Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Hard fun: teaching and learning for the 21 century by Clifford and Friesen - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Reaction Paper In the article "Hard Fun: Teaching and Learning for the Twenty First Century," Clifford and Friesen (1995) discuss education and learning strategies and how we can reform them in the XXI century for lasting results. They highlight the educators’ and critics’ concerns over the uncertainty that is associated with future and shared perception that schools need improvement…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.6% of users find it useful
Hard fun: teaching and learning for the 21 century by Clifford and Friesen
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Hard fun: teaching and learning for the 21 century by Clifford and Friesen"

Download file to see previous pages Teachers consider it as a "Pendulum phenomenon," since it keeps teachers and students oscillate from one technique to the other. Authors criticize the enlightened people due to their approval and appreciation of innovation regardless of the particulars. While approving the need to change schools, they encourage educators and critics to ask new questions rather than seeking answers to old questions. I believe there is a need to take educational reform to another level since asking new questions is a paradigm shift, and it calls for a new way to identify the old educational problems. In an effort to find flaws in schools, whether they are traditional, progressive, or innovative, authors identify that school is generally a boring place for both teachers and students. I believe this perception is definitely developed due to the lack of interest and stagnant schools culture where teachers are hired to work and students are forced to learn. Clifford and Friesen (1995) also criticize modern educational system’s commitment to the philosophy of nineteenth and early twentieth century. Schools are boring because they miss the fun part. Young children are attracted to adventure and use their exploding energy for different activities. Traditional classroom and teachers cannot engage their exploding energies. It is true because students may not be able to run away from classroom, but their minds and imagination certainly can. Physicist Murray Gell-Man puts it so aptly by attributing today’s schools as restaurants that are feeding students. Their focus on representing the ideas has been replaced by the ideas themselves. We are overemphasizing the great discoveries rather than inducing the urge to learn deeply. Children are born learners, but today’s schools make them students because that is how adults approve learning. The learning process is in danger since limited to school while living is entirely another thing which belongs to real world. Here, authors seem somehow skeptical of the school idea itself. They completely ignore the social benefits of schooling. In an effort to find solution to the boring school dilemma, Clifford and Friesen (1995) make educationists cautious of falling in the trap of finding answers in technology rather than asking new questions. Discouraging the schools’ routine of brining old ideas in a new form, they ask new questions on children’s imaginative abilities, its managements, and relationship with the world. I strongly agree with authors here because just fitting technology with the old systems of learning is not sufficient for learners in the twenty first century. Following the footsteps of Plato and Descartes, Western educational system struggled while dealing with children’s natural learning and imagination. Project schooling puts children to work rather than just learn, banishes their childishness, and limits their cognitive abilities to abstract ways. Authors regret about the schooling in which childhood experience suddenly shrinks to an anorexic diet of school activities such as charts and worksheets. The description may seem very convincing; however, authors ignore the fact that uncontrolled exposure to outside environment has an equal capacity to influence children’s senses, heart, and souls in a negative way. Authors quote the example of reading experience ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Hard fun: teaching and learning for the 21 century by Clifford and Essay”, n.d.)
Hard fun: teaching and learning for the 21 century by Clifford and Essay. Retrieved from
(Hard Fun: Teaching and Learning for the 21 Century by Clifford and Essay)
Hard Fun: Teaching and Learning for the 21 Century by Clifford and Essay.
“Hard Fun: Teaching and Learning for the 21 Century by Clifford and Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 3 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Hard fun: teaching and learning for the 21 century by Clifford and Friesen

Effective Methods of Teaching Anatomy

Herein, comparisons will be made to highlight the differences in using anatomical models for study versus self-directed (usually textbook) learning. As well, the use of tutors as an advantage in the medical classroom will be discussed.

Some students are hands-on learners. For them, three-dimensional (3D) anatomical models are effective. “Exploratory tools enable users to investigate structures in ways not possible in the real world” (Implementing, para. 3). These 3D models can represent just about any part of the human body. Models are available of small structures, like the head, or of the entire human skeleton. Models of the entire human body can also be purchased. Some of them even have removable parts so...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Outlining Explicit Learning Objectives and Outcomes for Teachers and Students

Explicit learning is presented by teaching the specific concepts individually and mastery occurs then after. The main key in such a mode of teaching is being highly structured in every activity that is undertaken inside the classroom can be considered as part of the organization of the technique. One of the defining features of the technique is the fact that the teacher commonly points out the part of the lesson where they are in, thus, the term used is explicit teaching (Boyles, 2002).
The explicit form of teaching can be considered to fit lessons that are considered to introduce certain concepts, ideas or skills that are needed to be learned and that the students have low familiarity or experience with. For that matter, the...
10 Pages(2500 words)Report

