For many of us, the lure of computers is a powerful one. Nonetheless, many of us also refrain from using computers for fear of failure. We want to hone computer skills, but lie scared to make the effort because we lack those very skills. …
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Materials and Technology in English Language Teaching
Technology and ideas relevant to it as well as other implementations have continuously changed rapidly. This renders it difficult to provide a definitive picture of CALL in the market, mostly in the web. CALL refers to Computer Assisted Language Learning. It has been in existence since the 1960s, however, the focus as indicated, revolves around its existence and involvement in the market, over the last 15 years. One arm of Applied Linguistics has been gaining in popularity in the past 10 years. A number of scholars have provided us with now well-established definitions. For Levy, CALL is the search for and study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning. Beatty refers to CALL as any process in which a learner uses a computer and, as a result, ends up improving his or her language. This encompasses a broad spectrum of current practices in teaching and learning at the computer, whilst Egbert states that CALL is learners learning language in any context with, through computer technologies. As noted, alternative acronyms to CALL emerged in recognition of the rise of the Internet proposed Technology Enhanced Language Learning, which emphasizes the technology the computer provides rather than the computer itself. Web-enhanced Language Learning lay coined to refer to the Internet as a medium for instruction, whilst Warschauer and (Kern 2000) proposed Network-based Language Learning, which stresses computers connected to one another with human-to-human communication as the focus. Most importantly, these definitions and acronyms have at their core the notion of students working on a desktop or laptop computer, usually in order to consciously practice or learn a language. With the computer at the core and applications usually centered on consciously practicing languages, it is not difficult to see how these alternative acronyms effectively became no more than offshoots of CALL, as they did not challenge its defining characteristics. The significance of the English language for all students when using computers outside of their studies is clear to see from the response to Q2. A tiny 3.3% indicated that they use only L1, compared to a massive combined 86.6% who use both L1 and L2. A further 8.1 per cent reported using only English. We have already noted that responses to Q3 included a number of websites and it was references to Google, YouTube, and Wikipedia, which dominated the replies. Comments from the qualitative data provided more detailed insights, into the significance of English for these particular students. In view of an example, I like games in English. It is easy to understand a game in English and a TF uses computers mostly in English and if she does not understand. I can guess and if I don’t know I search online dictionary Longdo, it’s pretty good, it’s easy to use’. However, the dominance of the English language on the internet can also make it difficult for some students as exemplified by a comment from an EF. Sometimes it is a problem because we do not understand some words and we feel confused. Language pedagogy over the past 25 years has seen a significant shift from teacher- to learner-centered approaches and the notion lies frequently realized in SACs, which have now become an essential feature for many providers. A SAC here refers to the physical location where they make both paper-based materials (PbMs) and CbMs available for
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Brief Background of the Study It is a universal truth that adults have mastered communicative competence in their native tongue. This holds true even to students of a second language, notwithstanding the fact that it is a foreign or secondary language in their native lands.
Learners get entertained and also they are involved in the teaching and learning process. In the teaching of a foreign language, videos have been incorporated. This has led to a lot of changes in the teaching and learning of the subject. The paper provides the definition of a video, the teaching of foreign language through the use of video and advantages of using videos in the teaching of a foreign language.
The research will identify the challenges the Arab students undergo while learning the foreign language quite different from their native one, representing their social values, culture, traditions. The study will produce the references of previous studies have been conducted on the same or similar topics by reviewing the literature related to the present research topic.
This type of activity is categorized under objective type testing. What happens in fill in the blanks activity is that there is sentence which is not complete i.e. some parts of the sentence is missing and the student has to put the appropriate missing part into the sentence.
The needs of this particular group of students are related to a certain level of English that hey require (average) and unique vocabulary that they need to know as per their specialization request.
The group targeted for this program is a standard university group consisting of 25-30 students.
Their prospects are uncertain and their future not too bright unless they learn English.
"This is the situation faced by millions of students in U.S. schools who do not speak English fluently. Their number has grown dramatically just in the past 15 years.
Constructivist principles have greatly influenced general education theory and mathematic in recent years, but have remained unfamiliar in the field of Teaching English as a Second Language. The word "constructivism" has not been associated directly with TESOL, a lot of recommended instructions illustrate the idea of constructivist teaching.