StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Water Provision in the Developing World - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Water Provision in the Developing World.
The world is facing severe water crisis and the developing world is suffering an acute shortage of fresh water supply even today. Water is required for a number of daily activities besides drinking…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.7% of users find it useful
Water Provision in the Developing World
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Water Provision in the Developing World"

Download file to see previous pages The population explosion and lack of planning in the developing world is among the core causes of this rampant situation. According to UN Water, some 1.3 million people are without the access to clean water and certain regions of the world face a threat of water wars. Water scarcity is most pronounced in North America, Middle East and South Asia. India and Pakistan in South Asia have already fought a war over water supply issues. The cost of drinking water is more than that of gasoline in some of the Middle Eastern countries. This overview of the situation shows that water scarcity is perhaps the most important issue faced by the planet (UN Water). 2. Water Crisis in the World The freshwater is present mostly in the form of ground water aquifers. The water in streams and rivers forms a lesser portion of the available water resources. Almost 11 trillion cubic meters of freshwater is available in the world for drinking and other uses, however this enormous supply of water is not uniformly distributed across the planet. Moreover the availability of water also varies across the different seasons of the year. Some of the regions in the world receive as low as 500 cubic meters of water per capita per annum of water supply and are labeled as water stressed. Water usage patterns are also different in developing and developed countries with the former using 90% of its water for agricultural purposes. Since agriculture provides food security as well as foreign exchange to the developing countries, therefore adequate water supply is an issue of paramount significance in these countries. However the situation in developing countries is most alarming. The water usage per person has also doubled over the last century and the population has also increased. Figure 1 shows water scarcity across the globe (United Nations). 3. Water Supply Options in South Asia South Asian countries particularly India and Pakistan are facing acute water crisis mainly because of the wild population explosion in both countries and lack of planning. Agriculture provides the base for the economy of both countries and therefore solving water scarcity is a matter of immense importance. The two countries have also fought wars over water disputes and therefore improvement in water supply can also ensure peace in the region. The financial hubs of the two countries Mumbai and Karachi, the two financial hubs in the region are among the top 5 cities of the world with respect to population; both these cities face severe water shortages (Bansil, 2004). Moreover agricultural areas in the region also lack proper irrigation and water supply systems. Thus a multi-dimensional approach for water supply has to be adopted in this region (Pareira, Cordery & Iocavides, 2009). 3.1 Water Recycling Recycled water also known as reclaimed water is the sewage waer which is filtered and treated employing a number of chemical and mechanical methods in order to make is suitable for reuse. Recycled water can be reused for irrigation purposes and also for recharging the ground aquifers (National Research Council, 2005). The cost of recycling is comparatively high, however it can provide sufficient amount of additional water for agriculture sector in South Asia which accounts for almost 90% of the water used. Moreover the underground water is being pumped at an alarming rate in South Asia, recycled water can restore the lost level of water (Escobar & Schafer, 2010). 3.2 Desalination Since Mumbai and Karachi are the most populous cities in South Asia they account for a large portion of the water used in the region. Fortunately both these cities are ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Water Provision in the Developing World Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1454587-you-work-for-a-development-agency-which-has-been
(Water Provision in the Developing World Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/education/1454587-you-work-for-a-development-agency-which-has-been.
“Water Provision in the Developing World Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1454587-you-work-for-a-development-agency-which-has-been.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Water Provision in the Developing World

Managing Emerging Technologies: The World Bank Group

information Technology helps the businesses in cutting costs and creating value to the organization as a whole, by minimizing the digital divide. This helps in developing new and effective business processes as well as in making value propositions especially in the new and modern corporate world whose business network is spread far and wide, such as the World Bank for instance. Information technology plays a vital role in integrating systems and strengthening the strategic ties between service providers and customers, thereby rendering effective services.
The World Bank is involved in various activities providing a wide range of services to several developing and in transition countries across the globe. The bank, owned, fina...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

The Importance of Employee Empowerment in the Global World

Empowerment is the authority to make decisions within one’s area of operation without having to get approval; from anyone else. Here the operatives are encouraged to use their initiative to do things the way they like. To this end, the employees are given not just authority but resources as well so that they not only take decisions but implement them quickly. This empowerment means giving the employees the authority to make decisions and providing them with financial resources to implement these decisions (Koch & Godden, 1997 11).
Employee participation and empowerment participation means sharing the decision making power with the lower ranks of an organization in an appropriate manner (Lashley & McGoldrick, 199...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Developing a Research Base for Intravenous Peripheral Cannula Resites