Language Learning Strategies of Listening Comprehension

While some progress has been made during the past decade in establishing more precise definitions and a theoretically based classification system for an LD, it is useful to understand these historical influences because of their continuing impact on diagnostic and treatment practices for children with learning disabilities. The first part of this essay will address the definitional issues, which have molded the field of learning disabilities into its present form, and how to resolve these issues so we can meet the social and educational needs of individuals who display characteristics of learning disabilities. Because LD is often misinterpreted to be synonymous with reading disability or dyslexia, most of the available information...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

The Constructivist Approach to Teaching Science in the Primary Classroom

When students learn science, they construct meanings and develop understandings in a social context, state Duit & Treagust (1998: 4). Classroom verbal discourse in the form of teacher talk and teacher-student interactions form the basis for most of this meaning-making. Because teacher questions are a frequent component of classroom talk, they play an important role in determining the nature of discourse during science instruction. The cognitive processes that students engage in, as they undertake the process of constructing scientific knowledge, to a large extent depend on the kinds of questions that teachers ask and their way of asking the questions.

Chin (2007: 816) conducted a study to investigate questioning-bas...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Teaching Language and Communication Skills

“Language occurs through an interaction among genes (which hold innate tendencies to communicate and be sociable), environment, and the child’s own thinking abilities” (Genishi, 2006). But just how does this happen? How do children learn to use sounds to communicate and then to place those sounds in the correct order to make themselves understood? While some of this behavior can be attributed to the imitation of the caregivers, there remain aspects to the development of language and communication that cannot be so easily explained. To provide a more complete understanding of how language and communication develop in the young child, it is necessary to understand not only the primary terms that are applied, but al...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

The Hard Work of UNHCR

Towards this direction, in the study of Atlani (2000) it is noticed that ‘there is a growing sense of urgency within international humanitarian aid agencies to intervene quickly when faced with organized violence stemming from war or armed conflict; from this perspective, the rape of refugees calls for prompt psychological intervention’ (Atlani, 2000, 435). In accordance with the above study, the provision of humanitarian aid has to be multidimensional. Apart from food, drugs and clothing, people in developing countries need to be supported psychologically – in many countries around the world, strong military conflicts are being developed on a daily basis. United Nations – an organization that serves the in...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Globalization and Protectionism in Our Century

...Globalization and Protectionism in the 21st Century Globalization is an international phenomenon with far-reaching consequences in the social, political and economic realms. Economic globalization, namely the spread of neoliberalism and capitalist-inspired consumerism as the dominant engine of economic growth, has both supporters and detractors. The world is becoming more and more interdependent and whether you think globalization is a good or bad thing, it is here to stay. Many people in developed countries argue in favor of protectionism because foreign wages are much lower and domestic producers cannot compete. The result is that jobs are lost as employment trends shift overseas. Seeking to explore the present international...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Learning and Memory Process

...Profile Report This report compares and contrasts the answers provided by the interviewees X and Jason. Learning and memory process Interviewee X prefers to learn by observation and has the ability to give directions to a place that X has earlier visited. Jason also prefers to learn by observation. Interviewee X prefers to work in silence to avoid distraction whereas Jason prefers distractions as they force him to concentrate. Quietude makes his mind wander. Interviewee X’s preference to work in silence points to the use of committing work to the long term memory. Jason displays a preference to utilize short term memory for his work since it has the capacity to focus on the work at hand despite distractions around. The use of short term...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

In What Ways Did 20th Century Conflicts Change the Nature of Western Introspection

The 20th century period was marked by several conflicts: World War I, the Holocaust, World War II, the exploitation of Latin American countries, Racial Segregation and the Negro Revolution which spawned the Civil Rights Movement in America and the Feminist Movement.

The Holocaust is admittedly one of the most horrific events in the history of mankind and the impact of the horrors it brought changed the way Ellie Wiesel sees his faith. While Jews are known for their orthodox and unquestioning faith in God, Wiesel’s experiences in the concentration camps of Auschwitz compelled her to question God’s existence. In Night, Wiesel tells of the unspeakable hanging of a young boy who was left dangling for thirty min...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

Organizational Change is an Opportunity for Organizational Learning

Before we move on to how it is beneficial for everyone, even though it is perceived negatively by a large number of people and is one of their biggest fears, we need to discuss the different kinds of changes and the reason behind them.

An organization can go through a structural change. This can be due to a takeover or a complete change of management. In this type of change, the way of working and many dimensions of business activity is altered. This move is usually towards modernization and staying up with the pace but is too fast and sudden, and thus hard for the stakeholders to adjust with. Then there is a change brought about by the change in the services or goods produced and provided. This is usually a positive ch...
6 Pages(1500 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Hard fun: teaching and learning for the 21 century by Clifford and Friesen for FREE!

Contact Us