Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Dyslexia in American Public Schools - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Dyslexia in American Public Schools One learning disability gaining varied research (Kirby et al., 2008; Nugent, 2008; Glazzard, 2010; Hornstra et al., 2010; Ness & Southall, 2010) interest today is dyslexia. This, perhaps, is due to the many misunderstandings and confusions about dyslexia (Hudson, High & Al Otaiba, 2007, p…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
Dyslexia in American Public Schools
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Dyslexia in American Public Schools"

Download file to see previous pages 1). Furthermore since in our educational system successful learning requires reading ability, being dyslexic would consequently be of great disadvantage, that the need for early diagnosis and intervention of dyslexia is argued to save dyslexic children from experiencing failure (Bentham, 2002, p. 72; Wadlington & Wadlington, 2005, p. 16; GB Parliament, 2006, p. 395), which studies (Turkington & Harris, 2006, p. 126; Carson-Knight, 2007, p. 37) show may cause them undue social and emotional problems. Understanding Dyslexia History Most probably, dyslexia had been present since early human civilizations, but was unnoticed because the system of writing then is pictographic (proto-writing) unlike today, which is alphabet-based (letters), with the Latin alphabet the dominant writing system worldwide (Fischer, 2001, p. 7). Then, as societies have become literate, the abilities to read, write and count have become essential. Hence it was only then that dyslexia has begun to raise serious concerns and studies. (Riddick, 1996, p. 8) How dyslexia has gained much attention in the educational field, specifically in the US, will be presented here in three stages: 1) The Origin, 2) The Move to the US, and 3) The Current Theories of Dyslexia. The Origin (17th - 18th centuries). The origin of dyslexia can be understood following the historical accounts on the learning disabilities field (Hallahan & Mock, 2003, pp. 16-29; Wong, Graham, Hoskyn & Berman, 2008, pp. 1-3), which can be traced back to the 17th century in Europe from the works of European doctors and researchers on the relationship of brain injury and speech disorders – Franz Joseph Gall (1809) and John Baptiste Bouillaud’s (1820) localization of brain functions, Pierre Paul Broca’s (1861) nonfluent aphasia, and Carl Wernicke’s (1874) “sensory aphasia” (Hallahan & Mock, 2003, p. 17). Findings of these studies have shown indisputably that the brain is divided into specific areas with each area tasked with specific kinds of mental/cognitive functions. Hence, it had been believed that brain damage to specific brain area would mean impairment on the given function of that area (Wong, et al., 2008, p. 2). Consequently, this had inspired studies on reading disorders leading to the discovery of reading disability and was named differently – ‘word-blindness’ by the German physician, Adolph Kussmaul (1877), “dyslexia” by the German ophthalmologist, Rudolf Berlin (1884) (Hallahan & Mock, 2003, p. 18), “alexia” by Charcot (1887), “alexia or dyslexia” by Bateman (1890) (Guardiola, 2001, p. 6), ‘pure word blindness’ by the Swiss-born neurologist Joseph Dejerine (1892) (Heim & Benasich, 2006, p. 271), ‘word-blindness and visual memory’ by James Hinshelwood (1895) (Ott, 1997, p. 6). From this, succeeding research studies on more specific areas of reading disability ensued –William Pringle Morgan’s (1896) first case study on congenital word-blindness and Sir Cyril Hinshelwood’s (1896-1917) first systematic clinical studies of reading disorders essentially validating Broca & Wernicke’s areas (Wong, et al., 2008, p. 2). Thus the first theories of dyslexia had taken their form, which observably had focused on the causes of dyslexia being attributed either to defects on the structure of the brain or to deficits on the functions of the brain (Guardiola, 2001, p. 9). The Move to America (19th-20th century). The research ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Dyslexia in American Public Schools Research Paper”, n.d.)
Dyslexia in American Public Schools Research Paper. Retrieved from
(Dyslexia in American Public Schools Research Paper)
Dyslexia in American Public Schools Research Paper.
“Dyslexia in American Public Schools Research Paper”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Dyslexia in American Public Schools

The American Nation: A Melting Pot of Asian Americans

As a result, American society is experiencing dramatic transformations (Skop & Li, 2005).
The Asian community in the United States is a cultural group that has assumed form since the passing of the 1965 immigration legislation. Even though Asians have been arriving in the United States since the middle of the 1980s, only in the previous four decades have the waves been remarkable. At some stage in that period, the U.S. Asian population has increased dramatically, and Asians one of today’s fastest-growing ethnic and racial minorities in the nation (ibid).
Asian immigration to and settlement in the United States is somewhat well recognized. Generally, Asian immigrants are geographically concentrated, with the imm...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Women in American Politics: Past and Future Challenges

The official political role of women in the colonial period was not definite at all. Political rights were founded profoundly on ascribed status such as birthrights and on achieved status such as property. Religion also contributed in determining who could and could not play a part in politics. There was no steady and widespread difficulty in the participation of women in political life, yet only a small number of women voted in England and North American colonies, and hardly any women participated in politics to the degree of putting into effect political influence (ibid). In reality, the minority had any public office at all in England, and no women can be recognized as holding elective political office in the colonies.
19 Pages(4750 words)Research Proposal

