Ethical Concerns in Health Care Disparities Racial and ethnic disparities in American healthcare system had long been a national concern with respect to healthcare access, quality of care, insurance coverage, and health outcomes in a diversified population of the country…
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The U.S. policy makers had been vigilant in seeking resolutions to address issues on health care disparities in order to uphold justice and respect to the people. This paper presents the general concepts about health care disparities, focusing on the issues concerning ethics raised commonly raised by the people, as well as on the management of these issues that confronts the health care system of the U.S. First, it is important to convey a unanimous thought of the commonly used terms in this study. According to the Agency of Healthcare Research and Quality (2011), “health care seeks to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease and to improve the physical and mental well-being of all Americans.” In the 2003 National Healthcare Disparities Report, “disparity” means “the condition or fact of being unequal, as in age, rank, or degree”, synonymous with the word inequality, unlikeness, disproportion, and difference. It shall be noted that “health disparities” and “health care disparities” are two different terms, though both have close association in concept (Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality 2004). ...
favorable health conditions that exist among specific population groups, including racial and ethnic minority groups” (American Society of Clinical Oncology 2009). Health care disparities, on the other hand, refers to “different people’s access to insurance, preventive services, and medical care or lack thereof,” while health status disparities refers to “the individual differences in disease prevalence, habits, and risks factors between various races and ethnicities” (National Business Group on Health 2011, p. 5). Differences in race are base on the physical (such as skin color, facial features, etc.) and genetic aspects among subgroups while differences in ethnicity consider the subgroups’ cultural, religious, political, and socioeconomic variables (Tobin 2010). The four major ethnic/racial groups frequently noted in literatures are the African Americans, Hispanics, Native Americans, and Asian Pacific Islander, and together with the poor, the mentally retarded, and the immigrants, these groups have experienced unequal burdens in health and health care observed from high morbidity and mortality rates (Baldwin 2003). To delimit the broad scope of disparities in health, this study focuses on health care disparities, per se, more specifically on the issues of ethical concerns. Furthermore, the World Health Organization or WHO (2011) presented the determinants of health that affect the individual or the community’s healthy status and these include: (1) the social and economic environment (income, culture, social status); (2) education; (3) physical environment; (4) social support networks; (5) health services; and (6) the person’s individual characteristics (genetic, gender) and behavior (lifestyle, exercise, eating patterns). Evidence showing the
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Beneficence principle considers the benefits of treatment versus the costs and harm that will be caused by the treatment; the medical professional should act in such a way that it benefits the patient, the third principle is non-maleficence which states that a medical professional should no harm to a patient.
Health Care, Immigration and Society: An Analysis of Demand and Supply BY YOU YOUR SCHOOL INFO HERE DATE HERE Executive Summary Immigrant health care is a significant concern in today’s economy. There are social concerns about the stability of the economy due to immigrants flooding low-wage job markets and also racial and ethnic prejudices that impact the quality of health care treatment.
Minorities do not have proper access to the healthcare facilities. Increasing healthcare costs is also preventing the minorities from seeking medical help. Rural population fails to receive quality healthcare in the United States. The conditions of the minorities in United States are even worse than this.
The author highlights the factors that deter adequate provision of quality health care, including geographical barriers, socioeconomic factors and cultural barriers. The health care providers may treat patients differently in regard to their race and ethnic origin, as well as low income and lack of insurance.
Migration of health professionals, lack of accountability in medical populace and domination by the market forces deciding the health care issues are some of the reasons identified for concerned ethical problems. These problems can be contained with proper development of policies and regulations by the domestic governments.
This figure essentially represents at least 1.5% of the US population while, in the Northwestern states, AI/ANs constitute approximately 3.7% of the entire population. Throughout the initial half of the 20th century,
The LTC provides improved services to the beneficiaries by assisting them in daily activities such as bathing, dressing, and using bathroom. However, modern study reports indicate the paucity of strategic efficiency, which raises numerous ethical questions with regard to LTC.
However, disparities in health care have kept on despite the efforts of the Americans government to impede it. The underprivileged, the racial and ethic minorities in America experience high rates of diseases, limited treatment options and shortened access to care (Williams, 2007).
Some of the approaches that can be applied in eliminating health care disparities include increasing the competence and number of healthcare practitioners in areas which are underserved, expanding health insurance coverage, increasing the awareness base on root and arbitration to decrease the occurrence of health care disparities.
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