Autism Spectrum Disorder Name Institution Date Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a term used to describe a group of at least five neurological disorders, which are referred to as a spectrum because they are diverse, with differences in their intensity, symptoms and type of behavior manifested the type of disorder and, variation from child to child…
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ASD varies in individuals concerning its onset, with cases that are from birth while others develop in later life. In the area of learning, impairment makes the affected child who could be, for example, be in the fifth grade, to have the reading level of a second grade level child. In the area of socialization, other children start to portray withdrawal symptoms, where they prefer to be alone, and seem uninterested in the games or activities of the people around them. This affects their communicational development and their learning ability (Tidmarsh and Volkmar, 2003) because socialization is a very important aspect of childhood development, since children learn some aspects of behavior through imitating what other children are saying or doing (Tidmarsh and Volkmar, 2003). These children with ASD lack this chance of developing if the situation is not addressed through encouraging them to interact with other children (Volkmar, 2012). Some children with ASD also show signs of uncontrollable fits of temper, great resistance to change and are oversensitive or under sensitive to sounds or sights, while others too are prone to epileptic seizures and fits, anxiety and depression. Others will portray the lack of interest in the people around them, avoiding eye contact and probably only showing interest in toys and other objects or in a certain subject. Some of the victims of ASD speak very few or no words at all, but use pictures and signs to communicate, while others are preoccupied with certain objects or items. Many victims of ASD portray a consistent adherence to some specific rules and rituals . It is also worthwhile to note that autism affects boys more than girls with the ratio being that out of every five people with the disorder, four are male (Volkmar, 2012). Research on the possible causes of autism has been done extensively and is continuing, but no clear causes have been established but scientists have been able to identify some various types of genes that are associated by the disorder and there also have been noticeable relationship with the disorder among close family members, indicating that genetics is a major factor (Tidmarsh and Volkmar, 2003). Research has shown that an identical twin has a 90% chance of getting ASD if the other twin has the disorder, further advancing the theory about genetics (National Institute).It has also been observed that due the presence of high levels of serotonin and other transmitters of information to the brain, ASD could be caused by their interfering with normal brain formation starting from fetal stage to later life. These substances have been found to occur in higher than normal levels in people with ASD. ASD has no known cure but therapeutic and behavioral interventions can be and have been used to bring a remedy to some of the specific symptoms observed and, where applied there have been great improvements. While symptoms may vary, it is very important that they be noted as early as possible so that ways to manage the disorder can be enhanced earliest possible (Tidmarsh and Volkmar, 2003). The following methods would be helpful to assist or educate a victim of ASD in the best way possible. I would emphasize on the screening and proper diagnosis of his
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(Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1453726-autism-spectrum-disorder.
Over the years, the DSM has been revised while some of its sections completely rewritten as new empiric evidence gathered through research continually challenge its existing definitions as well as provide potentially more efficient ways of management (Leventhal, 2012).
INTRODUCTION Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a congenital condition occurring in children more frequently than diabetes, spina bifida, or Down syndrome. The defining characteristics of ASD include 1) labored social interaction, 2) impaired use of words and gestures in communication, and 3) inconsistent patterns of behavior interests, and activities.
The characteristic features of the disorder are impairments especially in the social interactions, verbal communication skills as well as general interests in some activities. This could be dangerous especially when not recognized at the early stages as a child may develop adverse complications especially when it is already too late.
However, due to the fact that diverse cultural backgrounds and key ethnic dissimilarities now define the way in which the current environment operates, such a simplistic view cannot and should not be employed. Within the scope of this particular research paper, the student will seek to analyze the differential that exists with regards to autism within the culture of the African-American community, and the way in which autism is oftentimes understood and treated within other communities.
The author states that the condition is a great manifestation of the brain’s inability to develop effectively thereby quantifying the condition as mental. The condition thus affects the development of patients a feature that complicates both its determination in a patient and the successive treatment.
Further recommendations require the clinician to maintain an active role in long term treatment planning and family support as well as support of the individual and clinicians specifically making enquiries about the use of alternative/complementary treatments, and be prepared to discuss their risk and potential benefits.
Understanding the etiology of autism will help to relieve the blame that parents may feel. The diagnosis was also complicated by the fact that although parents may see signs of autistic behavior during the first year of the child’s life, the diagnosis is usually not made until the child is 30 months.
erally, autism affects various aspects of children’s behaviour such as their social interactions and relationships, language and communication abilities, activities and interests. Studies have pointed out that there are number of factors responsible for Autism Spectrum
Research indicates that some children experience complete mental disability while others don’t. Autism spectrum disorders are also known as pervasive developmental disorders and include following diseases (A Parents Guide to Autism Spectrum Disorder, 2011):
Out of the
The article under consideration is titled “Self-Management Interventions for Students With Autism: A Meta-Analysis of Single-Subject Research.” It was written by Monica Carr, Dennis Moore, and Angelika Anderson. The given article presents a qualitative review of studies that focused on the issue of self-management interventions.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
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