StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Odden, A., Goertz, M., Goetz, M., Archibald, S., Gross, B., Weiss, M., & Mangan, M. T. (2008). The cost of instructional improvement: Resource allocation in schools using comprehensive strategies to change classroom practice. Journal of Education Finance, 33 (4), 381-405…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement"

Odden, A., Goertz, M., Goetz, M., Archibald, S., Gross, B., Weiss, M., & Mangan, M. T. (2008). The cost of instructional improvement: Resource allocation in schools using comprehensive strategies to change classroom practice. Journal of Education Finance, 33 (4), 381-405. Odden et al. (2008) used data from the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) to analyze the costs of improving school instruction and its effect on classroom practice and academic achievement. The main problem that the study identified is determining the costs and benefits of enhancing instruction plans. The CPRE's first set of studies evaluated the effectiveness of educational dollars in shaping student performance. It designed a new expenditure-reporting structure that determines spending by educational program within the instructional functions. The general intention for the expenditure structure was to analyze the instructional category and account for the spending of dollars, based on educational strategy, such as core instruction, specialist teaching, professional growth, and different kinds of additional help for students with special needs. For this research, Odden et al. (2008) provided the outcomes of a project that employed the mentioned expenditure framework to recognize the costs of a number of instructional improvement strategies that CPRE researchers at the University of Michigan examined in their Study of Instructional Improvement. They also compared an experimental group applying comprehensive school reform programs with those that have not yet used such programs. They analyzed three instructional interventions that are embedded in the comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs: Success for All (SFA), America's Choice (AC), and Accelerated Schools Project (ASP). Eleven schools were chosen for this study. Data collection included reviewing budget documents and school report documents and interviewing key informants from 2004 to 2005. Findings showed that using CSR programs enhanced levels of educational attainment for the respondents, with broad differences in levels of resources for the sampling, allocation of resources, divergence in resource use from what the instructional improvement designs recommended, and across and within sampling groups. The purpose of the article is clear in the introduction of the paper. The researchers provided the context of CPRE and the work it has done and further aims to do. They specified their focus, which is studying the efficiency of instructional improvements. The authors also reviewed pertinent literature, but concentrated on the CPRE’s mission, goals, and developments. Most of the research also came from the researchers’ past studies. This makes the literature biased toward what CPRE needs to do, so that it can attain its mission and goals. The introduction lacks further review of past and existing studies on the accounting of educational dollars. More studies about existing cost structures, including auditing and accounting practices and policies, will help identify the relevance and position of this research in the extant literature. The data collection is valid, because the researchers ensured that data can be compared across the states. They were able to compare the data by adjusting districts and states’ national average school salaries and fixed benefits rates through the Geographical Cost of Education Index (GCEI). The researchers also used diverse data methods to attain a comprehensive view of the components and effects of comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs. They triangulated data collection methods that improved the validity of their research findings. The findings of this research are convincing, because the data shows the effects of CSR on resource allocation and priorities of the schools. For instance, because of the high population of low-income students, the schools used around 20% to 40% of their budget on financial assistance programs. This means that instructional costs included responding to the socio-economic limitations of their students. The researchers also noted the high expenses on professional development, even stressing that they seem to be a bit high. They considered, nevertheless, the focus on extensive professional-development strategies as part of the intervention. They also discovered that schools in their fifth to sixth years of using the program are still spending majority of their budget on professional development. The authors are right to argue that this reflects a “new instructional regime” (Odden et al., 2008, p.401). This regime is based on enhancing instructional components and their contribution on student academic achievement. Thus, in reality, there are gaps in program designs and how they are implemented, although it is evident that additional professional help and professional development enhanced the impact of educational dollars on student academic achievement. My personal reflection on this article is that comprehensive school reform (CSR) programs are beneficial to schools, teachers, and students. They help advance professionalism in how schools handle their budgets, in ways that they can correlate their spending on actual student performance. It will be interesting, however, to learn more about the exact instructional components that affect particular student skills, attitudes, and knowledge. This way, accounting will also take note of its intangible effects on student development. Finally, I believe that this approach on school budgeting will enhance the efficiency of instructional programs and improve the role of instruction in boosting student academic achievement. This approach can also be modified to study the effects of budget decisions on professional development and student academic achievement. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1454895-article-critique
(Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement Essay)
https://studentshare.org/education/1454895-article-critique.
“Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1454895-article-critique.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement

Medication Cost Information in a Computer-Based Patient Record System

... to specific medical problems caused by obesity, which require certain medication. The final conclusion of the study is the bypass operation can solve the obesity problem and drastically reduce the dosages and number of times the patients have to use to medications after the surgery. The aim of the study was to "examine the changes in monthly prescription medication costs in morbidly obese patients who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass" (Nyugen et al., 2006). The study was carried out under the assumption that the bypass "would have significant improvement or resolution" of the comorbidities obese patients tend to have (such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia and gastro esophageal reflux), and that this will result...
10 Pages(2500 words)Article

Microeconomics: Cost Analysis

The article is about how mining sector is responding to the changes in the supply and demand dynamics and the impact of same on global prices. outlines that though the overall output is decreasing in mining industry due to different factors however, the decline in the output is actually supporting the industry because of higher prices due to limited supply. Author also argues that the overall cost of finding and operating new mines especially for copper has increased thus making it relatively difficult for the established miners to continue to expand. This is despite the fact that firms will be spending more money in future to explore new mines but the same may not have a kind of impact required to bring the market in equilibrium....
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Maine's NovaHealth, Aetna partnership Lowers Cost by Stephanie Bouchard