...Context of the Paper To begin with, the of the paper is very much apt for the content. Although the could have come up with a more direct title, the title “Developing a Research base for Intravenous Peripheral cannula re-sites. A randomized controlled trial” captures the essence of the paper and what the authors aim to address. They, however, could have made it more direct to the point by maybe saying that the study is about a comparison between 3 day cannula re-sites and cannula re-sites as dictated by clinical condition. Nonetheless, the chosen t title is suitable enough to briefly inform the reader of the topic of the research. Two hypotheses were tested in this paper. There are two groups that were compared in the paper... of the Paper ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

The Problem of Surface Water Acidification

...Running Header: LESSONS FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF AQUATIC POLLUTION Management of Aquatic Pollution Your Instructor March 23, 2009 Management of Aquatic Pollution The quandary of surface water acidity is intricately correlated to the discharge of contaminant chemicals like sulphur and nitrogen mostly from fossil fuels and the reduction of nitrogen resulting from agricultural production. Other pollutants are waste discharges from industrial developments and human settlements mostly from the urban areas that have continued to contaminate water sources. However other sources of pollution have recently been identified as resulting from naturally occurring chemicals like arsenic and fluoride. Although there has been a marked effort by authorities...
11 Pages(2750 words)Coursework

The Issue of Water Pollution

Researchers use the following classification for water pollution: (1) Putrescible materials; (2) Heated effluents; (3) Inert materials; (4) Toxic materials; (5) Radioactive elements and compounds. Water pollution should be controlled by every state and society as it influences air, water, and natural resources and changes the global climate system/ Industrial use of water began to affect the quality of water in developed and developing countries. A waterwheel that supplied the power for grinding grain did no harm to a millstream; but as the industry began to use great quantities of water to process materials and flush away wastes, even greater pollution than sewage came into being. Sawmills dumped sawdust into rivers and killed of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

The Origins of the Second World War

The accord at present is that it was Hitler's resolve to change the basis of European society that took the war to Europe in 1939. It was not essentially the war he was planning for; the facts propose that Hitler was intending to set up Germany for a huge conflict with Russia in the early 1940s. However, indisputably it was a war forced by his persistent pursuit of strategies that stood on race and on space (Henig, 1997).

The Second World War was originated due to the Fascist attack and the failure of democratic powers to prevent this assault. There seem to be a number of reasons for the Second World War to occur. German rearmament started after Hitler left 1932-34 Geneva Disarmament Conference, declaring that as the po...
7 Pages(1750 words)Article

Is the Business World Flat or Spiky

On the other hand, these globalization standards are opposed by some critics and argue that globalization does not have to be a requirement for putting up a business in other countries, thus it is just a choice for entering a foreign market. Accordingly, standardization is applicable specifically to high-end markets and with accord to the market segmentation such as the trends that the young people patronize (Mullman, 2006) Regardless of the idea that globalization is mostly based on how the company standardizes the products, the home country still holds the profitability of the business as the economy affects how the foreign investors and other national sources back up the business (Stiglitz, 2006).
Making the world flat mak...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

International Business: World Economic Forum and Davos 2010

While each force of globalization is important, the technological revolution has impacted the business models, value creation and differentiation (Spelman, 2010). The cloud computing technologies that have made the popular social networking applications possible are now being applied to development, healthcare, and society. Today mobile telephones are more like powerful computers that take care of many of the societal challenges facing both developed and developing countries (Evans, 2010). In Chile, new software enables weather information to farmers who can now make informed decisions on when and how to sow or harvest the crops. However, the fear or ignorance of cloud computing technology could harm the chances of the SMEs becomi...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Globalization and World Economic Forum at Davos 2010

... globalization is determined by the extent of globalization of customers, customer needs, distribution channels and marketing strategies of the players in the industry (Stonehouse et al, 2004). The organizations are resorting to global marketing due to three business development trends: Buyers with similar needs proliferating across the world The readiness of the consumers to trade off their specific needs to get better deal such as lower price or better quality Aggressive pursuit of economies of scale by the companies across their value chain (Dornier et al, 1998) The phenomenon of globalization of markets has resulted in both advantages and disadvantages. It has resulted in the convergence in the requirement of features in a product...
7 Pages(1750 words)Coursework

Comparing the Brave New World and Todays World

... A Brave New World 26 February Introduction Man has always wondered since time immemorial about his ultimate place in the big universe. He had attempted to find meaning in this scheme of things without much success. A key repeated theme is seeming failure to find that true meaning that will justify his existence. What usually happens is that the more Man goes deeper into the search for ultimate meaning, the more he finds nothing. This is confounding, to say the least, and goes to show how useless the search could be. Many people had been doing this search several times and came up with nothing. Out of this seeming hopelessness and uselessness came the philosophical idea of the absurd – that Mans search for individual meaning is bound...
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Water Provision in the Developing World for FREE!

Contact Us