American Airlines: Supply Chain Nightmare

For this reason, it is necessary that all business sectors are carefully reviewed – as often as possible – for the appropriateness of their structure and their daily needs; managers may fail to evaluate with accuracy their firm’s needs, a fact that can cause the failure of plans applied on the relevant organization (Hardless, 2005). On the other hand, the needs of various organizational departments are different; the methods used for the improvement of a firm’s activities should be flexible taking into consideration the characteristics of the specific organizational sector, its strengths/ weaknesses but also its role in the development of the firm’s activities. Boeing is a firm with a long presence in...
15 Pages(3750 words)Case Study

Company Strategy to the Public Sector

The definition of corporate strategies emphasizes the need for the organization to satisfy the needs of all the stakeholders if the organization is to achieve its overall objective of maximizing shareholder value. Stakeholders include employees, customers and the communities in which the organization operates. Employees, customers, and communities, therefore, have a significant impact on the success of the organization and thus on the corporate strategy of the organization. In formulating corporate strategy, organizations need to identify and priorities strategic issues, which involve scanning, selecting, interpreting and validating information. (Schneider, 1989).
The aim of this paper is to explain the strategy of an organiz...
7 Pages(1750 words)Assignment

Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape

...ASHER B DURAND Asher Brown Durand (August 21, 1796-September 17, 1886) was an American painter of Hudson River School. He was born at Jefferson Village which is now known as Maplewood, New Jersey. He was the eighth child of the eleven children of his father who was a watchmaker and a silversmith. Durand died at the age of 90 years, an exceptional expanse of time in an era when the life expectancy was limited to 45 to 50 years in America. Durand was an accomplished etcher before he turned his attention to painting. He was the acknowledged dean of the American landscape school from his election as president of The National Academy of Design in 1845, until his death. During these forty years, he set the tone for American landscape painting...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

The Evolution of Public Media

To instigate one to a category can now just as easily break out into a full-on discussion that may exhaust time and brain cells and yet still remain undefined.
In so much so that censorship and other restrictions, imposed by governments, critiques, audiences and other artists may condone a certain message of restraint that could bring about a new sense or in some cases lack thereof of artistic freedom. It is no longer a matter of identifying the genre and then moving along with the idea. Today’s global world will continue to embark and expand to involve all who are part of this world to be within the grasp of criticism or acclaim.
This categorizing and boxing up is now becoming obsolete as more and more works show...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Decision Making in Health and Social Care

... is divided by the sum total of all costs. For example let’s look at constant efforts of medical staff to increase the life expectancy rate among heart patients. A very simple and less costly treatment method is the prescription of aspirins and beta blockers to the patient. A more expensive but equally more effective method of treatment involves not only continuous medication but also a combination or single use of angioplasty/by-pass surgery/stents/cardiac catheterization and so on. As the table illustrates the cost effectiveness is determined by the incremental marginal effectiveness or benefit. The table is based on the Primer on the Cost-Effectiveness Analysis: Effective Clinical Practice, published by the American College... IN HEALTH...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

The Values of Japanese Manga and American Comics

... that in no other nation this form of comics has created so much of impact, but continuously expanding appreciation of this comics in the US market is threatening the monopolistic superiority of American superheroes. What are the signs of such threat? David Okum, after pondering over the current situation, comments, “The future of manga looks bright. Many mainstream comic companies are adopting a manga “look” for their books. Even comics like X-Men and Batman have been drawn in manga style by Japanese manga artists. Anime has become widely popular on television and in the movies.”iv The leading American comics’ publication companies that mainly used to focus on charming the young generation with new adventures of superheroes, are now keen...
14 Pages(3500 words)Thesis

Increasing Public-sector Effectiveness by Changing Organisational Culture

...Increasing Public-sector Effectiveness by Changing Organisational Culture A study has been conducted to determine a model for organisationaleffectiveness in public-sector organisations. The organisational culture is shaped by organisational structure, environment, and values, beliefs and underlying assumptions. Effectives in public sector organisations can be improved by the development of an organisational model based on an understanding of relationships between variables. Performance measurement systems are required necessary for measurement and monitoring of effectiveness. Organisational Structure Organisations have structures. Structures include degree or type such as horizontal differentiation, vertical differentiation, mechanism...
10 Pages(2500 words)Coursework

Juvenile Delinquency and Education: A Comparison of Public and Private Education

... procedures and focused less on punishment and more on ‘correction’. This was taken from the behaviourist schools of thought which termed criminality as a result of wrongly learned behaviour. This new approach was what gave way to child correctional facilities such as Juvenile Hall, an alternative to adult prison, or more simply put, a jail for children. In some places, psychiatric help is also provided. There has been a noted tendency to settle child related crimes outside the courts when pertaining to public welfare agencies. These juvenile correction facilities operate independently and have been progressing themselves in terms of child helping techniques. There is much complains to be heard from the likes of these as being...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

American Political Communications

... positive feeling expressed by any person or event. In contrast, it contains a shot of a group of Americans protesting against the health plan which induces a negative feeling as the target audience usually relate to the public shown in tapes. There are no shots in this ad showing the American flag which usually gives the audience a sense of oneness, leaving a positive effect. The video does not have any positive comments regarding the health plan which means that both sides of an argument are never featured in the same ad. There are several shots in this advertisement showing various political leaders making comments regarding the health plan which aims at statistically proving the lack of support regarding the same. It includes shots...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Dyslexia in American Public Schools for FREE!

Contact Us