolf and Risley defines Applied Behaviour analysis as a systematic process... questions...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Comprehension strategies for FREE!

Contact Us