...Article 8 Maine's NovaHealth, Aetna partnership lowers cost, improves care By Stephanie Bouchard; published: September 04, 2012 http://www.healthcarefinancenews.com/news/novahealth-aetna-partnership-offers-big-promise The article is from Healthcare Finance News and talks about the benefits gained from the partnership between Maine’s Nova Health and Aetna. The partnership has seen the growth of new health care models driven by the need to be patient-centered and provide accountable care so as to save money and improve health outcomes. According to the article, NovalHealth which is an independent physician association based in Portland, Maine partnered with Aetna in 2008 and created a care management program. The article highlights several...
1 Pages(250 words)Article

Critique paper

... Critique Paper – Tussle over Privacy Technology allows people to connect with each other at whatever time. The problem that arises with the use of technology is the issue of privacy. Personal information that is found in most of the sites present can be used for many purposes. In an article by Mangu-Ward Katherine, a member of congress had actually laid his concerns about the use of such information. This is by one of the leading corporations in the world, Disney. He was afraid that personal information was being misused by Disney to get access to young children and manipulate them, which ultimately puts them at risk. The article provides the reader with a response from the CEO of Disney to the member of congress, which was meant...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Article Critique

...Rethinking Procrastination: Positive Effects of “Active” Procrastination Behavior on Attitudes and Performance – Article Critique of Submission Variables 1. What is (are) the independent variables? The independent variables of the study are academic procrastination and active procrastination, where active procrastination can be identified as an opposite of passive procrastination because the procrastinator has the ability to execute his/her decisions in a manner which is timely (Chu and Choi, 2005). 2. What is (are) the dependent variables? The dependent variables of the study are 1) time structure 2) purposive use of time 3) perceived time control 4) self-efficacy 5) extrinsic motivation 6) intrinsic motivation 7) task coping 8) emotion...
5 Pages(1250 words)Article

Critique of an article

...Leadership Style and Team Processes in Self-Managed Teams Leadership Style and Team Processes in Self-Managed Teams Summary: This article detailed on an experimental study on leadership style as well as team processes within self-managed teams. Its results were determined by carrying out a laboratory study on 20 work teams. The results indicated that teams practicing shared leadership have more cognitive as well as motivational advantages compared to teams relying on one leader. The purpose of this research study was to determine the variation between leadership styles as well as to find out how key processes are affected by the types of leadership process that results in self-managed teams (Solansky, 2008, p.332). In connection... Style and ...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

TWO page summary and critique

...Article Critique Summary Individuals develop career behavior through social values. Career choice is an iterative process based on the meaning placed by an individual in his/her relationship with others. Narrative career counseling can be understood by foregrounding personal meaning. Exploring the story helps a counselor realize biographical truth and is motivational in effect. Listening and attending skills are fundamental to understanding the clients story. Savickas employs a systematic approach to counseling that follows a narrative exploration pattern. It is a three-staged approach, consisting of beginnings in which the contract is negotiated between the counselor and client, middles in which the counselor explores the story... Critique...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Article critique

...Article critique Due Introduction This article critique is about a research conducted to determine the difference in the effectiveness of endoscopic and tactile evaluation techniques. The two methods are used to detect sub-gingival calculus in periodontal illness therapy. The article is written by four authors; Osborn, Lenton, Lunos, and Blue with a medicine background. The article is purposed for medical professionals in a clinical setting. The article states that a philosophical want, to eliminate calculus, has been limited by periodontal pocket depth. The traditional method of tactile evaluation is unable to solve the problem. The aim of this article is to highlight how the endoscopic method can help in identification and treatment...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Article Critique Union Labor Relations

...Article Critique: Union Labor Relations al Affiliation) In his article, ‘After the U.S. recovers, will unions?’ David Madland is of the opinion that labor unions are the backbone of the economy. He asserts that labor unions allow workers a chance to profit from economic gains that they contribute in creating. This leads to a situation where the American economy gains an inclusive aspect that is beneficial to all members of the society. He noted that the downfall of the economy affects greatly the rise and stature of labor unions. He is in full support of the Employee free choice Act as it guarantees an increase in the number of employees subscribing to labor unions. The increase in employees who join labor unions results in a subsequent...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Analysis of Banker's Work Concerning Manufacturing Overhead Cost Drivers

Although the work was published in 1995, the data that were the basis for the work of Banker et al. (1994), were taken much earlier than 1995.
As of 2000, Rajiv Banker is a distinguished co-author of a book on management accounting, Management Accounting, with Anthony Atkinson, Robert Kaplan and S. Mark Young. The Prentice Hall’s “Learning on the Internet Partnership” documented that Banker is the Director of Accounting Programs at the University of Texas at Dallas. Further, according to the Prentice Hall’s “Learning on the Internet Partnership”, Banker holds the Ashbell Smith Chair in Accounting and Information Management of the University as of 2000. The Prentice Hall’s “Learnin...
20 Pages(5000 words)Article
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Article Critique: The Cost of Instructional Improvement for FREE!

Contact Us